Qurghonteppa

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Qurghonteppa Oblast was an administrative subdivision in Tajikistan.
Qurghonteppa
Қурғонтеппа
Qurghonteppa in 2010
Qurghonteppa in 2010
Qurghonteppa is located in Tajikistan
Qurghonteppa
Qurghonteppa
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 37°50′11″N 68°46′49″E / 37.83639°N 68.78028°E / 37.83639; 68.78028
Country Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Province Khatlon
Area
 • City 26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • City 101 600
 • Density 3,907,6/km2 (101,210/sq mi)
 • Metro 175 000
Area code(s) 992-3222

Qurghonteppa or Kurganteppa (Tajik: Қурғонтеппа), formerly known as Kurgan-Tyube (Russian: Курган-Тюбе, Persian: قرغان‌تپه‎, Uzbek: Qo’rg’ontepa) is a city in southwestern Tajikistan. It is the capital of the Khatlon region and it is located 100 km from Dushanbe. It is estimated that the population of the city is close to 102,000 (est. 2014) people, making it the third-largest city in the country. The population fluctuates depending on season (due to Tajik immigrant workers in Russia). The political opposition in Tajikistan primarily comes from Qurghonteppa.[1]

Along with the capital Dushanbe, Qurghonteppa is demographically much more diverse than other major cities such as Khujand, Kulob or Istaravshan.[citation needed] Ethnicities include Tajiks, Uzbeks, Russians, Tatars, Ukrainians, Kazakhs, Greeks and many more.[citation needed] The city had a large number of ethnic Russians who were actively employed by the industrial and agricultural complexes in and around the city. Qurghonteppa was seriously demaged during the civil war in 1992-1997; during and after that war 85% of the Russians left the city.[citation needed]

Qurghonteppa International Airport serves a handful of cities in Tajikistan, Russia and Kazakhstan. The city is considered to be the heart of cotton ("white gold") cultivation in Tajikistan.[citation needed]

Qurghonteppa and Kulob are the main cities of south Tajikistan. Qurghonteppa is a regional hub (one of the top four), especially for banking and telecommunications industries.[citation needed]

Tajik immigrant workers (mostly employed in Russia) have significantly contributed to the local economy since early 2000s.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Qurghonteppa has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cool winters and very hot summers. Precipitation is quite low, and peaks in spring, while summers are very dry.

Climate data for Qurghonteppa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
27.9
(82.2)
33.4
(92.1)
36.7
(98.1)
41.3
(106.3)
43.6
(110.5)
46.0
(114.8)
42.8
(109)
38.6
(101.5)
36.1
(97)
30.5
(86.9)
24.3
(75.7)
46
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
11.7
(53.1)
17.2
(63)
24.2
(75.6)
30.4
(86.7)
35.8
(96.4)
37.3
(99.1)
35.5
(95.9)
31.2
(88.2)
25.1
(77.2)
17.6
(63.7)
10.6
(51.1)
23.73
(74.72)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
5.4
(41.7)
10.8
(51.4)
17.2
(63)
22.7
(72.9)
27.3
(81.1)
28.7
(83.7)
26.4
(79.5)
21.1
(70)
15.2
(59.4)
9.1
(48.4)
4.4
(39.9)
15.9
(60.62)
Average low °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
1.0
(33.8)
5.9
(42.6)
11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
18.1
(64.6)
19.3
(66.7)
17.1
(62.8)
12.1
(53.8)
7.6
(45.7)
3.2
(37.8)
0.3
(32.5)
9.13
(48.44)
Record low °C (°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−12.7
(9.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.0
(39.2)
9.1
(48.4)
11.0
(51.8)
9.4
(48.9)
3.5
(38.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−20.0
(−4)
−24.1
(−11.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 36.1
(1.421)
39.6
(1.559)
61.0
(2.402)
39.6
(1.559)
24.1
(0.949)
3.2
(0.126)
0.3
(0.012)
0.1
(0.004)
0.8
(0.031)
8.8
(0.346)
19.3
(0.76)
29.8
(1.173)
262.7
(10.342)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.2 11.2 7.0 5.9 2.7 0.2 1.0 0.8 1.3 3.7 6.4 7.3 55.7
 % humidity 73.2 70.1 62.3 57.6 50.2 45.5 45.6 48.3 51.0 57.1 66.6 73.0 58.38
Mean monthly sunshine hours 112 125 164 213 291 339 351 334 294 235 174 115 2,747
Source #1: climatebase.ru[2]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[3]

Coordinates: 37°50′11″N 68°46′49″E / 37.83639°N 68.78028°E / 37.83639; 68.78028

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ethnic groups at risk: The status of Tajiks Heritage Society
  2. ^ "Kurgan-Tyube,Tajikistan". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate Normals for Kurgan-Tjube". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

External links[edit]