مجدل عنجر Majdal Anjar
|• Mayor||Sami El Ajame|
|• Total||9.90 sq mi (25.65 km2)|
|Elevation||3,180 ft (970 m)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
|Website||Majdal Anjar official web site|
Majdal Anjar is one of the Bekaa Valley towns of the East. It is located on the international road linking Beirut and Damascus. It is exactly located at the borders of Lebanon and Syria which is referred to the "Masnaa". About 55 km from the Capital of Lebanon and 57 kilometers from Damascus. Rise of 970 m above sea level. An area of 25642775 square meters. A population of about 25000 people. It borders Sawiri from east and south, Anjar from north and Dakwi and Rawda from west Each year this village grows more expand towards the north side.
The most important crops are cereals, including: wheat, barley, lentil, grapes, potatoes, beets, nuts, peaches apricots, cherrypomegranate, almonds, olives, raspberry, apples, onions, tomato, zucchini, cabbage, cauliflower, watermelon, lettuce, radishes, parsley, Mint, garlic, beans, kidney bean and etc.
Nothing more than a simple primitive industry, and food industry, including bread, sugar, flour, and the construction industry. A sugar factory was founded in 1958 in Majdal Anjar, and that was an important turning point in terms of leading to the evolution of this remarkable plant in the cultivation of sugar beets and the sugar industry.
The town of Majdal Anjar, is significant, as it is a complex interaction between Lebanon and the Arab states, making it a remarkable trade center in Bekaa. There are many custom offices along the border region, as well as the numerous amounts of shops and markets located along the international road. This prompts trade, plants industry, clothing, electronic parts importer, antiques, and so much more.
The castle of the town has attracted many tourists throughout the years, Arabs and foreigners, in addition to the arranged school trips from various regions of Lebanon.
The name of Majdal Laramie means "the tower" or "high place" or "supervisor of the palace." The "Anjar" shared the "Ain" and "njar" means "the moving River". It can also mean "lion's roar" or "shocking." This town was named by old Egyptians as "Tel el-Amarna," (The moon rises) and the Greeks as "Khalqays" or "Kheis" means copper. Also, it called by David King of Judah as "sawba " which means "the place".Then this town was established by the Phoenicians under the title "Majdal Anjar' or 'Honor House."
Majdal Anjar has a great significance in the old history since it is located at the entrance of the city of Damascus and what surrounds it ( valley and mountain-walled great hills).
The town contains an old mosque called "Omar bin al-Khattab," built by Walid bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan. Majdal Anjar is famous by its ancient cathedral, called today "the castle" and located on the flat plateau called "Al Hosen".
Majdel Anjar I is a very large site, 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) northwest of the village where Jesuit archaeologist, Auguste Bergy found numerous flint tools that dated to various periods. He identified a Heavy Neolithic assemblage of the Qaraoun culture that consisted of chisels, axes cores and other debris.
Majdal Anjar II or Tell Majdal Anjar is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the village near the road. Lorraine Copeland commented that "sackfulls" of neolithic flints could be recovered from the area when she visited, including large cutting tools. The tell shows considerable deposits with finds consisting of pottery sherds, flints and part of a stoneware bowl. Also found were scapers, burins, trapezoidal axes and segmented sickles with fine denticulation. Pottery was both fine and coarse featuring red washing, burnishing and incisions. Finds were similar to middle neolithic levels of Byblos and Ard Tlaili.
- Moore, A.M.T. (1978). The Neolithic of the Levant. Oxford University, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. pp. 444–446.
- Université Saint-Joseph (Beirut; Lebanon) (1966). Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph. Impr. catholique. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- Copeland, Lorraine, "Neolithic Village Sites in the South Beqaa Lebanon", Melanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph (Beirut Lebanon) Volume 45, (Pages 83-114), 1969.