Sedan, Ardennes

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For other uses of Sedan, see Sedan (disambiguation).
Sedan
FR-08-Sedan03.JPG
Coat of arms of Sedan
Coat of arms
Sedan is located in France
Sedan
Sedan
Coordinates: 49°42′09″N 4°56′28″E / 49.70250°N 4.9411°E / 49.70250; 4.9411Coordinates: 49°42′09″N 4°56′28″E / 49.70250°N 4.9411°E / 49.70250; 4.9411
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Sedan
Canton 3 cantons
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Didier Herbillon
Area
 • Land1 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 19,219
 • Population2 density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08409 / 08200
Elevation 149–301 m (489–988 ft)
(avg. 157 m or 515 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Crown Prince Parade

Sedan (French pronunciation: ​[sə.dɑ̃]) is a commune in France, a sub-prefecture of the Ardennes department in northern France.

Geography[edit]

The historic centre is built on a peninsula formed by an arc of the Meuse River. It is around 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the Belgian border.

History[edit]

Sedan was founded in 1424. In the sixteenth century Sédan was an asylum for Protestant refugees from the Wars of Religion.

Until 1651, the Principality of Sedan belonged to the La Tour d'Auvergne family. It was at that time a sovereign principality. Their most illustrious representative, Marshal Turenne, was born at Sedan on 11 September 1611. With help from the Holy Roman Empire, it managed to defeat France at the Battle of La Marfée, though immediately afterwards it was besieged and its prince, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, submitted to France. Only a year after that submission, it was annexed to France in return for sparing his life after he became involved in a conspiracy against France.

During the Franco-Prussian War, on 2 September 1870 the French emperor Napoleon III was taken prisoner with 100,000 of his soldiers at the First Battle of Sedan. Due to this major victory, which also made the unification of Germany possible, 2 September was declared "Sedan Day" (Sedantag) and a national German holiday in 1871. It remained a holiday until 1919.

Sedan was occupied by the Germans for four years during World War I.[1] On 13 November 1917, parading the 13th Infantry Division over the course of "d'Alsace-Lorraine" by Crown Prince.

During World War II the German troops first invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River by winning the Second Battle of Sedan that lasted from 12 to 15 May 1940. This battle allowed them to win the whole Battle of France as they not only bypassed the French fortification system, the Maginot Line, but it also enabled them to entrap the Allied Forces that were advancing east into Belgium, as part of the Allied Dyle Plan strategy.

Points of interest[edit]

Castle[edit]

Main article: Château de Sedan

Today Sedan is known for its castle, that is claimed to be the largest fortified medieval castle in Europe with a total area of 30,000 square metres (36,000 sq yd) on seven levels.[citation needed] Construction started in 1424 and the castle's defences were constantly improved over the ages. It is the only remaining part of the once enormous fortifications in and around the town.

Other points of interest[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 12,033 —    
1800 10,634 −11.6%
1806 10,838 +1.9%
1821 12,123 +11.9%
1831 13,806 +13.9%
1836 14,536 +5.3%
1841 15,585 +7.2%
1846 14,635 −6.1%
1851 16,759 +14.5%
1866 13,793 −17.7%
1872 14,039 +1.8%
1876 16,593 +18.2%
1881 19,556 +17.9%
1886 19,306 −1.3%
1891 20,292 +5.1%
1896 20,163 −0.6%
1901 19,349 −4.0%
1906 19,599 +1.3%
1911 19,516 −0.4%
1921 17,509 −10.3%
1926 18,298 +4.5%
1931 18,908 +3.3%
1936 18,559 −1.8%
1946 13,514 −27.2%
1954 17,637 +30.5%
1962 20,336 +15.3%
1968 23,837 +17.2%
1975 25,995 +9.1%
1982 24,977 −3.9%
1990 22,667 −9.2%
1999 21,548 −4.9%
2008 19,219 −10.8%

Economy[edit]

A centre of cloth production, begun under the patronage of Cardinal Mazarin, supported the town until the late nineteenth century.

Personalities[edit]

The following notable people lived there:

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "First World War". Wir-rheinlaender.lvr.de. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 

External references[edit]

External links[edit]