|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Trade names||Altabax, Altargo|
|Licence data||EMA: , US FDA:|
|Pregnancy cat.||B (US)|
|Legal status||POM (UK) ℞-only (US)|
|Mol. mass||517.77 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Retapamulin is a topical antibiotic developed by GlaxoSmithKline. It is the first drug in the new class of pleuromutilin antibiotics to be approved for human use. It is marketed as an ointment under the brand names Altabax and Altargo.
Retapamulin was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in April 2007 for the treatment of bacterial skin infections such as impetigo. In May 2007, retapamulin received approval in the EU from the European Medicines Agency for the same indication.
Mechanism of action
Retapamulin is an antibacterial agent, specifically a protein synthesis inhibitor. The medication selectively inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by interacting at a site on the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome through an interaction that differs from other antibiotics.
Systemic exposure following topical application through intact skin is low.
None yet reported.
The most common reported adverse reaction was irritation at the application site.
- Jones R, Fritsche T, Sader H, Ross J (2006). "Activity of retapamulin (SB-275833), a novel pleuromutilin, against selected resistant gram-positive cocci". Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50 (7): 2583–6. doi:10.1128/AAC.01432-05. PMC 1489758. PMID 16801451.
- Borrza, S., Philippi, E., ed. (2007). Physicians' Desk Reference (7) (62 ed.). pp. 1318–20. ISBN 1-56363-660-3.