Royal Insurance Building, Liverpool

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Royal Insurance Building
Royal Insurance Building Liverpool.jpg
Royal Insurance Building
Location 1–9 North John Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, England
Coordinates 53°24′27″N 2°59′21″W / 53.4074°N 2.9893°W / 53.4074; -2.9893Coordinates: 53°24′27″N 2°59′21″W / 53.4074°N 2.9893°W / 53.4074; -2.9893
OS grid reference SJ 343 905
Built 1896–1903
Built for Royal Insurance Company
Architect James F. Doyle
Architectural style(s) Neo-Baroque
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated 28 June 1952
Reference no. 1070582
Royal Insurance Building, Liverpool is located in Liverpool
Royal Insurance Building, Liverpool
Location in Liverpool

The Royal Insurance Building is located at 1–9 North John Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It was built as the head office of the Royal Insurance Company, but became disused in the late 1980s. Its condition deteriorated so much that it was placed on English Heritage's Buildings at Risk Register. Plans have been approved for its conversion into a hotel.

History[edit]

The building was constructed between 1896 and 1903 as the head office of the Royal Insurance Company. The design was the result of a competition won by James F. Doyle. The assessor for the competition was Norman Shaw, who was retained as an advisory architect for the project, but it is uncertain what part he played in it.[1] The building is constructed around a steel frame, and is one of the earliest uses of this technique.[1][2] It ceased to be used by the late 1980s, and its condition deteriorated so much that it was placed on the Buildings at Risk Register of English Heritage. In 2013 its freehold was bought by Liverpool City Council, and there are plans to convert it into a hotel.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Constructed around a steel frame, the building is in Portland stone, with a granite basement and ground floor.[2] Its architecture is described as "sumptious Neo-Baroque on the grandest scale".[1] The building is in four storeys with a basement and an attic. Its long front on North John Street has eleven bays, with three bays on Dale Street. The ground floor and basement are rusticated. The windows are three-light sash windows with round heads. Those on the first floor have Gibbs surrounds and iron balconies. In the second and third floors the windows are recessed behind a Doric colonnade and entablature. In the attic are dormers. Some of these have architraves, keystones, and either segmental or triangular pediments; the others are flat-topped and contain casement windows. The entrance is on the second bay from the left in North John Street. The doorway has Doric columns and is round-headed. The first floor contains a round-headed window surrounded by a portico with a broken segmental pediment containing carved figures. Above this bay rises a three-stage campanile bearing an octagonal cupola with a gilded dome. On the Dale Street façade is a Venetian window.[2] The second floor contains a frieze designed by C. J. Allen depicting themes relating to insurance.[1] At the corners of this front are octagonal turrets with cupolas and finials. Between the turrets at attic level are three round-headed windows with rusticated Ionic pilasters, an entablature, and an iron balcony.[2]

The interior contains the former General Office on the ground floor which, because of the steel frame, is free from any columns. Above this, the former Board Room has a tunnel vault. Both rooms are decorated with stucco in 17th-century style.[1] The building is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[2]

There is an earlier Royal Insurance Building, dating from 1839, in nearby Queen Avenue, also Grade II* listed.[4]

See also[edit]

Architecture of Liverpool

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 328, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  2. ^ a b c d e English Heritage, "Royal Insurance Building (1070582)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 22 August 2011 
  3. ^ Liverpool Royal Insurance building to be turned into hotel, BBC, 19 April 2013, retrieved 12 September 2013 
  4. ^ English Heritage

External links[edit]