Rail transport in Romania

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Map of Romania's railway network

The first railway in the Kingdom of Romania opened in 1869 and linked Bucharest and Giurgiu. The first railway on current Romanian territory opened in 1854, between Oraviţa and Baziaş in Banat, however that region was under the administration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the time.

Since then, the Romanian railway network has been significantly expanded, and is now the fourth largest in Europe by total track length, comprising 22,298 km (13,855 mi).[1] Of these, some 8,585 km are electrified. The route length is 10,788 km.[2]


The network was previously monopolized by Căile Ferate Române, the state railway company, but since 1998, a number of private companies began operations, both in passenger and/or freight transport.

Romania is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Romania is 53.

CFR's rail freight division became CFR Marfă.

ÖPNV-Systeme in Südosteuropa.png

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]


See also[edit]