Russell cord is a corded fabric made with a cotton warp and worsted filling; two warp ends are woven together to form the cord. The cord lines run warpwise. It can be woven using 40% cotton and 60% wool (or similar compositions depending on weaver). It is mainly used in the making of quality black academical dress, as well as clerical dress and legal dress in the United Kingdom. It is woven using thicker strands so is heavier than princetta.
Russell cord is a hardwearing fabric and generally keeps its shape for many years, unlike cotton or polyester which creases easily.
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, 7th edition.
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