Ray Parker, Jr.

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Ray Parker, Jr.
RayParkerJrHWOFMar2013.jpg
Parker in March 2013
Background information
Birth name Ray Erskine Parker, Jr.
Born (1954-05-01) May 1, 1954 (age 60)
Origin Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Genres R&B, jazz-fusion, funk, soul
Occupation(s) Guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer, composer
Instruments Guitar, piano, vocals, drums
Years active 1973–present
Labels Arista, Geffen, MCA
Associated acts Raydio
Jerry Knight
Barry White, Michael Henderson
Website Official website

Ray Erskine Parker, Jr. (born May 1, 1954) is an American guitarist, songwriter, producer and recording artist. Parker is known for writing and performing the theme song to the movie Ghostbusters, for his solo music, and for performing with his band, Raydio, and with Barry White.

Early life[edit]

Parker was born in Detroit to Venolia and Ray Parker, Sr. He has two siblings, his brother Opelton and his sister Barbara.[citation needed]

Parker is a 1971 graduate of Detroit's Northwestern High School. He was raised in the Dexter-Davison neighborhood on its West Side.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Early work[edit]

Parker gained recognition during the late 1960s as a member of the house band at the legendary 20 Grand nightclub. This Detroit hotspot often featured Tamla/Motown acts, one of which, the (Detroit) Spinners, was so impressed with the young guitarist's skills that they added him to their touring group. Parker was also employed as a studio musician as a teenager for the emergent Holland-Dozier-Holland's Invictus/Hot Wax stable, and his choppy style was particularly prevalent on "Want Ads", a number one single for Honey Cone.

In 1972, Parker was a guest guitarist on Stevie Wonder's funk song "Maybe Your Baby" from Wonder's album Talking Book.

In 1973, he became a sideman in Barry White's The Love Unlimited Orchestra, before creating Raydio, an R&B group, in 1977, with Vincent Bohnam, Jerry Knight, and Arnell Carmichael. Parker appeared briefly in the 1974 film Uptown Saturday Night as a guitar player in the church picnic scene. Parker also wrote songs and did session work for The Carpenters, Rufus and Chaka Khan, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder (an association which prompted a permanent move to Los Angeles), Deniece Williams, Jean-Luc Ponty, Leon Haywood, Temptations, The Spinners, Boz Scaggs, David Foster, Rhythm Heritage, Gladys Knight and the Pips, The Honey Cone, Herbie Hancock, Tina Turner, and Diana Ross. According to TVOne's UNSUNG documentary, Ray Parker, Jr. originally wrote the number one dance single "You Make Me Feel Like Dancing" by British musician Leo Sayer. However, Ray was never given credit as promised.

His first bona fide hit as a writer was "You Got the Love", co-written with Chaka Khan amd recorded by Rufus. The single hit #1 on the R&B charts and #11 on the pop charts in December, 1974.

According to a special mention, in 1976 he worked as rhythmic guitarist for Lucio Battisti's album Io tu noi tutti, translated as "Me you and all of us".

Parker endorses and plays Mérida Guitars.[1]

Raydio[edit]

Raydio scored their first big hit, "Jack and Jill", from their self-titled album in 1978 with Arista Records. The song reached #8 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, earning a million-selling gold single in the process.

Their follow-up song, "You Can't Change That", was released in 1979 from the Rock On album. The song was another Top 10 hit, peaking at #9 on the Billboard chart during the summer and also selling a million copies.

In 1980, the group became known as Ray Parker Jr. and Raydio. The group released two more albums, Two Places at the Same Time in 1980 and A Woman Needs Love in 1981.

In 1981, he produced the hard funk single "Sweat (till you get wet)" by Brick.

During the 1980s, Ray Parker Jr. and Raydio had two Top 40 hits ("Two Places at the Same Time" - #30 in 1980 and "That Old Song" - #21 in 1981) and their last and biggest hit, "A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)", released in 1981, went to #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 Charts and to #1 on the R&B Charts for two weeks in 1981.

Solo years[edit]

Raydio broke up in 1981. Parker continued with his solo career, scoring six Top 40 hits, including the hit single "The Other Woman" (Pop #4) in 1982 and "Ghostbusters" in 1984. "Ghostbusters" was at #1 for three weeks on Billboard's Hot 100 chart, and at #1 for two weeks on its Black Singles chart. The song was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1984 but lost to Stevie Wonder's "I Just Called to Say I Love You" from The Woman in Red. Parker's song secured him a 1984 Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.[2] Other hits from this period included "I Still Can't Get Over Loving You" (Pop #12) and "Jamie" (Pop #14).

Parker was one of the first black artists to venture into the then-fledgling world of music videos. In 1978, Hollywood producer Thom Eubank produced several music videos of songs from Raydio's first, eponymous album on Arista Records. The single "Jack & Jill" was the first released to air on Wolfman Jack's Saturday night television show, The Midnight Special. The music videos were also transferred to film and projected in movie theaters all over Europe. He also made two different videos for his hit "The Other Woman". The first was Halloween-themed and centered around a haunted castle with dancing corpses and vampires. The second was more performance-oriented, with Parker performing the song against an outer space background with backup singers. Parker made the performance-oriented video because MTV refused to play the Halloween-themed version due to its depiction of an interracial relationship.[citation needed] Parker's "Ghostbusters" video, helmed by the film's director, Ivan Reitman, was one of the first movie-themed videos to find success on MTV.

Parker at the Montreux Jazz Festival 2009, Montreux, Switzerland

Parker also wrote and produced hits for New Edition ("Mr. Telephone Man"), Randy Hall, Cheryl Lynn ("Shake It Up Tonight"), Deniece Williams ("I Found Love") and Diana Ross. He performed guitar on several songs on La Toya Jackson's 1980 debut album. In 1989, he also wrote "Ghostbusters", a rap performed by Run-D.M.C., for the movie Ghostbusters II. 1989 also saw Parker work with actor Jack Wagner (General Hospital) on an album for MCA Records that was eventually shelved and never released. A single from the Jack Wagner sessions, "Wish You Were Mine", featuring an intro rap by Parker, was released on a 2990 MCA promotional sampler CD.

In 2006, Parker released a new CD titled I'm Free.

Ghostbusters theme song controversy[edit]

Parker was accused of plagiarizing the melody to the Ghostbusters theme song from the Huey Lewis and the News song "I Want a New Drug", which had been released on their Sports album the previous year. Lewis sued Parker and Columbia Pictures, and the three settled out of court in 1985.

In 2001, Parker filed a suit against Lewis for breaching part of the settlement which prohibited either side from speaking about it publicly. Lewis had implied in a VH1 Behind The Music special that Parker had paid a financial settlement as part of the original agreement. The case did not make it to court; no public statement has been made as to whether the parties agreed to settle this case out of court, or if Parker simply dropped the suit.

Acting[edit]

Parker also made acting appearances on the 1980s sitcom Gimme a Break, the 1984 CBS Saturday morning kids' show Pryor's Place (for which Parker appeared in the opening title sequence singing the theme song), Disorderlies (1987), Enemy Territory (1987), Charlie Barnett's Terms of Enrollment (1986) (V) aka Terms of Enrollment (USA: short title), two episodes of Berrenger's (1985), and Uptown Saturday Night (1974). He was also a production assistant for the film Fly by Night (1993). He made guest appearances on 21 Jump Street and Kids Incorporated.

In early 2009, Parker appeared in a television advertisement for 118 118, a British directory enquiries provider. This featured Parker singing a 118-specific version of the Ghostbusters theme song.[3] On 15 April 2009, Parker's 118 theme song was made available as a downloadable ringtone from the 118 118 mobile website.

In 2014, Parker appeared in the 5th episode of the 1st season of NBC's new romantic comedy television series A to Z, singing the "Ghostbusters" theme song for a Halloween party.

Personal life[edit]

Parker's father died of cancer on March 12, 1992, at age 82; his mother died of Alzheimer's on December 18, 1993, at age 83.[citation needed]

At age 40, in 1994, Ray married his wife, Elaine. They have four sons: Ray III (Little Ray), Redmen, Gibson and Jericho. In 2014, Parker received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to music.[4]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Record label
US
[5]
US
R&B

[5]
AUS
[6]
UK
[7]
1982 The Other Woman 11 1 27 Arista
1983 Woman Out Of Control 45 18
1985 Sex And The Single Man 65 48
1987 After Dark 86 27 40 Geffen
1991 I Love You Like You Are 97 MCA
2006 I'm Free Raydio Music
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released.

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Record label
US
[5]
US
R&B

[5]
AUS
[6]
CAN
[9]
NZ
[10]
SWE
[11]
SWI
[12]
1982 Greatest Hits 51 17 Arista
1984 Chartbusters 60 36 84 89 49 36 16
1990 The Best of Ray Parker Jr. & Raydio
1993 Greatest Hits
1998 The Best of Ray Parker Jr. BMG/Arista
1999 Ghostbusters: The Encore Collection BMG
2000 The Heritage Collection Arista
2011 S.O.U.L. Sony Music
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released.

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Album
US
[5]
US
R&B

[5]
US
A/C

[5]
US
Dan

[5]
AUS
[6]
BEL
[13]
CAN
[9]
FRA
[14]
GER
[15]
IRE
[16]
NLD
[17]
NZ
[10]
SWE
[11]
SWI
[12]
UK
[7]
1982 "The Other Woman" 4 2 33 24 1 7 4 The Other Woman
"Let Me Go" 38 3
"It's Our Own Affair" 106 44
"Bad Boy" 35 6 37 22 Greatest Hits
1983 "The People Next Door" 60
"I Still Can't Get Over Loving You" 12 12 10 89 26 48 Woman Out of Control
1984 "Woman Out of Control" 71
"In The Heat of the Night" 64
"Ghostbusters" 1 1 9 6 2 1 1 1 4 4 5 2 2 3 2 Ghostbusters / Chartbusters
"Jamie" 14 12 6 43 16 Chartbusters
1985 "I've Been Diggin' You" 38
"Girls Are More Fun" 34 21 32 46 Sex and the Single Man
"One Sided Love Affair"
1986 "One Sunny Day" / "Dueling Bikes from Quicksilver" (with Helen Terry) 96 Quicksilver
1987 "I Don't Think That Man Should Sleep Alone" 68 5 42 18 47 13 After Dark
"Over You" (with Natalie Cole) 10 38 65
1990 "All I'm Missing Is You" (with Glenn Medeiros) 32 Glenn Medeiros
1991 "She Needs to Get Some" 34 I Love You Like You Are
"Girl I Saw You"
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Merida Artists". Merida Guitars. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  2. ^ Blair Jackson (Sep 1, 2006). "Classic Tracks: Ray Parker Jr.'s "Ghostbusters"". Mixonline.com. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  3. ^ 118 television commercial on YouTube
  4. ^ Andrew Barker Senior Features Writer @barkerrant (2014-03-07). "Ray Parker Jr. Receives Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame". Variety. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "US Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  6. ^ a b c David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  7. ^ a b "UK Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  8. ^ a b "US Certifications > Ray Parker, Jr.". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  9. ^ a b "CAN Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". RPM. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  10. ^ a b "NZ Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  11. ^ a b "SWE Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  12. ^ a b "SWI Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Swiss Music Charts. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  13. ^ "BEL Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". VRT Top 30. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  14. ^ "FRA Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  15. ^ "GER Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". Media Control Charts. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  16. ^ "IRE Charts Search > Ray Parker, Jr.". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  17. ^ "NLD Charts > Ray Parker, Jr.". MegaCharts. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 

External links[edit]