Revolution Muslim is a radical Islamist organization based in New York City that advocates the establishment of a traditionalist Islamic state, the removal of the current rulers in Muslim-majority nations, censorship of images and words they consider anti-Islamic, the destruction of Israel, and an end to what they consider "Western imperialism". It was founded in 2007 by two American men, one of them Jewish, who had converted to Islam when young and become radicalized. The group and its website came under scrutiny for its anti-Western rhetoric promoted on its website and in literature it distributes, and for endorsing the actions of al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. They are opposed to depictions of Muhammad.
They operated both on their website "RevolutionMuslim.com" and through street preaching and protests. They frequently protested outside the Islamic Cultural Center of New York, a moderate Muslim mosque.
The website was eventually shut down on November 2010, shortly after the arrest of one of the leaders. One of the leaders announced the group was reforming as a new organization called "Islam Policy", to be a think tank on Islamic issues. He was operating the website for Islam Policy from Morocco.
The group of 5–10 was co-founded in 2007 and run by American friends, Yousef al-Khattab (born Joseph Leonard Cohen) and Younes Abdullah Mohammed (Jesse Morton), who said their spiritual leader was Abdullah al-Faisal. A Muslim from Jamaica, he served five years in prison in Britain for incitement to terrorism. He was deported to Jamaica from Kenya, for what its government said were efforts to recruit foreign fighters for the terrorist group, al-Shabab.
Khattab is a New Yorker from Queens who grew up in a secular Jewish family. He lived in Israel for a time, where he attended an Orthodox rabbinical school. After his return to New York, he converted to Islam about 2000. he is said to have worked driving a taxi, operating a pedicab, or running a restaurant. At that time, he took the Arab name, Yousef al-Khattab.
Morton, a Columbia University graduate, was a friend of Cohen's. As he embraced Islam, he took the name Younes Abdullah Mohammed. The group promoted propaganda against the United States, Jews, Israel and others on its website, including moderate Muslims, but the leaders were careful to stay within the confines of free speech protected under the constitution. The website was largely run by member Jesse Curtis Morton, aka Younes Abdullah Mohammed, a New York resident, but other contributors were from outside New York.
In addition to propagandizing via the website and blogs, the group has distributed anti-Israeli literature and regularly protested outside moderate mosques in New York City. The mosques have called the police several times because of RM activities, but its members have not caused violence at the mosques. Legal and law enforcement officials in the US monitored the group, and described its activities at the time as protected by the First Amendment. The Anti-Defamation League has monitored the group and its members since 2006.
In December 2009, al-Khattab expressed support on the website for Nidal Malik Hasan, the US Army psychiatrist accused of the Fort Hood shooting in November of that year. The Department of Defense classified the events as "workplace violence", pending Hasan's court-martial. On December 12, 2009 al-Khattab posted a video on the group's website announcing that he had retired and was moving to Morocco, and that the group would be run by Abdullah as-Sayf Jones. According to a video Jones made, he was born David Scott Jones and grew up in Brevard County, Florida. He converted to Islam at the age of 16, taking the name Abdullah as-Sayf. After following the group online, in 2009, Jones moved to New York in 2009 and joined RM.
On April 2010, Abdullah as-Sayf Jones publicly left the group; he announced having become a practitioner of Shia Islam. He has since spoken out frequently against Revolution Muslim and radical extremism. He has counseled Muslim youths against being attracted to extremist organizations.
In April 2010, Revolution Muslim posted a statement on its blog from Anwar al-Awlaki, a prominent American-Yemeni cleric then in hiding in Yemen. US officials have alleged that he was connected to various terrorists, including the 9/11 hijackers and the Christmas Day 2009 bomber. The Fort Hood shooter had communicated with him when doing research on Muslims in the American military. Alwaki said in that statement, "America cannot and will not win. The tables have turned and there is no rolling back of the worldwide Jihad movement."
Mia Bloom, a political science professor at the Pennsylvania State University’s International Center for the Study of Terrorism, says Revolution Muslim may look like amateurs when compared with other extremist websites, but is still a threat. She has studied the process of its attracting dissidents to the website. "It may lead people who become radicalized by it to turn to other, more dangerous Web sites,” such as those run by terrorist organizations, she said, or to terrorist actions. She characterized the RM message as “narrow” and “misinformed” about Islam.
"[It is] an extreme fringe group that has absolutely no credibility within the Muslim community, they also cuss you out. In fact, most Muslims suspect they were set up only to make Muslims look bad. We just have very deep suspicions. They say such outrageous, irresponsible things that it almost seems like they're doing it to smear Islam."
Law enforcement organizations followed the website to keep track of posters and others attracted to it. Colleen LaRose, also known as "Jihad Jane", said she was an online follower of Revolution Muslim. The scholar Jarret Brachman, a specialist on terrorism and contributor to Foreign Policy magazine, said she was the type of person fascinated by jihad but not belonging to a terrorist organization; he coined the term "jihobbyist" for such people in his 2008 study of global terrorism. He noted such activists may be motivated to take part in violence while not knowing much about the religion.
In November 2009 CNN published an interview about the organization and a video of Revolution Muslim protest activities from their website, which showed Younes Abdullah Mohammed saying, that U.S. troops were "legitimate targets – until America changes its nature in the international arena." He said that Osama bin Laden was a role model. CNN aired the previously scheduled program the evening after the Fort Hood shootings; no connection has been made between the Revolution Muslim statements and the shooting. Nidal Malik Hasan, the US Army psychiatrist charged in the shootings, was not a follower of the website.
Revolution Muslim wrote threats on its website against Matt Stone and Trey Parker, the creators of the TV cartoon series, South Park, because one of their episodes depicted the Prophet Muhammad in a way they described as insulting. Zachary Adam Chesser, under his user name of Abu Talhah al-Amrikee, wrote the threat and had been active in posting other inflammatory material on the website. The Revolution Muslim website threatened the two men with violent retaliation and listed the addresses of both Comedy Central's New York office and Stone and Parker's production office in Los Angeles.
The 20-year-old Chesser had a history over nearly two years of publicizing terrorist propaganda under his Arab user name on websites and blogs, and promoting violence against non-Muslims. A resident of Fairfax County, Virginia, he may have converted to Islam (The Fairfax Times and the Washington Post have published differing accounts). Friends and acquaintances said that in 2009, he became more extremist, adopting increasingly conservative views and traditional Islamic dress, and promoting them for others.
In July 21, 2010 Chesser was arrested on federal terrorism charges. Earlier that month he had been barred from boarding a flight to Uganda; he intended to fly on to Somalia and join foreign "freedom fighters" with Al-Shabab. After the terrorist group claimed responsibility for bombing a World Cup semi-final in Uganda, Chesser called the FBI and said he wanted to report information on the group. He pleaded guilty to all charges in October 2010 and in February 2011 was sentenced to 25 years in prison.
Times Square car bomb 
On May 1, 2010, a failed car bomb attempt was discovered by the New York City Police Department near the eastern corner of 1 Astor Plaza, the headquarters of Comedy Central parent company Viacom. The New York Daily News reported that police were looking into a possible link between the attempted bombing and the threats against Comedy Central. It turned out to be an unrelated event by Faisal Shahzad, a naturalized American citizen with ties to the Pakistani Taliban. Shahzad was arrested, pleaded guilty to ten counts, and was sentenced to life in prison.
Revolution Muslim denied any involvement with the incident. Jesse Curtis Morton, aka Younes Abdullah Mohammed, the co-founder who still ran the group's website at the time, was in Times Square speaking out against President Barack Obama. But he said of the failed car bomb, "What do you think, I commanded somebody to blow up a building in the middle of Times Square? [...] It had nothing to do with the 'South Park' controversy. It was not an attack targeting Viacom."
Hacking and closure 
In June 2010, Revolution Muslim's website was hacked and redirected to an offensive image of the Prophet Muhammed  The United States shut down the Revolution Muslim website in late 2010 due to its threats of violence made against British MPs; it posted the addresses of the MPs.
Chesser had been arrested in July 2010 and pleaded guilty to all federal charges, receiving a sentence of 25 years in prison. Mohammed (Morton) was arrested in 2011, convicted and sentenced in 2012 to more than ten years in prison.
Former members 
Prior to the closure of its website, most of the original members left the group from late 2009 to early 2010. Some have publicly denounced the organization, and Abdullah as-Sayf Jones has apologized for statements made as a member of RM.
Yousef Al Khattab (Joseph Cohen), a founder, left the organization in December 2009 and went to Morocco. From there he published statements critical of it and its leaders. He said it had become a haven for what he described as "Muslim misfits".
Abdullah as-Sayf Jones (David Scott Jones), is another former leader who has left and denounced the organization. Jones left for religious reasons, saying he had become observant of Sh'ia Islam. He realized that Islam was not all about hate. He later explained in a collection of online posts that he was concerned with the direction of RM and did not want to be part of it. Today he actively speaks against organizations such as Revolution Muslim and works with Muslim youth to keep them from being attracted to extremist groups.
He had a series of online debates with Jesse Curtis Morton, aka Younes Abdullah Muhammad, who fled from New York to Morocco in November 2010. Morton was arrested in Morocco in 2011 and tried in federal district court in Alexandria, Virginia, for soliciting murder through the Revolution Muslim website, as he was part of the threats against the South Park creators and published addresses related to them. He pleaded guilty to three charges.
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