Cahul District

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Cahul
District (Raion)
Coat of arms of Cahul
Coat of arms
Location of Cahul
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Cahul
Established 23 December 1964, 2002
Government
 • Raion President Avram Micinschi (PCRM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 1,546 km2 (597 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 124,900
 • Density 80.8/km2 (209/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cahul_District&action=edit)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 299
Area code(s) +373 39
Car plates CH
Website http://www.cahul.md

Cahul is a district (Romanian: raion) in the south of Moldova, with the administrative center at Cahul.[1] According to the GeoNames geographical database, the population of Cahul is 34,492.[2]

History[edit]

The district has been inhabited since the Stone Age (50-45.000 BC). Two ancient settlements were founded around 1300 BC; archaeologists have found items belonging to the Bronze Age (15th-13th centuries BC). According to estimates of specialists, another village was established here around 300-400 BC. That has been confirmed by the remains of houses burned and the fragments of clay pots. Archaeological monuments recorded a settlement arising from employment of Dacia in the Roman Empire and devastated by the Huns in 376. The presence of nomads in these places is attested by the four burial mounds.

Localities with the earliest documented attestation are Crihana Veche, Manta, Valeni, Slobozia Mare, and Larga Veche; they were documented for the first time in 1425-1447. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the economy developed in agriculture, winery, and trade, along with an increase in population. On August 1, 1770, near Cahul lake, the Battle of Cahul took place (Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774). It was the most important land battle of the Russo-Turkish War and one of the largest battles of the 18th century. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War, there was an intense russification of the native population during the occupation of Basarabia by the Russian Empire during this period (1812–1856, 1878–1917). Between 1813 and 1850, the Tsarist government colonized some of the region with Russians, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, and Gagauz. These ethnic groups now constitute 21% of the population of the district.

In 1856-1878, the district became part of Romania after the Crimean War. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania (1918–1940, 1941–1944); the district was the center of Cahul County. In 1940, after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia was occupied by the USSR. In 1991, as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, Cahul County was integrated into this country (1991–2003). In 2003, Cahul became an administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Physical map of Cahul District

Cahul district is located in the southern part of the Republic of Moldova. The district is located in the extreme southern point of Moldova in Giurgiulesti village. Cantemir District is in the north, Gagauzia in the northeast, Taraclia District in the east, the border of Ukraine in the south and Romania in the west. The land is made up of hilly plains with variations in altitude from 230–240 m in the north (Plateau Tigheci), and 5–10 m near the Danube. There is a mild amount of Erosion.[clarification needed]

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate continental. The region is considered the most arid and hottest in Moldova. Temperatures are 2-3 C higher than the other regions. The amount of precipitation during the year is uneven (400–550 mm) and there are often periods of drought.

Fauna[edit]

Animal life includes typical European steppe fauna, with the presence of mammals, such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Birds include partridges, crows, eagles, starling and swallow.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 11.5% of the district. They are made up of tree species such as acacia, oak, ash, hornbeam, linden, maple and walnut. Other plant life includes wormwood, denial, knotweed, fescue and nettle.

Rivers[edit]

The hydrographic network is based on the Prut River and the Danube River, which forms meadows, ponds, natural lakes. The two biggest natural lakes in Moldova are in this region, Manta (21 km2) and Beleu (11 km2). An area of 1,200 meters is accessible from the Danube to the Black Sea, and basins of Central and Eastern Europe.

Administrative sundivisions[edit]

  • Localities: 56
  • Administrative center: Cahul
  • Cities: Cahul
  • Villages: 18
  • Communes: 37

Demographics[edit]

As of 1 January 2012, the district population was 124,900, of which 31.9% was urban and 68.1% was rural.

  • Births (2010): 1524 (12.2 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1466 (11.7 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): 58 (0.5 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 93,096 78.08%
Ukrainians 7,842 6.58%
Russians 7,702 6.46%
Bulgarians 5,816 4.88%
Gagauzians 3,665 3.07%
Gypsies 237 0.20%
Others 873 0.72%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

In terms of economic development, Cahul district is characterized by the development of industries based primarily on various raw materials. There are 11 private wineries and 8 bakeries. In the cheese industry, there is a factory, collecting cereal and processing vegetables and fruit. Light industry is present in two garment factories (SA Tricon and Laboratorio Tessala Mol SRL). Building materials are present in plant and plant ceramsite concrete. Agriculture is the main branch of the district. Of the total 154,600 ha, 64% is agricultural land. The largest share of arable land is: 81%, perennial plantations. 18% incumbent, and 1% vegetable plantations.

Education[edit]

The total number of educational institutions is 129. The total number of students in schools is 23,059, in colleges is 1,450, in vocational schools is 776, in universities is 2,547, and in sports schools is 585.

Culture[edit]

There are four museums, 85 bands, 25 with the title of model, 47 houses of culture, and 48 libraries.

Politics[edit]

Cahul district has mainly right-wing parties. In Moldova, Cahul is represented by the AEI. The PCRM has had a continuous fall in percentage the last three elections

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 43.2%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 54.80% 29,838 37.77% 20,568
July 2009 57.76% 30,787 38.36% 20,447
April 2009 41.22% 20,840 42.69% 21,582

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Cahul District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 20,568 37.77 −0.59
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 18,002 33.06 +9.54
Democratic Party of Moldova 6,347 11,66 +1.00
Liberal Party 4,911 9.02 −6.69
European Action Movement 1,223 2.25 +2.25
Party Alliance Our Moldova 578 1.06 -6.63
Other Party 2,840 5.18 +1.30
Total (turnout 57.84%) 54,824 100.00


Health[edit]

Cahul district has a hospital with 500 beds, a center of family doctors, 28 family doctors' offices, 9 health centers and 12 medical points.

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cahul.org". Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Cahul Population". Retrieved March 22, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°50′N 28°20′E / 45.833°N 28.333°E / 45.833; 28.333