San Diu people

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Sán Dìu people

Người Sán Dìu (𠊛)
Total population
146,821[1]
Regions with significant populations
Northern Vietnam
Languages
Cantonese Chinese, Vietnamese
Religion
Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism
Taoism, Catholicism and Evangelicalism
Related ethnic groups
Yao people

The Sán Dìu (also known as San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat and Man Quan Coc; Chinese: 山由族; pinyin: Shān yóu zú; Cantonese Yale: Sanyau Juk; Chữ nôm: 𠊛; Vietnamese alphabet: Người Sán Dìu) is a Yao ethnic group in northern Vietnam but they speak (Cantonese) Chinese. Although Vietnamese government classifies San Diu as an independent group, San Diu people are originally a part of Chinese people in Vietnam. They are believed to have migrated from Guangdong of China around 1600.

The group's estimated population as of 2000 was 117,500; a 2009 estimate put the number at 146,821.[1] They speak a variant of Cantonese Chinese, and it is suggested that some still speak Iu Mien.[citation needed] The major religions are Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism, with elements of animism and veneration of the dead. About 400 are adherents of the Catholic Church; a few are evangelical Protestants. This ethnic group is mainly concentrated in Quảng Ninh Province.

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