Sîngerei District

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Sîngerei
District (Raion)
Flag of Sîngerei
Flag
Coat of arms of Sîngerei
Coat of arms
Location of Sîngerei
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Sângerei stema.jpg Sîngerei
Government
 • Raion President Gheorghe Meaun (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 1,033 km2 (399 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 93,200
 • Density 90.2/km2 (234/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 262
Area code(s) +373 62
Car plates SG
Website http://www.singerei.md

Sîngerei is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the north of Moldova, with the administrative center at Sîngerei. The other major city is Biruinţa. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 93,400.

Between 1944 and 1991, Sîngerei district was called Lazovsky District.

History[edit]

Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are Coşcodeni, Drăgăneşti, Tăura Veche, these being attested for the first time during 1508-1536. District administrative center Sîngerei is first documented on 17 May 1586. In the following centuries there is a development of trade, culture and an important increase in population. In 1812 the Treaty of Bucharest, Basarabia is occupied by the Russian Empire for a period of a century (1812-1917). After the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, in 1918 Basarabia decide union with the motherland Romania, so the region today forming part of the Bălţi County (1918-1944). Is again occupied Basarabia in 1940 after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, this time the USSR. The territorial-administrative, certified as the district Lazovsky District (Sîngerei), was established on 11 November 1940 following a decision by the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR, a few months after Russian troops entered the area between the Prut and Nistru. Initially, the entering only a part of current locations, the other belonging Chişcăreni district, which later merged Singerei district. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Balti County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Singerei district is located in the north of Moldova has neighborhood the Drochia District in north, east Floreşti District, Ungheni District in the southwest district, Teleneşti District south, west Făleşti District and Bălţi municipality in northwest. Geographically, it situated in Balti steppe and is a hilly plain. Erosion process with low intensity. Maximum altitude between 190–240 meters in district.

Climate[edit]

District has a temperate-continental climate with an increase in summer (21-21.5 C) and winter (-4.5-5 c). 450–550 mm annual amount of precipitation. Average wind speed 3–5 m/s.

Fauna[edit]

Mainly steppe fauna is represented by: hare, hedgehog, fox, deer, wild boar, raccoon dog, badger less wolf and red deer. Of birds: stork, egrets, quail, heron, steppe eagle, crow, nightingale and others.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 10.9% of the district and are the parts: oak, ash, hornbeam, hazel, acacia and other trees. Plant: denial, fescue, bells, clover, knotweed, mugwort and others.

Rivers[edit]

District is located in the Nistru river basin, crosses the river Răut (286 km) the largest tributary of the Nistru, with its tributaries: Soloneţ, Ciulcul de Mijloc, Cubolta (102 km). Most lakes are of natural origin, but are rich in fish.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 93,200 of which 20.1% urban and 79.9% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 1134 (12.1 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1124 (12.0 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): 10 (0.1 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 75,301 86.40%
Ukrainians 8,456 9.70%
Russians 3,029 3.48%
Gypsies 56 0.06%
Poles 48 0.06%
Gagauzians 47 0.05%
Bulgarians 43 0.05%
Others 173 0.20%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

In the district are registered, a total of 6525 companies. The share of agricultural land is 54,981 ha (53.2%) total land area. Arable land occupies 49 757 ha (48.2%) of the total agricultural land, orchards plantations - 2901 ha (2.8%), vineyards occupy 1249 ha (1.2%), pastures - 19,020 ha (18.4%), other - 2658 ha (2.6%). Agriculture is the main branch of economy grow: cereals (wheat, barley, oats), vegetables, tobacco, sunflower, sugar beet, in orchards: apple, plum, pear, cherry and others.

Education[edit]

The district Singerei working 53 educational institutions, including schools - 10, secondary schools - 1, gymnasium - 33 primary schools - 6, special schools - one, polyvalent vocational schools - 2.

Politics[edit]

Singerei district is a district with a percentage of centre-right party present here AEI usually get positive results, and PCRM are in a continuous fall. During 2001-2009, the district was a predominantly communist (over 50%).

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 101.9%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 55.30% 21,279 38.31% 14,744
July 2009 52.60% 19,159 43.43% 15,598
April 2009 29.39% 10,539 54.77% 19,640

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Singerei District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 14,744 38.31 −5.12
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 11,037 28.68 +11.71
Democratic Party of Moldova 7,399 19,23 -0.86
Liberal Party 2,071 5.38 −3.98
Party Alliance Our Moldova 772 2.01 −4.17
European Action Movement 772 2.01 +2.01
Other Party 1,701 4.38 +0.41
Total (turnout 57.37%) 38,814 100.00


Culture[edit]

Working in the district Singerei: 180 artistic groups, 21 bands holding the title of the band model, public libraries - 48, houses of culture - 48.

Health[edit]

The district Singerei works: Singerei district hospital with general fund of 280 beds, a center of family doctors in the composition of which are 17 family physician offices, nine health centers, 30 health points.

Personalities[edit]

Coordinates: 47°40′N 28°10′E / 47.667°N 28.167°E / 47.667; 28.167