Skyline Drive Historic District
Skyline Drive near Big Meadow
|Nearest city||Front Royal, Virginia|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|MPS||Historic Park Landscapes in National and State Parks MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||97000375|
|Added to NRHP||April 28, 1997|
|Designated NHLD||October 6, 2008|
|Designated VLR||December 4, 2006; July 2, 1997; June 18, 2003|
Skyline Drive is a 105-mile (169-km) road that runs the entire length of the National Park Service's Shenandoah National Park in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, generally along the ridge of the mountains. The scenic drive is particularly popular in the fall when the leaves are changing colors. Annually, over two million people visit the Skyline Drive, which has been designated a National Scenic Byway.
Major entry points to Skyline Drive are as follows:
- Front Royal, Virginia (U.S. Route 340), the northern terminus
- Thornton Gap (U.S. Route 211)
- Swift Run Gap (U.S. Route 33)
- Rockfish Gap (Interstate 64, U.S. Route 250), the southern terminus.
Fees are collected at the Skyline Drive's access points. The fee varies based on the season. Passes, which are valid for unlimited entries within a seven-day period, are issued. Since user fees are charged at entry points along the Skyline Drive, the Drive is sometimes mistaken for a toll road. The fee, however, is not a toll charged to drive on the road, but rather an entry fee for the park itself. A $15.00 pass is valid for up to seven days and $30.00 for a year-long pass.
On the west side (right when traveling from north to south) of the drive, mileposts are present. They are numbered from 0 to 105 (north to south). These are the reference points to directions in the drive.
The speed limit is 35 miles per hour (60 km/h), due to curves, wildlife and tourists. One might see stopped vehicles in the road either enjoying the wildlife or just turning to stop at an overlook. Bicycles, vehicles, and pedestrians share the road. There are also deer, bear, and other wildlife, which may appear and cross the road without warning. These all require extra precaution. The speed limit within the park is strictly enforced by park police.
The road takes a winding path along the mountaintops of the Blue Ridge Mountains east of the Shenandoah River. There are nearly seventy-five overlooks throughout the drive, providing views of the surrounding valleys. During the drive (especially in early morning and late evening) wildlife can be seen on the road; Shenandoah National Park has one of the densest populations of black bears documented within the U.S.
Numerous trails can be accessed along the drive, including a portion of the Appalachian Trail, which follows the road's path. Biking and horseback riding are other recreational activities that are allowed on the road. The southern end of the Skyline Drive is located in Rockfish Gap, where it connects to the northern terminus of the Blue Ridge Parkway, a free-access road that continues southward along the Blue Ridge Mountains.
- Further information:History of Shenandoah National Park
Begun as a Works Progress Administration (WPA) project during the Great Depression, construction of the Skyline Drive was both difficult and dangerous. Large cuts were made into the sides of knolls and peaks to allow for a road wide enough to handle traffic. The work began in 1931, and the final section (from Swift Run Gap to Rockfish Gap) was completed and opened in 1939. The Civilian Conservation Corps also had a hand in the construction of Skyline Drive. The CCC graded the slopes on both sides of the roadway, built guardrails, constructed overlooks, and planted thousands of trees and shrubs along the parkway. It has 70 overlooks.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Skyline Drive Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- Shenandoah National Park - Driving Skyline Drive (U.S. National Park Service)
- Shenandoah National Park - Mammals (U.S. National Park Service)
- [dead link]
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. VA-119, "Skyline Drive"
- National Park Service, Shenandoah National Park, official website
- Skyline Drive Historic District
- Mile-by-Mile website, detailed information and many photographs
- The Ground Beneath Our Feet online exhibit of the Virginia Historical Society regarding creation of the Shenandoah National Park
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skyline Drive (Virginia).|