Other names: Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島
|NASA picture of Shikotan Island|
|Area||225 square kilometres (56,000 acres)|
|Highest point||Mount Tomari
412 metres (1,352 ft)
Shikotan (Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島; Ainu: シコタン or シコタヌ), also known as Shpanberg (after Martin Spangberg), is one of the bigger islands of the Kuril Islands, which are part of the Russian Federation. It is one of the four southernmost islands over which Japan maintains a claim. It is one of the islands (along with the Habomai Islands) which the Soviet Union agreed in 1956 to transfer to Japan in the event of a peace treaty between the two countries (such a peace treaty has never been concluded). The name of Shikotan derives from the Ainu language and means "the village proper" or "real town".
The total land area of Shikotan is 225 km². The island is hilly, averaging 300 metres in elevation. The shores of the island are very indented and covered with oceanic meadows. The highest altitude is 412 m. The island is formed by the volcanic rock and sandstone of the Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic periods. There are two extinct volcanoes on Shikotan: Mount Tomari and Mount Notoro.
- "Texts of Soviet–Japanese Statements; Peace Declaration Trade Protocol". The New York Times, page 2, October 20, 1956.
Moscow, October 19. (UP) – Following are the texts of a Soviet–Japanese peace declaration and of a trade protocol between the two countries, signed here today, in unofficial translation from the Russian
...The U.S.S.R. and Japan have agreed to continue, after the establishment of normal diplomatic relations between them, negotiations for the conclusion of a peace treaty. Hereby, the U.S.S.R., in response to the desires of Japan and taking into consideration the interest of the Japanese state, agrees to hand over to Japan the Habomai and the Shikotan Islands, provided that the actual changing over to Japan of these islands will be carried out after the conclusion of a peace treaty...
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