Sirmaur district

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For disambiguation, see Sirmour (disambiguation).
Sirmour district
सिरमौर
District of Himachal Pradesh
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Nahan
Area
 • Total 2,825 km2 (1,091 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,58,593
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 79.98%
 • Sex ratio 915
Website Official website

Sirmour is the most south-eastern district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is largely mountainous and rural, with 90% of its population living in villages. It includes the towns of Nahan (its capital), as well as the Shivalik Fossil Park at Suketi, where fossils of over 85 million years old have been found.

There are six tehsils in this district, namely Nahan, Renuka, Shillai, Rajgarh, Pachhad and Paonta Sahib.

Agriculture is the backbone of economy here. Farmers of Sirmour produce potato and ginger. Sirmour is also known for its good quality of peach that comes from the Rajgarh region which is also called the Peach Bowl. Sirmour is known for growing tons of fruits every year. Dhaula Kuan near Paonta Sahib is known for its Govt operated fruit research centre. Sirmour district is significantly capable of growing both Apple and Mangos on its land. Tomato is also becoming choice for farmers these days. Village Lana-cheta is known for its fertile land and farmers here grow grains as first option.

The Giri River divides the district into two almost-equal parts: Giripar and Giriwar.

Culture[edit]

The People worship deities (devtas) and various customs and rituals are observed by the people.

Hindi and Sirmouri Pahari are the languages spoken here.

Bishu is a popular fair that is held at several places. Bishu fair features the famous Thoda dance. Nati, Gee, Rasa and Budhechu are the popular forms of folk dance of Sirmour, that are enjoyed at occasions like marriages, Diwali, etc.

History[edit]

Main article: Sirmoor State

Sirmour was an independent kingdom in India, founded in about 1090 by Raja Rasaloo of Jaisalmer, one of whose ancestors was named Sirmour. It became a princely state in British India, located in the region that is now the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. The state was also known as Nahan, after its main city, Nahan. Sirmur was ruled by the chiefs of Rajput lineage, who used the title "Raja".

Economy[edit]

The disctrict has an agricultural economy. Besides that district has potential to tap mineral resources. Kamrau is a small village also known as 'place of limestone millionaires'. Sataun is the largest limestone market of South east Asia.

Tourism[edit]

Habben Vally Habben vally is very famous for tourism. Famous Temple of Shirgul Devta, Palu Devta, Tokro Tibba Kali Maa & Small town Haabbn which is completely out of City life. Where one can enjoy & experience the real village life in and surrounding. There are two famous Temple Tokroo Tibba Kali Maa and Palu Devta. Haabbi 1500 a well known Rajoot Cast belongs to these two Devtas. Lord Shirgul Temple one of the famous temple in north India Lord Shirgul is worshiped in Sirmour, Solan, Shimla Uttranchal, Delhi and many other places. Thick Devdar forests are crown of the area which attracts many tourists from all over the India. There is a trek which also lead to Churdhar Holy place of Lord Shiva.

Churdhar The Chur Peak in district Sirmour rises to an elevation of 3647 m above the sea level. The enchanting mountain is an important religious place for all Sirmouries. It is one of the Shivalik ranges at a height of 11965 feet (it is the highest peak in southern Himachal Pradesh). Churdhar, also known as Churchandni (Bangle of Snow), is blessed with some of the most spectacular and beautiful landscapes in this region. The view from the summit embraces a vast panorama of lowland tracts towards the south and snow-capped ranges, including the peaks of Badrinath and Kedarnath in the Garhwal region, towards the north. It is believed that this is the very place where Hanuman discovered the life-restoring Sanjivini booti, which revived Lakshmana, Lord Rama’s younger brother. Ruins of an ancient town have been discovered at the nearby Dundi Devi.

A wealth of herbs and beautiful alpine flora cover these Himalayan slopes. Walking through the wildlife sanctuary, one spots the spectacular monal, Himachal’s state bird, along with koklass and kaleej pheasants.

Trekkers tread over small glaciers on their way to the wind-blown Churdhar summit, which has moderate to heavy snowfall (average of 33 feet snow). Often the Shirgul temple gets buried under it. On a clear sunny day, you can be rewarded with a view of the Badrinath and Kedarnath shrines, Gangetic plains, the Sutlej river and hills of Shimla and Chakrata. Atop the Churdhar summit lie the lingams of Shiva and Kali, where once goat and sheep were sacrificed. Devotees hoist flags and make offerings here.

How to reach there: The peak can be approached from Dadahu, headquarter of Renuka tehsil, via Sangrah, Bhawai, Gandhuri and Naura, the distance being about 48 km. by a bridle path. Another and easier approach to the peak is by the Solan Rajgarh Menus road.

Renuka Ji Renuka is another important place of religious and tourist interest in Sirmour. It is nearly 40 km away from Nahan and is well linked with motorable metalled road. This place has a famous lake. Boating in Renuka lake is main attraction for the tourists visiting Renuka. This sacred oval shaped lake has a circumference of 2.4 km.

This famous lake is visited by thousand of pilgrims every year on Kartika Ekadashi. The 1.6 km patch between the Giri and humming camp where villagers hailing from far off places stay for a couple of days. Nightlong festivities including Kirtans are held by various groups.

The place reaches full capacity during the days of the fair and offer a spectacular variety of activities. As one approaches the fair ground he is greeted by a notice board put up by the Wild Life Wing of the Forest Department warning, "Hold Your Gun--Game Sanctuary Starts".

To this fair the brass idol of Parasu Rama is brought from village Jamu, his permanent abode, in a silver palki accompanied by musical instruments with great pomp and show. The deity remains in the temple for three days i.e. sudi, dashmi to dwadashi (from 10th to 12th of the bright half). The hill people pry to pujari with questions during the night when he goes into a trance and turns an oracle. He answers each and every question. These answers foretell things and, quite often, enjoin upon the questioner some offering or sacrifice to the deity of some other act as a condition precedent to the fulfilment of the favourable prophecy such as deliverance from some misery or recovery of health from some disease. On dwadashi, generally, the people offer alms after the holy dip in the Renuka lake.

Haripur Dhar is situated at an elevation of 2687 m.

Maa Bhangayani Temple, Haripurdhar, is a very famous temple in Sirmour.

Haripur is the name applied to a mountain called Haripur Dhar. Perched on a peak of this hill like a silent sentinel, a fort was built on this range of mountain by the rulers of erstwhile Sirmour State. It was primarily meant to guard the state frontiers with the neighboring Jubbal State as there were constant boundary disputes between the two states and there was unusual encroachment into each other's territory. It has fallen into disuse and the part which is still habitable is used by the Forest Department as forester’s headquarters. The fort reminds the visitor of the historical period when to hold or capture such forts used to be the chief aim of the contending hill states. Lying at a distance of about 106 km from Nahan, Haripurdhar can be approached first by a regular bus service covering 40 km up to Dadahu, wherefrom up to Andheri one can go by a jeep for about 44 km. The remaining portion of about 22 km, which is under construction for a jeepable road, can be covered on foot or on ponies. The next and easier way to approach this place is from Solan via Rajgarh. Kharotiyon, a place from where the site of the fort remains about 2 km on the high hill top.

People[edit]

Mohit Chauhan, noted Indian singer, was born in Nahan town.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sirmaur district has a population of 530,164,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde.[2] This gives it a ranking of 542nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometre (490/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.61%.[1] Sirmaur has a sex ratio of 915 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 79.98%.[1] ________________________________________________________________________________

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cape Verde 516,100 July 2011 est." 

External links[edit]