21 Jump Street

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21 Jump Street
21 Jump Street.png
Genre
Created by Patrick Hasburgh
Stephen J. Cannell
Starring Johnny Depp
Holly Robinson
Peter DeLuise
Dustin Nguyen
Richard Grieco
Steven Williams
Michael DeLuise
Michael Bendetti
Frederic Forrest
Sal Jenco
Theme music composer Liam Sternberg
Opening theme "21 Jump Street Theme" performed by Holly Robinson
Composer(s) Peter Bernstein
Jay Gruska
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 5
No. of episodes 103 (List of episodes)
Production
Location(s) Vancouver, British Columbia
Camera setup Single-camera
Running time 45–48 minutes
Production company(s) 20th Century Fox Television
LBS Communications (1990–1991)
Patrick Hasburgh Productions
Stephen J. Cannell Productions
Broadcast
Original channel Fox (seasons 1–4)
Syndication (season 5)
Audio format Stereo
Original run April 12, 1987 (1987-04-12) – April 27, 1991 (1991-04-27)
Chronology
Related shows Booker (1989–1990)
21 Jump Street (2012)

21 Jump Street is an American police procedural crime drama television series that aired on the Fox Network and in first run syndication from April 12, 1987, to April 27, 1991, with a total of 103 episodes. The series focuses on a squad of youthful-looking undercover police officers investigating crimes in high schools, colleges, and other teenage venues.[1] It was originally going to be titled Jump Street Chapel, after the deconsecrated church building in which the unit has its headquarters, but was changed at Fox's request so as not to mislead viewers into thinking it was a religious program.

Created by Patrick Hasburgh and Stephen J. Cannell, the series was produced by Patrick Hasburgh Productions and Stephen J. Cannell Productions in association with 20th Century Fox Television. Executive Producers included Hasburgh, Cannell, Steve Beers and Bill Nuss. The show was an early hit for the fledgling Fox Network, and was created to attract a younger audience.[2] The final season aired in first-run syndication mainly on local Fox affiliates. It was later rerun on the FX cable network from 1996 to 1998.

The series provided a spark to Johnny Depp's nascent acting career, garnering him national recognition as a teen idol. Depp found this status irritating,[3] but he continued on the series under his contract and was paid $45,000 per episode. Eventually he was released from his contract after the fourth season.[3][4]

A spin-off series, Booker, was produced for the character of Dennis Booker (Richard Grieco); it ran one season, from September 1989 to June 1990. A film adaptation directed by Phil Lord and Chris Miller was released on March 16, 2012. Despite featuring a different story with different characters (but similarities in the plot and concept), it is set in the same chronology that the series, with Johnny Depp and Peter DeLuise reprising their characters from the series in a cameo appearance together. A sequel, 22 Jump Street, is set to be released in 2014.

Premise[edit]

The series focuses on a group of police officers headquartered at the titular address. These officers are all young and have especially youthful appearances, which allows them to pass for teenagers. Their assignments generally consist of undercover work in high schools or, less commonly, colleges, where they generally investigate drug trafficking and abuse. The show's plots cover issues such as alcoholism, hate crimes, drug abuse, homophobia, AIDS, child abuse, and sexual promiscuity. Similarly, each problem is often solved by the end of the hour-long episode, giving an implicit moral about the impact of a particular activity. When the show originally aired, some episodes were followed immediately by public service announcements featuring cast members.

Cast[edit]

The show starred prominent actors and actresses at the time, including:

  • Johnny Depp as Patrolman/Officer Tom Hanson (1987–1990)
  • Holly Robinson as Sergeant Judith "Judy" Hoffs (1987–1991)
  • Peter DeLuise as Officer Douglas "Doug" Penhall (1987–1990)
  • Dustin Nguyen as Sergeant Harry Truman Ioki/Vinh Van Tran (H.T. Ioki) (1987–1990)
  • Frederic Forrest as Captain Richard Jenko (season 1, first 6 episodes)
  • Steven Williams as Captain Adam Fuller (1987–1991)
  • Sal Jenco as Sal "Blowfish" Banducci (1987–1990)
  • Richard Grieco as Detective Dennis Booker (1988–1989)
  • David Barry Gray as Officer Dean Garrett (1990)
  • Alexandra Powers as Officer Kati Rocky (1990)
  • Michael DeLuise as Officer Joseph "Joey" Penhall (1990–1991)
  • Michael Bendetti as Officer Anthony "Mac" McCann (1990–1991)

Jeff Yagher was originally cast as Officer Tom Hanson in the pilot. He was replaced after the original pilot episode was filmed, and his scenes were reshot with Johnny Depp. Midway through the first season, Frederic Forrest was replaced by Steven Williams. On the show, Forrest's character Richard Jenko is killed by a drunk driver. Johnny Depp left the series at the end of the fourth season, but was credited in the first two episodes of the fifth season, despite not having appeared.

Guest stars[edit]

Some notable guest stars on the series include: Dom DeLuise, Josh Brolin, Bridget Fonda, Bobby Rodriguez, Jada Pinkett Smith, Brad Pitt, Vince Vaughn, Blair Underwood, John Waters, Rosie Perez, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Mario Van Peebles, Christina Applegate, Pauly Shore, David DeLuise, Bradley Gregg, Jason Priestley, Sarah Buxton, David Paymer, Diedrich Bader, and Shannon Tweed.

Production[edit]

Filming[edit]

Although set in an undisclosed city in Washington, the series was primarily filmed in North Vancouver, British Columbia. It was one of the first major television series to use Vancouver as a filming location and helped to establish the city as a center for film production.

Reception[edit]

21 Jump Street, along with Married... with Children and The Tracey Ullman Show, debuted in the spring of 1987. All three shows were hits with audiences and helped to establish the newly launched Fox Network.[5] 21 Jump Street was the first hit series for the Fox network.[6] In August 1987, 21 Jump Street became the first Fox series to win its timeslot against a Big three network series.[7]

Broadcast history[edit]

Season 4 was the last season to air on the Fox Network. In commentary on the Season 5 DVD set, Peter DeLuise said that Fox had decided to cancel the show after Season 4 because the ratings had fallen below a set limit. Following this season Johnny Depp and Dustin Nguyen left the show. The departure of their characters was never explained in the narrative of the TV series, but in the movie it is explained that Hanson was transferred to the DEA and was later joined by Officer Penhall. The Booker spin-off crossover episode, "Wheels and Deals Part One", is included with 21 Jump Street's syndication package, and is also included on the fourth season DVD set.

Officer Dean Garrett (David Barry Gray) makes his first appearance in "Everyday is Christmas". As it became harder for the original cast members to plausibly pass as high school students, his character and Officer Kati Rocky (Alexandra Powers) were intended to be "youthful" replacements, so the show could maintain its original premise of younger looking cops posing as high school students.

DVD releases[edit]

Richard Grieco appears in two shows of season four and is used on the season's DVD cover.

Anchor Bay Entertainment released all five seasons of 21 Jump Street on DVD in Region 1 between 2004 and 2006. The releases contain extensive music substitutions and inaccurate cover art (for example, Richard Grieco appears on the cover of the season 4 set, despite appearing in only two episodes that season, while Johnny Depp appears on the season 5 cover, despite having left the series after the previous season). As of 2010, these releases have been discontinued and are now out of print.

Johnny Depp left the show after season four and is used on the fifth season DVD cover.

On October 14, 2009, it was announced that Mill Creek Entertainment had acquired the rights to several Stephen J. Cannell series, including 21 Jump Street,[8] and subsequently re-released the first four seasons. In addition, Mill Creek also released 21 Jump Street - The Complete Series, an 18-disc collection featuring all 103 episodes of the series on DVD on July 27, 2010.[9]

In Region 2, Anchor Bay Entertainment has released all 5 seasons on DVD in the UK. They also released a complete series set on March 5, 2012.[10]

In Region 4, Madman Entertainment has released all five seasons on DVD in Australia. They also released a complete series collection on May 1, 2013.[11]

DVD name Ep # Release Dates
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
The Complete First Season 13 October 26, 2004
January 19, 2010 (re-release)
January 31, 2005 September 7, 2006
The Complete Second Season 22 March 8, 2005
May 18, 2010 (re-release)
June 20, 2005 September 7, 2006
The Complete Third Season 20 September 6, 2005
July 27, 2010 (re-release)
January 23, 2006 September 7, 2006
The Complete Fourth Season 25 November 1, 2005
January 18, 2011 (re-release)
April 10, 2006 September 7, 2006
The Complete Fifth Season 23 March 21, 2006 September 18, 2006 June 7, 2007
The Complete Series 103 July 27, 2010 March 5, 2012 May 1, 2013

Film adaptation[edit]

On March 16, 2012, a feature film sequel to the television series from Sony Pictures was released starring Jonah Hill and Channing Tatum (who are also executive producers) and directed by Phil Lord and Chris Miller with the screenplay written by Michael Bacall from a story by both Hill and Bacall. Johnny Depp, Peter DeLuise, and Holly Robinson briefly reprise their roles as Tom Hanson, Doug Penhall, and Judy Hoffs, respectively. The film proved to be a critically hailed box office success.

Described in concept by Hill as an "R-rated, insane, Bad Boys-meets-John Hughes-type movie,"[12] the film departs from the style of the series and instead features a highly comedic tone. The film and series are also set in the same continuity, despite the film being described as a "remake" by some reporters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosenberg, Howard (11 April 1987). "Weekend Tv : 'Jump Street' Bows On Fox Network". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Kansas City, MO: Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 501. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2. OCLC 57316726. 
  3. ^ a b Blitz, Michael; Krasniewicz, Louise (2008). Johnny Depp: A Biography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-313-34300-4. OCLC 166290770. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Horowitz, Josh (14 May 2008). "Jonah Hill To Adapt '21 Jump Street' For The Big Screen: Report". mtv.com. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  5. ^ Hilmes, Michele (2010). Only Connect: A Cultural History of Broadcasting in the United States (3 ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 348. ISBN 0-495-57051-6. 
  6. ^ Lapin, Claudia (October 1988). "The Message of 21 Jump Street". Orange Coast Magazine (Emmis Communications) 41 (41): 192. ISSN 0279-0483. 
  7. ^ Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 507. ISBN 0-740-75118-2. 
  8. ^ "Cannell and Mill Creek Ink New Distribution Deal" (Press release). TVShowsOnDVD.com. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Lambert, David (21 May 2010). "21 Jump Street - Mill Creek to Roll Out 'Season 3' and 'The Complete Series' on DVD". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  10. ^ 21 Jump Street - Seasons 1-5
  11. ^ 21 Jump Street: The Complete Series Collection
  12. ^ Coll, Kevin (28 May 2009). "Jonah Hill Talks 21 Jump Street Remake Movie". Fused Film. 

External links[edit]