Other names: Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島
|NASA picture of Shikotan Island|
|Area||225 square kilometres (56,000 acres)|
|Highest point||Mount Tomari
412 metres (1,352 ft)
Shikotan (Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島; Ainu: シコタン or シコタヌ), also known as Shpanberg (after Martin Spangberg), is one of the bigger islands of the Kuril Islands, which are part of the Russian Federation. It is one of the four southernmost islands which Japan maintains a claim for. It is one of the islands the Soviet Union agreed to transfer to Japan in the event of a peace treaty between the two countries. The name of "Shikotan" derives from the Ainu language and means "land with big communities."
The total land area of Shikotan is 225 km². The island is hilly, averaging 300 metres in elevation. The shores of the island are very indented and covered with oceanic meadows. The highest altitude is 412 m. The island is formed by the volcanic rock and sandstone of the Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic periods. There are two extinct volcanoes on Shikotan: Mount Tomari and Mount Notoro.
See also 
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