San Pedro de Atacama

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San Pedro de Atacama
Town and Commune
San Pedro de Atacama at the edge of the Salar de Atacama
San Pedro de Atacama at the edge of the Salar de Atacama
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of San Pedro de Atacama commune in Antofagasta Region
Map of San Pedro de Atacama commune in Antofagasta Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
San Pedro de Atacama
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 22°55′S 68°12′W / 22.917°S 68.200°W / -22.917; -68.200Coordinates: 22°55′S 68°12′W / 22.917°S 68.200°W / -22.917; -68.200
Country Chile
Region Antofagasta
Province El Loa
Founded approx. 1450
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Sandra Berna Martínez
Area[1]
 • Total 23,438.8 km2 (9,049.8 sq mi)
Elevation 2,407 m (7,900 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total 3,899
 • Density 0.17/km2 (0.43/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,938
 • Rural 3,031
Sex[1]
 • Men 2,928
 • Women 2,041
Time zone CLT [2] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [3] (UTC-3)
Area code(s) (+56) 5
Website Municipalidad San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama is a Chilean town and commune in El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region. It is located east of Antofagasta, some 106 km (60 mi) southeast of Calama and the Chuquicamata copper mine, overlooking the Licancabur volcano. It features a significant archeological museum, the R. P. Gustavo Le Paige Archaeological Museum, with a large collection of relics and artifacts from the region. Native ruins nearby now attract increasing numbers of tourists interested in learning about pre-Columbian cultures. Tourists also visit for other popular activities including sandboarding and stargazing, with the views of the stars from the Atacama unrivalled across the continent.

History[edit]

San Pedro de Atacama grew, over centuries, around an oasis in the Puna de Atacama, an arid high plateau. Its first inhabitants were the Atacameños, who developed basketworks and ceramic pottery crafts that can be now be appreciated by tourists in the several souvenir shops as typical products of San Pedro de Atacama.[4]

It was part of Bolivia since independence until Chile claimed ownership during the War of the Pacific

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, San Pedro de Atacama had 4,969 inhabitants (2,928 men and 2,041 women). Of these, 1,938 (39%) lived in urban areas and 3,031 (61%) in rural areas. The population grew by 75.6% (2,140 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[1]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, San Pedro de Atacama is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Sandra Berna Martínez.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, San Pedro de Atacama is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Marcos Espinosa (PRSD) and Felipe Ward (UDI) as part of the 3rd electoral district, (together with Tocopilla, María Elena, Calama and Ollagüe). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alejandro Guillier Álvarez (PRSD) and Pedro Araya Guerrero (Ind.) as part of the 2nd senatorial constituency (Antofagasta Region).

Climate[edit]

The town lies at an average of 7,900 feet (2,400 m), and visitors often experience mild altitude sickness such as dizziness, lethargy and headaches.[5] The local climate is extremely dry and mild, with daytime temperatures between 25–30 degrees Celsius (77–86 degrees Fahrenheit) in the summer (December to February) and 18–25 °C (64–77 °F) in the winter (June to August). Nighttime temperatures routinely drop below 0 °C (32 °F) and can reach as low as −10 °C (14 °F) in the winter.

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as cold desert (BWk)[6] for an isotherm of the mean yearly temperature of lower than 18 °C (64 °F), or as a hot desert (BWh) for an isotherm of the coldest month's mean temperature of 0 °C (32 °F) or lower.

Climate data for San Pedro de Atacama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23
(73)
21.3
(70.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.2
(61.2)
16.4
(61.5)
17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
22
(72)
23.2
(73.8)
23.9
(75)
20.94
(69.69)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
16.8
(62.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.9
(57)
11
(52)
8.2
(46.8)
8.4
(47.1)
9.8
(49.6)
12.4
(54.3)
14.1
(57.4)
15.5
(59.9)
16.4
(61.5)
13.29
(55.93)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
9.9
(49.8)
8.9
(48)
6.5
(43.7)
3.2
(37.8)
0.3
(32.5)
0.5
(32.9)
1.7
(35.1)
4.3
(39.7)
6.2
(43.2)
7.8
(46)
9
(48)
5.69
(42.23)
Precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
5
(0.2)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
42
(1.67)
Avg. rainy days 11 11 8 3 0 0 0 1 1 3 5 10 53
Mean daily sunshine hours 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 8.4
Source #1: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 2435m)[6]
Source #2: Weather2Travel for rainy days and sunshine[7]

Transportation[edit]

San Pedro lies on the main paved road from Argentina over the Paso de Jama, 160 km from the town. The road is paved throughout. There are frequent bus services to Calama, several buses daily to Santiago and buses on 6 days a week to Salta across the Andes in Argentina.

Tourism[edit]

There are various activities for tourist and adventurers in the San Pedro de Atacama area: trekking, climbing, archaeological sightings, exploration tours in natural landscapes and even sand boarding in the desert. Because of its altitude, a brief period of acclimatization may be required.

Sights in town[edit]

In the town are some cultural sites:

Outlying sights[edit]

Holidays and festivals in San Pedro de Atacama[edit]

The festivals includes typical dances, masses in the street and a little parade through the main street of San Pedro de Atacama.[4]

  • June 28 - Saint Peter
  • June 29 - Saint Paul

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 9 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". Worldtimezones.org. Retrieved 9 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "San Pedro de Atacama". Letsgochile.com. 
  5. ^ Cymerman, A; Rock, PB. Medical Problems in High Mountain Environments. A Handbook for Medical Officers. USARIEM-TN94-2. US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division Technical Report. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Climate: San Pedro de Atacama - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  7. ^ "San Pedro de Atacama Climate and Weather Averages, Chile". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 

External links[edit]