Rail transport in is mainly owned by the national rail company Austria ÖBB. The railway network consists of 6,123 km, its gauge is 1,435 mm ( 4 ft ) 8 in 1⁄ 2 and 3,523 km are electrified. standard gauge
Austria is a member of the
International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Austria is 81.
History [ edit ]
The history of Austrian rail transport starts with the
Reisszug, a private funicular serving the Fortress of Salzburg. Built at the end of the 15th century and first documented in 1515, it is the oldest known funicular in the world, and possibly the oldest existing railway line. [2 ] [3 ]
In the 19th century, after a building of several
horse tramways, it opened in 1837 the line Nordbahn Vienna- Břeclav. The Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways, a company serving Austrian side of Austria-Hungary, was created in 1884 and in 1923, some years after the [4 ] dissolution of the empire, it was founded the national company "ÖBB".
Network [ edit ]
Austrian network, out of the principal rail system, also counts some
funiculars, rack railways and lot of heritage railways mainly derived from part of disused lines. Some secondary lines have a narrow gauge.
Urban railways [ edit ]
Narrow gauge railways [ edit ]
In Austria, many
narrow gauge railways were constructed due to the difficult mountainous terrain. Many survive as a common carrier or a heritage railway.
See also [ edit ]
Notes and references [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]