Shaw Prize is an annual award first presented by the Shaw Prize Foundation in 2004. Established in 2002 in Hong Kong, it honours living "individuals who are currently active in their respective fields and who have recently achieved distinguished and significant advances, who have made outstanding contributions in academic and scientific research or applications, or who in other domains have achieved excellence. The award is dedicated to furthering societal progress, enhancing quality of life, and enriching humanity's spiritual civilization." The prize, widely regarded as the "Nobel of the East", [1 ] [2 ] [3 ] [4 ] is named after Sir [5 ] Run Run Shaw (邵逸夫), a leader in the Hong Kong media industry and a long-time philanthropist.
The prize is for recent achievements in the fields of
astronomy, life science and medicine, and mathematical sciences; it is not awarded posthumously. Nominations are submitted by invited individuals beginning each year in September. The award winners are then announced in the summer, and receive the prize at the ceremony in early autumn. The winners receive a medal and a certificate. The front of the medal bears a portrait of Shaw as well as the [1 ] English and the Traditional Chinese name of the prize; the back bears the year, the category, the name of the winner and a Chinese quotation of philosopher Xun Zi (制天命而用之, which means "Grasp the law of nature and make use of it"). In addition, the winner receives a sum of money, which is worth [6 ] US$1 million as of 2008. [1 ] [7 ]
As of 2012, 28 prizes have been awarded to 48 individuals. The inaugural winner for the Astronomy award was Canadian
P. James E. Peebles; he was honoured for his contributions to cosmology. Two inaugural prizes were awarded for the Life Science and Medicine category: Americans Stanley N. Cohen, Herbert W. Boyer and Yuet-Wai Kan jointly won one of the prizes for their works pertaining to DNA while British physiologist Sir Richard Doll won the other for his contribution to cancer epidemiology. Shiing-Shen Chern of China won the inaugural Mathematical Sciences award for his work on differential geometry.
Of note, six of the
Nobel laureates— Jules A. Hoffmann, Bruce A. Beutler, Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess, Shinya Yamanaka and Brian P. Schmidt—were previous laureates of the Shaw Prize.
Selection Committees [ edit ]
Board of Adjudicators :
Chen-Ning Yang, Kenneth Young, Peter Goldreich, Yuet Wai Kan, Peter Sarnak
Peter Goldreich, Reinhard Genzel, Douglas N. C. Lin, Ramesh Narayan, Adam G. Riess
Life Science and Medicine :
Yuet Wai Kan, Bruce Beutler, Günter Blobel, Linda Buck, Tim Hunt, Tony Hunter, Randy Schekman
Mathematical Sciences :
Peter Sarnak, Tony Chan, Yakov Eliashberg, Sir Timothy Gowers, Claire Voisin
Shaw Prize laureates [ edit ]
Astronomy [ edit ]
Peebles, P. James E. P. James E. Peebles
Canada for his contributions to
[8 ] [9 ]
Marcy, Geoffrey Geoffrey Marcy
United States for their contributions that led to the discovery of
[10 ] [11 ]
Mayor, Michel Michel Mayor
Perlmutter, Saul Saul Perlmutter
United States for finding the expansion rate of the
accelerating universe and the energy density of space
[12 ] [13 ]
Riess, Adam Adam Riess
Schmidt, Brian Brian Schmidt
Goldreich, Peter Peter Goldreich
United States for his achievements in theoretical
astrophysics and planetary sciences
[14 ] [15 ]
Genzel, Reinhard Reinhard Genzel
Germany for demonstrating that the
Milky Way's centre contains a supermassive black hole
[16 ] [17 ]
Shu, Frank H. (徐遐生) Frank H. Shu
United States for his lifelong contributions to
[18 ] [19 ]
Bennett, Charles L. Charles L. Bennett
United States for their contributions to the
Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe experiment, which helps to determine the geometry, age and composition of the universe
Page Jr., Lyman A. Lyman A. Page Jr.
Spergel, David N. David N. Spergel
Costa, Enrico Enrico Costa
Italy for their leadership of space missions that enabled the demonstration of the cosmological origin of gamma ray bursts, the brightest sources known in the universe.
Fishman, Gerald J. Gerald J. Fishman
Jewitt, David David Jewitt
United States for their discovery and characterization of trans-Neptunian bodies, an archeological treasure dating back to the formation of the solar system and the long-sought source of short period comets.
Luu, Jane Jane Luu
Balbus, Steven A. Steven A. Balbus
United States for their discovery and study of the magnetorotational instability, and for demonstrating that this instability leads to turbulence and is a viable mechanism for angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks.
Hawley, John F. John F. Hawley
Eisenstein, Daniel Daniel Eisenstein
United States for their contributions to the measurements of features in the large-scale structure of galaxies used to constrain the cosmological model including baryon acoustic oscillations and redshift-space distortions.
Cole, Shaun Shaun Cole
Peacock, John A. John A. Peacock
Life science and medicine [ edit ]
Cohen, Stanley N. Stanley N. Cohen
United States for their contributions to
DNA cloning and genetic engineering
Boyer, Herbert W. Herbert W. Boyer
Kan, Yuet-Wai Yuet-Wai Kan
United States for his works on DNA
Sir Richard Doll
United Kingdom for his contributions to the
epidemiology of cancer
Sir Michael Berridge
United Kingdom for his works on
calcium signalling, a process that regulate the activity of cells
[10 ] [25 ]
Wang, Xiaodong Xiaodong Wang
United States for his works on
programmed cell death
[12 ] [26 ]
Lefkowitz, Robert Robert Lefkowitz
United States for his works on
G protein-coupled receptor
[14 ] [27 ]
Campbell, Keith H. S. Keith H. S. Campbell
United Kingdom for their works on the
cell differentiation in mammals, a process that advances our knowledge of developmental biology
Sir Ian Wilmut
Yamanaka, Shinya Shinya Yamanaka
Coleman, Douglas L. Douglas L. Coleman
United States for their discovery of
Friedman, Jeffrey M. Jeffrey M. Friedman
Julius, David David Julius
United States for his discovery of molecular mechanisms by which the skin senses painful stimuli
Hoffmann, Jules A. Jules A. Hoffmann
France for their discovery of the molecular mechanism of innate immunity, the first line of defense against pathogens.
Medzhitov, Ruslan M. Ruslan M. Medzhitov
Beutler, Bruce A. Bruce A. Beutler
Hartl, Franz-Ulrich Franz-Ulrich Hartl
Germany for their contributions to the understanding of the molecular mechanism of protein folding. Proper protein folding is essential for many cellular functions.
Horwich, Arthur Arthur Horwich
Hall, Jeffrey C. Jeffrey C. Hall
United States for their discovery of molecular mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms.
Rosbash, Michael Michael Rosbash
Young, Michael W. Michael W. Young
Mori, Kazutoshi Kazutoshi Mori
Japan for their discovery of the Unfolded Protein Response of the endoplasmic reticulum, a cell signalling pathway that controls organelle homeostasis and quality of protein export in eukaryotic cells.
Walter, Peter Peter Walter
Mathematical sciences [ edit ]
Chern, Shiing-Shen (陳省身) Shiing-Shen Chern
China for his initiation and pioneering of
global differential geometry
[8 ] [28 ]
Wiles, Andrew John Andrew John Wiles
United Kingdom for his
proof of Fermat's Last Theorem
[10 ] [29 ]
Mumford, David David Mumford
United States for his contributions to
pattern theory and vision research
[12 ] [30 ]
Wu, Wentsun (吳文俊) Wentsun Wu
China for his contributions to mathematics mechanisation
Langlands, Robert Robert Langlands
Canada for the development of the
Langlands program, a program that connects prime numbers with symmetry
[14 ] [31 ]
Taylor, Richard Richard Taylor
Arnold, Vladimir Vladimir Arnold
Russia for their contributions to
Faddeev, Ludwig Ludwig Faddeev
Donaldson, Simon K. Simon K. Donaldson
United Kingdom for their contributions to the geometry of 3 and
Taubes, Clifford H. Clifford H. Taubes
Bourgain, Jean Jean Bourgain
Belgium for his work in
mathematical analysis and its application to fields ranging from partial differential equations to theoretical computer science
Christodoulou, Demetrios Demetrios Christodoulou
Greece for their highly innovative works on nonlinear partial differential equations in Lorentzian and Riemannian geometry and their applications to general relativity and topology.
Hamilton, Richard S. Richard S. Hamilton
Kontsevich, Maxim Maxim Kontsevich
Russia for his pioneering works in algebra, geometry and mathematical physics and in particular deformation quantization, motivic integration and mirror symmetry.
Donoho, David L. David L. Donoho
United States for his profound contributions to modern mathematical statistics and in particular the development of optimal algorithms for statistical estimation in the presence of noise and of efficient techniques for sparse representation and recovery in large data-sets.
Lusztig, George George Lusztig
United States for his fundamental contributions to algebra, algebraic geometry, and representation theory, and for weaving these subjects together to solve old problems and reveal beautiful new connections.
The form and spelling of the names in the name column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. Alternative spellings and name forms, where they exist, are given at the articles linked from this column. a
The information in the country column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. This information may not necessarily reflect the recipient's birthplace or citizenship. b [32 ]
The rationale for each award is quoted (not always in full) from shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. c
Two prizes were awarded for the life science and medicine category in 2004: Stanley N. Cohen, Herbert W. Boyer and Yuet-Wai Kan jointly received one of the prizes (half went to Cohen and Boyer; the other half went to Kan). Richard Doll received the other prize. d [33 ] [34 ]
Half of the 2008 life science and medicine prize went to Keith H. S. Campbell and Ian Wilmut; the other half went to Shinya Yamanaka. e
References [ edit ]
^ a b c "Introduction". shawprize.org . Retrieved December 10, 2010.
^ "Jackson Laboratory scientist wins Shaw Prize, "Nobel of the East. The Jackson Laboratory. June 16, 2009 "" . Retrieved October 26, 2009.
^ "Berkeley Lab’s Saul Perlmutter Wins Shaw Prize in Astronomy". Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. June 21, 2006 . Retrieved November 20, 2009.
^ "$1 million ‘Nobel of the East’ awarded to Sir Michael Berridge, Emeritus Fellow at the Babraham Institute". Babraham Institute. July 18, 2005 . Retrieved November 20, 2009.
^ "Solana Beach: Astronomy researcher gets $1 million Shaw Prize". . June 17, 2009 North County Times . Retrieved November 20, 2009.
^ "Medal". shawprize.org . Retrieved December 10, 2010.
^ "Rules of Procedures" (PDF). shawprize.org . Retrieved December 10, 2010.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2004
^ "Shaw Prize awarded to six scientists". Government of Hong Kong. September 7, 2004 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2005
^ Sanders, Robert (September 1, 2005). "Planet hunter Geoffrey Marcy shares $1 million Shaw Prize in astronomy". UC Berkeley . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2006
^ "Berkeley physicist Perlmutter wins Shaw Prize for work on expansion of universe". UC Berkeley. June 22, 2006 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2007
^ "Caltech Astrophysicist Peter Goldreich Wins $1 Million International Shaw Prize". California Institute of Technology. June 12, 2007 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2008
^ Viñas, Maria José (June 10, 2008). "6 Professors to Share $1-Million Shaw Prizes". The Chronicle of Higher Education . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2009
^ Beja, Marc (June 16, 2009). "$1-Million Shaw Prizes Go to 5 Researchers". The Chronicle of Higher Education . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2010
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2011
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2012
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2013
^ a b c Shaw Prizes 2014
^ "$1 million ‘Nobel of the East’ awarded to Sir Michael Berridge, Emeritus Fellow at the Babraham Institute". Babraham Institute. July 18, 2005 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "Xiaodong Wang Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize". Howard Hughes Medical Institute. June 22, 2006 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "Robert J. Lefkowitz Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize". Howard Hughes Medical Institute. June 12, 2007 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ Sanders, Robert (December 6, 2004). "Renowned mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern, who revitalized the study of geometry, has died at 93 in Tianjin, China". UC Berkeley . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "Institute For Advanced Study Congratulates 2005 Shaw Prize Laureate Andrew Wiles". Institute for Advanced Study. June 7, 2005 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "UT Southwestern biochemist wins $1 million research prize for cell death, cancer insights". UT Southwestern Medical Center. June 21, 2006 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "Two Faculty Members Named 2007 Shaw Prize Laureates". Institute for Advanced Study. June 13, 2007 . Retrieved October 31, 2009.
^ "Shaw Laureates Chart (2004 – 2010)" (JPG). shawprize.org . Retrieved December 11, 2010.
^ "The Shaw Laureates (2004 – 2009)" (PDF). shawprize.org . Retrieved October 29, 2009.
^ "Press release of the 2004 Shaw Prize announcement". shawprize.org . Retrieved October 29, 2009.
External links [ edit ]