||The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (November 2013)|
SlutWalk is a transnational movement of protest marches which began on April 3, 2011, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with subsequent rallies occurring globally. Participants protest against explaining or excusing rape by referring to any aspect of a woman's appearance, and call for an end to rape culture. The rallies began when Constable Michael Sanguinetti, a Toronto Police officer, suggested that to remain safe, "women should avoid dressing like sluts." The protest takes the form of a march, mainly by young women, where some dress as sluts in revealing attire. In the various Slutwalks around the world, it is usual to find speaker meetings and workshops, live music, sign-making sessions, leafleting, open microphones, chanting, dances, martial arts, and receptions or after-parties with refreshments.  In many of the rallies and online, women speak publicly for the first time about their rapes. Critics say that this approach is an example of women defining their sexuality on male terms, and "the pornification of protest."
- 1 History
- 2 Responses
- 3 References
- 4 External links
On January 24, 2011 Constable Michael Sanguinetti and another officer from 31 Division spoke on crime prevention, addressing the issue of campus rape at a York University safety forum at Osgoode Hall Law School. During the talk, Sanguinetti interrupted the more senior officer and said: "I've been told I'm not supposed to say this – however, women should avoid dressing like sluts in order not to be victimized."
Sanguinetti later apologized for the remark saying: "I made a comment which was poorly thought out and did not reflect the commitment of the Toronto Police Service to the victims of sexual assaults. Violent crimes such as sexual assaults can have a traumatizing effect on their victims... My comment was hurtful in this respect. I am embarrassed by the comment I made and it shall not be repeated." The apology was attached to an email distributed to the Osgoode community by law school dean Lorne Sossin who said they've been told the officer "is being disciplined and will be provided with further professional training." Co-founders Sonya Barnett and Heather Jarvis decided to redefine the word "slut" as someone who is in control of their own sexuality . They observe that historically, "slut" has had negative connotations, and that their goal is to reclaim the term. Their website states:
"We are tired of being oppressed by slut-shaming; of being judged by our sexuality and feeling unsafe as a result. Being in charge of our sexual lives should not mean that we are opening ourselves to an expectation of violence, regardless if we participate in sex for pleasure or work. No one should equate enjoying sex with attracting sexual assault."
Barnett considered the apology was not enough, since the officer's stereotypical idea still exists in society. "The comment that was made by Officer Sanguinetti comes from a place where sexual profiling and victim blaming is inherent and a large trait and we’d like that changed," Barnett said.
Toronto Police spokeswoman Meaghan Gray said cautioning women on their state of dress is not part of any police training. "In fact, this is completely contradictory to what officers are taught," she said. "They are taught that nothing a woman does contributes to a sexual assault." Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair also spoke on the matter: "If that type of, frankly, archaic thinking still exists among any of my officers, it highlights for me the need to continue to train my officers and sensitize them to the reality of victimization." Sanguinetti's statement, according to Blair, is meant to "place the blame upon victims, and that's not where the blame should ever be placed."
Rosemary Gartner, a University of Toronto criminologist, said linking style of dress to sexual assault is "ridiculous." "If that were the case, there would be no rapes of women who wear veils and we know there are rapes in those countries," she said. Darshika Selvasivam, vice-president of the York Federation of Students, said she found the use of the word "extremely alarming." Linking provocative clothing to sexual assault "is a huge myth" and all it does is "blame the survivor of a sexual assault while taking the onus away from the perpetrator," she said. A university spokesperson also said the school was "surprised and shocked" by the comment, although it does have a good and collaborative relationship with police.
First march and consequent growth
On April 3, 2011, over 3,000 gathered at Queen's Park. The day began with speeches before moving to the Toronto Police Headquarters. Although the website requested women to dress in everyday wear (to symbolize ordinary women, sexually assaulted in ordinary life), many women dressed as "sluts". According to SlutWalk London, the rallies aim to end a culture of fear and victimisation:
"All over the world, women are constantly made to feel like victims, told they should not look a certain way, should not go out at night, should not go into certain areas, should not get drunk, should not wear high heels or make-up, should not be alone with someone they don't know. Not only does this divert attention away from the real cause of the crime – the perpetrator – but it creates a culture where rape is OK, where it's allowed to happen."
It has been compared to the 1970s movement Take Back the Night (also known as Reclaim the Night), which promoted marches to raise awareness and protest against violence against women; although some tension between the two movements has been noted. As with SlutWalk, it asserted women's right to be on the street at night without it being considered an invitation to rape.
To a lesser extent, it has been compared to activist groups like FEMEN, the Ukrainian women's group, and Boobquake, an atheistic and feminist response to Iran's Hojatoleslam Kazem Seddiqi who blamed women who dress immodestly for causing earthquakes. Both integrate nudity and protest.
Argentina: La Marcha de las Putas
On August 12, 2011, the first SlutWalk took place simultaneously in Buenos Aires, Rosario and Mar del Plata, under the name “La Marcha de las Putas”. The organizers, most of them belonging to women’s and human rights organizations, described the march as “not a strategy to fight, but a union of women and men to demand respect for the individual liberties of women.” Participants mentioned the alarming rates of murdered women and human trafficking for sexual exploitation in Argentina as motives to join the SlutWalk.   On November 25, 2011, La Marcha de las Putas protested in the city of Mendoza. The day was selected for being the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. A document issued by the organizers states: “we will march to demand an end to all forms of violence against women, the figure of femicide as aggravation incorporated into the penal code, budget for the implementation of the Domestic Violence Act and the processing and approval of the law for voluntary interruption of pregnancy. 
New Marchas de las Putas were held in Buenos Aires, Córdoba, San Juan and Mar del Plata on November 3, 2012. The main theme for the protest were sexual stereotypes. The march began with an exposition of photographs from the previous rally. There were also workshops and debate spaces regarding intimate and social respect, non-sexist education and media violence, while several music bands performed on stage. Organizer Verónica Lemi explained: “marching is not enough. We need to raise awareness and create spaces for reflection and debate so we can take our slogans to our daily lives. We need society to stop justifying, tolerating or minimizing sexual abuses, and to stop victim-blaming.” She also pointed at the need to promote that “sexual abuse survivors speak of their experiences without being judged for it, and get the help they need to heal.” The objective of the protest was to re-signify the word “puta” (equivalent for "slut", but also for “prostitute”), to take its violent power away so it cannot be used to cause harm, to favor the construction of a society where everyone is respected regardless of gender, sexual orientation or chosen lifestyle.
On October 6, 2013, another Marcha de las Putas took place in Buenos Aires. It began with an open space for sharing experiences of abuse, most of which had happened to the speakers during childhood or as teenagers, and kept silenced during years. “It took me twelve years to tell my family I was abused when I was 10. I only was able to do it after I joined this movement and found other people went through similar situations” explained Deborah, one of the organizers. Rita González, other of the organizers, explained the march is framed in a wider range of “actions done during the whole year, to give legal assistance, emotional support and company to people who have been through difficult situations, which they begin to overcome in healing encounters where they can verbalize their pain.” The selected slogan for the protest was: “Desnudando la cultura de la violación (Disclosing rape culture)”.  Other cities known to host Slutwalks were Posadas, La Plata and Formosa.
Deputy María José Lubertino, participant of the march, said: "in the 21st century, we cannot allow women to be judged for how we dress. A few weeks ago our President Cristina was discredited for wearing leggings, a clear example of what we see in a daily basis in different spheres. It's ridiculous and a typical patriarchal behavior. La Marcha de las Putas is about getting actively involved in building a new reality, in which respect, recognition and effective equality between men and women prevail." 
On November 19, 2013, La Marcha de las Putas participated among several other organizations in a wider protest to raise awareness on child sexual abuse. It included activities related to the importance of detection and prevention of child molestation, legal processes, and healing. The protest advocated for better laws, and for the effective application of the existing laws. The day was closed with speeches from the organizations, and artistic activities for the participants.
Brazil: Marcha das Vadias
The first SlutWalk took place in Sao Paulo under the name “Marcha das Vadias” (also “Marcha de las Vagabundas”) on June 4, 2011. Around 300 people gathered, marching in daily outfits. Only a 23 years old student participated in underwear. The organizers of the event, writer Solange De-Ré and publicist Madô Lopez explained: “We do not want Carnival. We want people to dress normally, as they like to wear.” On June 18, 2011 a new Marcha das Vadias gathered one thousand people at Brasilia. Despite the name, the SlutWalk brought together women, men and families, sometimes including babies. Participants chanted slogans against sexual abuse.  On July 2, 2011, hundreds of people attended Marcha das Vadias at Copacabana, in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro. Participants advocated for the improvement in hospitals and police stations for women victims of sexual abuse, access to abortion with no paperwork when pregnancy is the result of rape, and the effective implementation of the Lei Maria da Penha, in cases of battered women. During 2011, new Marchas das Vadias were organized at Belo Horizonte, Florianópolis, Juiz de Fora, Recife, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre and Natal. 
On May 26, 2012, Marcha das Vadias took place simultaneously in Brasilia, Rio de Janerio, Belo Horizonte, Sao Paulo and Vitoria, among others. During the march in Brasilia, a man participating in the protest began to speak offensive phrases to women and homosexuals, and then dropped his pants to show his penis. He was quickly arrested and taken to a nearby police station.
On May 25, 2013, Marcha das Vadias was held in Recife and Sao Paulo, gathering over 2000 and 1000 people respectively. Késia Salgado, organizer at Recife stated: “The march is to show that women will no longer be silent, that impunity will not happen; we live a social epidemic and have to reeducate ourselves. Marcha das Vadias does not end when the protest is over, we keep working so that daily violence is not forgotten.” In this city, the protest included various artistic interventions of groups supporting the cause. Towards the end of the march at Praça da Independência, the group opened space for testimonials. With megaphones, women victims of sexual assault shared their experiences with the rest of the participants. 
In Sao Paulo, the march walked past rue Augusta, a street known for being a gathering point for prostitutes, as a gesture of support. "It's in Augusta where we find the women that society likes to call sluts, or rapeable" explained a member of the collective.”Our intention is to create visibility on the fight against violence towards women. We want to encourage women who are suffering violence to break the silence and make men aware of the daily acts of violence they practice.” Protesters also handed over to pedestrians a "security card" to be kept in wallets, containing the phone number of services which help abused women.
There was a new Marcha das Vadias organised at Brasilia on June 22, 2013, gathering around 3000 people. Protesters spoke against the State intervention on women’s bodies, and against religious leaders occupying seats in State institutions. A new episode was reported of a man who, in apparent state of drunkenness, insulted the manifestants and dropped his pants.
In Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, Marcha das Vadias was planned to match a visit from Pope Francis to the city, on June 22, 2013, in the context of the World Youth Day, and the protest was re-named “Jornada Mundial das Vadias (World Slut Day)”. Organizer Rogéria Peixinho explained “performing the act during the Pope's visit is also a way to put another youth on the street, establishing a political counterpoint. We want to show that there is another youth and another way of thinking about the world, and the chosen date also has to do with it.” The were several participants in costumes representing religious characters such as nuns and the Pope, and signs with puns and slogans rejecting religious views on women and sexuality. A group called Católicas Pelo Direito de Decidir (Catholic Women for the Right to Choose) in favor of abortion, women priests and married priests, participated in the protest.
Peixinho asserted the importance of the Pope’s visit regarding the objectives of Marcha das Vadias: “The presence of the Pope and the public resources allocated for the visit of a spiritual leader calls into question the secular State. (...) This matter falls within the axes of our movement, as well as the right to the body, the complaints about the rape cases that are increasing especially in Rio, and the formulation of public policies to protect women.” The participants, during the march, encountered a group of about 50 pilgrims from France, Chile and Italy, participating in the World Youth Day, who were offended by the act and started insulting the participants. A pilgrim spat in the face of a protester. However, most pilgrims peacefully observed the demonstration and some foreigners, without realizing it, mingled among the protesters. 
During the protest, some of the participants smashed statues of saints. Peixinho assured the action was not planned nor encouraged by the organizers, but after the incident several of them suffered death threats via phone calls, text messages and messages on social networks, and several pages were created on Facebook exposing their phone numbers and addresses. The movement denounced the case to the Human Rights Commission of Alerj and sought support of Amnesty International.
On February 25, 2012, the first Slutwalk was held with the name “La Marcha de las Putas” in the cities of Armenia, Bucaramanga, Barranquilla, Manizales, Medellín, Pereira, the island of San Andrés, Villavicencio, Tunja, and Bogotá, gathering up to 2000 people in the country’s capital, at Bolívar Square. The participants included men, women, the LGBT community, intellectuals, college students and Catholic Church representatives. Some men assisted in naked torsos and wearing red lipstick. There were also many topless women, one of which explained: “I came naked today because it must be clear than my body is mine alone, and even walking in bare breasts only I decide who gets to touch me.” Mar Candela, one of the organizers, was in charge of the opening speech: “We suffer to be called sluts for living our sexuality freely. When we are victims of violence, there are those who dare say we “asked for it”. We are victims of harassment in buses, in streets, in public spaces. This society need to understand that when a woman says no, it’s no.” In Colombia, a woman is victim of abuse every 6 hours, and an average 245 women are victims of some kind of violence every day. Mar Candela stated La Marcha de las Putas proved that all sections of society are committed to ending it. “We’ll do it. We’ll make possible that no woman is made victim of violence under the complicity of society’s silence.”  
The protest was closed by a speech from a group of sex workers who demanded the government and society to recognize their rights. Darly, one of them, expressed: “We want to be respected. We work with our bodies, like everyone else. The shoemaker uses his hands to make shoes, the football player uses his feet to score goals. Therefore, being a prostitute, no one has the right to point a finger at me or treat me with violence.” Social NGOs Opción Colombia and Red Colombiana de Masculinidades no Hegemónicas (Colombian Network of non-Hegemonic Masculinities) also participated in the protest.
On April 6, 2013, La Marcha de las Putas was held simultaneously in Bogotá, where over 1000 people attended, Barranquilla, Cali, Cartagena, Manizales and Medellín. Mar Candela, organiser at Bogotá and coordinator of the protest on the national level, decided to use the word “PUTAS” as an acronym for “Por Una Transformación Auténtica y Social(For An Authentic Social Transformation)”, which had been used in Peru during the protests. She adds: “The word “puta” shouldn't even be used as an offense, and doing so reveals great ignorance. Whatever a woman does with her vagina, she is a human being with full individual rights. It is commonly said that being a prostitute means losing constitutional rights and State protection, but prostitution is legal in Colombia. And even if it was illegal, they are still in complete possession of their rights, because human rights apply even for criminals.”
According to Mar Candela, all fractions of society were represented in the march including Catholics, protestants, LGBT, atheists, artists, agnostics and krishnas, which allowed to treat the subject outside of the traditional feminist context. She also spoke regarding activities from La Marcha de las Putas apart from the street protests: "we’ve been collaborating with schools and communities in different neighborhoods, and now we’re magnifying those processes. Today, our feminist movement and the urban pedagogy of Slutwalk counts on the presence of sexual psychologist Alejandra Quintero, who’s strongly supporting the matter of female body empowerment."  As well as fighting conservative attitudes, women and women's organizations on the march were concerned about the sexual violence that has been an integral part of the armed conflict. The UN has called on Colombia to end impunity for sexual crimes by the armed forces. 
Rubiela Valderrama, organiser at Cartagena, stated that many organizations, collectives and foundations were invited to join the protest. She also explained the objective of La Marcha de las Putas is "to create interest among the Cartagena community, to promote its participation in affirmative action focused on the transformation of individual and collective conscience to break the oppression, injustice and any rule or norm which naturalizes violence against women in the city." 
On November 17, 2013, La Marcha de las Putas organised a protest in front of a famous restaurant in Bogotá called Andrés Carne de Res. An accusation had been made on November 2, of a 19-year-old woman who was raped by a lawyer in the restaurant’s parking lot and Andrés Jaramillo, owner of the restaurant, pointed at the victim’s clothes as an explanation. The initiative was spread mainly through social networks. After the events, Jaramillo apologized and denied to have a sexist attitude, and the accused rapist presented himself at the public prosecutor’s office for questioning, but was not arrested.
On August 14, 2011, the first Slutwalk of Costa Rica was held in the city of San José with the name “La Marcha de las Putas” and the invitation was spread mainly through social networks. Organizer Montserrat Sagot, university professor and feminist leader, is the author of several books including "When Violence Against Women Kills: Femicide in Costa Rica." The protest was directed against remarks made on August 2 by senior Catholic clerics during a ceremony in Cartago honouring Costa Rica's patron saint, the Virgen de los Angeles.
At the event, Bishop José Francisco Ulloa called on women to dress "modestly" to not be "dehumanized" and "objectified." "The sexual gift that God gave women is wrapped in love and fidelity for its ultimate purpose: fertilization," Ulloa said. Mexican Cardinal Francisco Robles, representing Pope Benedict XVI, said at the ceremony that a woman's mission "does not consist in emulating men, but rather in creating a more humane world by exercising creativity in the household." Robles urged women to enter public life "without imitating men," and to strengthen their role at home as mothers and family members. "The mandate from the (Catholic) church for women to act with modesty and decency is the same conservative message that intends to blame women for the abuses of which they are victims," Sagot said. 
The group of organizers issued a communication in defense of the right of women to dress as they wish, with no Church or institution imposing limitations. “Our claim is the most basic of feminism: we decide over our own lives, no one else has to tell us how to dress, what to think or what we should do. On the contrary, it is necessary to teach men not to rape, assault and abuse” says the document. It also demanded the enforcement of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), ratified by Costa Rica in 1986 and the Convention of Belém do Pará (Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women) ratified by Costa Rica in 1995. 
After the protest, Sagot wrote: "The march proved that in this country exists a new generation, who is not willing to answer with “good manners” to institutions which, like the Catholic hierarchy, disrespect their rights, blame women for the violence they suffer and which, from a postition of power (...) attempt to impose norms and lifestyles to people who do not agree with them." She also linked the protests to the "evident commitments" of President Laura Chinchilla to the Catholic Church. 
On November 22, 2013, a second Marcha de las Putas was organised at San José with the slogan "No es no. La violencia nunca es consentida (No means no: violence is never consented)". The choice of the slogan denounced sayings from former deputy Oscar Lopez, who declared there is “a thin line between consent and rape”. Organizers claim such statements minimize the problem of sexual violence against women, justify the actions of rapists, and reinforce misogynistic speech. Their aim was that Lopez retracts his comments and recognises that sexual assault as a serious form of violence against women. They also called for Lopez’s political party, Partido de Accesibilidad Sin Exclusión, to commit on taking action, and for all other political parties to pronounce on the matter.  
On March 11, 2012, the first Slutwalk took place in Quito, with the name “La Marcha de las Putas”. Sex workers and transgender people attended the event, and the meeting of the organizer previous to the protest was at Casa Transgénero (Transgender House). Social movement Ruptura also supported the march, stating: “This protest advocates for the right of women to express their reality in their clothes, poses and make up, and this can’t be turned into an excuse for harassment and abuse.”
On April 22, 2013, another Marcha de las Putas was organized in Quito by feminist and LGBT collectives, gathering nearly 3000 people. Organizer Ana Almeida explained: “We want to establish a precedent of this message of no violence against women, because women’s bodies must be respected; we can’t allow women to be stigmatized for their clothes. Nothing can justify violence. We make a constant political work to redefine the word “puta” and what it means to both women and men.”
At the march, there was an increased number of male participants, as well as people with naked torsos, a fake Catholic priest in pink robe, many signs with rhymes and slogans, live musicians and stiltwalkers. Halfway through the protest, rain began to pour down, but the protest continued while many chanted: "¡Que llueva, que llueva, las putas no se ahuevan! (Let it rain, let it rain, sluts don’t give up!)" 
On August 6, 2011, Andrea Nuila co-organized the event with her group Atrévete, the Tegucigalpa chapter of Hollaback!, an international women-led movement to end street harassment. For Nuila, the march is also about confronting the dangerous combination of male dominance and impunity that puts Honduran women at risk, as seen in the high occurrence of femicide. "They're increasing every day. We believe that women are not only victims of sexual harassment, they're also victims of domestic violence. And we have a big level of impunity from the state institutions" she said.
Francisco Murillo López, head of the Dirección Nacional de Investigación Criminal (National Direction of Criminal Investigation), was asked to explain the rise in the killing of women. He said ”the most significant factor is gender equality. Women are participating in roles that were previously carried out by men. Today we see women driving taxis, driving a truck. This shows how much Honduran society is changing, and therefore it is normal to see women dying. Gender equality is the principal reason that women are now involved in violent affairs linked to organized gangs and common crime.”
However, according to the research of Ana Carcedo, the region's foremost expert on femicide, 12% of female homicides in Honduras can be linked to organized crime, while in 40% of the cases, the killer is either a current or former lover, while more than 9% of the killings result from sexual attacks, and almost 8% of the women are being killed by their family members. All in all, according to Carcedo, in roughly three-quarters of the cases, the women were killed in one way or another for being women. This is the opposite of the conclusion of the Honduran police chief that they are being killed for taking on male roles.
Sandra Maribel, director of the radio station Radio Gualcho, was present at the event. According to her analysis: “The use of language to discriminate based on the way we dress is related to the broader women's struggle in Honduras. There's lots of violence inside the home, and we want to change that. Maybe a good place to start is by changing the language used to refer to us women.” She also referred to the recent ban on the morning-after pill approved by the Congress of Honduras: “The women's struggle isn't isolated from the larger struggle of the Honduran people. It's a liberation struggle, not only in the political sense, but in every sense. And the Honduran women have been active participants in the resistance against the Honduras coup d'etat. But we're not doing it just to make the crowd bigger. We want the order of things to change in this country.”
Maria Victoria, a participant who works as an HIV/AIDS prevention worker, urged people to consider how the word slut is used to discriminate against the trans community as well: “Women and trans people who choose to dress sexy shouldn't be called sluts.” Fernando Reyes, of Honduras' diversity and resistance movement considered the march as a response to all forms of intolerance: ”Today is the best example, seeing all the youth of the sexual diversity and various cultural collectives demonstrating and realizing that even as youths they have a right to be who they want to be.”
As a closing activity, participants took turns writing messages on the side of the city's main Catholic cathedral. Nuila explained: “The church is one of the institutions that has oppressed women's rights the most, especially in a Catholic country like ours. Abortion is illegal in Honduras, not only for the women, because it's criminalized from three to six years in jail, but he doctor is also penalized, and their license restricted.” 
On December 8, 2012, hundreds of people participated in the second Marcha de las Putas at Tegucigalpa. Many women assisted with their male partners, and the protest counted on the participation of LGBT organizations. “We’re marching to protest against the sexual harassment us women suffer for the way we choose to dress” explained Karla Martínez, coordinator of the protest, “we’re tired of our clothing being an excuse for men to feel they have the right to rape us or grope us, that’s why we’re here today, demanding an end to violence against women.”
Mildred Tejada, from the United Nations System, was present at Marcha de las Putas. “The word “puta” causes aversion, it’s an insult to all women regardless of the profession they exercise” she dais. Sergio Ulloa, one of the male protesters, commented on the march: “We live in a machista country, and it’s about time men stop harassing and sexually abusing women. Women must have their rights respected, and men must respect and value women.”
On June 11, 2011, the first Slutwalk was held in Matagalpa under the name “Marcha de las Putas”, with the objective of bringing an end to the naturalization of violence against women and blaming of victims based on their appearance. According to the Network of Women Against Violence, 89 women in Nicaragua were murdered by their partner or another individual known to them on 2012. Edume Larracochea, spanish leader of Red de Mujeres de Matagalpa (Matagalpa Women Network) and organizer of the event, said dozens of women assisted, wearing jeans or skirts, high heels or flats, as they chose. “The march was a great success, we feel people were interested and we want everyone to reflect on sexual violence” she added.
At the end of the protest, Red de Mujeres de Matagalpa read a document denouncing society for “using the word “puta” to stigmatize and discredit those women who are courageous enough to decide over our bodies and our lives.” It also states the protersters “are tired of hearing us women provoke, and therefore are guilty” of sexual violence.  
On June 12, 2011 Slutwalk took place in Mexico City, with the name Marcha de las Putas. Women, men and children, mostly in casual wear but some in heels and schoolgirl miniskirts, marched with signs saying “No means No” and “prostitutes are sacred.” One self-described grandmother in a low-cut blouse advised women to dress as they pleased. “This is a problem of all society” said Edith López, spokeswoman of the protest, “we nee to re-educate ourselves, because victims of sexual violence are not the ones responsible.”
Gabriela Amancaya, from Atrévete DF, the local version of Hollaback!, participated in the protest, and explained the goal was to “raise consciousness around the fact that we are tired of street harassment, of abuse in general, and of the silence which always surrounds those subjects.” The invitation was made through social networks, and gathered thousands of participants to the march. 
On June 27, 2011, Marcha de las Putas was organized at Puebla, with the participation of activists, students, housewives, academicists, professionals, mothers and a few female politicians, whose presence was questioned by some participants who considered they were not so interested in gender equality as they were in being seen among the crowd.
About a dozen women were dressed as prostitutes, and at least one was in a nun costume. They explained their goal was to show that in either of those outfits, they must be equally respected. There was also a runway with different types of shoe wear, including high heels, sandals, boots and sport shoes, with colorful signs about their pretended owners: “one who kisses whoever she wants”, “one who works”. They were beneath a bigger sign stating: “Putas somos todas, o ninguna (Either all of us or none of us is a slut)”
On October 8, 2012, a new Marcha de las Putas was held at Puebla. Natali Hernández participated with her non-profit organization, Red por los Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos (Network for Sexual and Reproductive Rights), which denounced in the State of Puebla there’s an accusation of sexual violence against a woman every 12 hours, making that state the fifth in sexual violence occurence, in a country where the average of denounces is one every 17 hours.
The protest finished in front of Puebla’s City Hall, where the protesters pronounciated against sexual violence. They stressed that in the previous six years, murders of women raised up to three times. Figures show 341 femicides in 2005 against 619 in 2011, marking an 81% increase.
On October 25, 2011 the first Slutwalk was held in Panamá City with the name “La Marcha de las Putas”. Among the 500 men and women who joined the protest on a rainy day, there were a few prostitutes who, despite prostitution being legal in Panamá, expressed their complaints regarding their situation. The march began outside the headquarters of the Attorney General's Office. The participants said they were demanding respect and an end to domestic violence in the country.
Actress Janelle Davidson explained she supported the cause, even though she wasn’t able to attend the protest. She narrated a visit to her doctor at the age of 17 wearing jeans and a low-cut blouse, in which she got told: “Look at yourself! Then you'll complain when you get raped”. “It doesn’t matter whether you dress sexy or not, respect is fundamental” she added.
Colombian journalist Carolina Ángel Idrobo was also present at the protest to cover the story for Panamanian newspaper La Prensa. On the day following the march, she was given a verbal warning from her editor for being seen dancing and singing among the protesters, arguing activism was incompatible with journalism at La Prensa. Idrobo apologized to the editor, but on November 2 she was called by the director, who informed her she was fired.
The FELCOPER (Federación Colombiana de Periodistas - Colombian Federation of Journalists) pronounced in favor of Idrobo, expressing their worry around censorship and discrimination inside independent media, as well as unfair layoffs based on ideology. “Freedom of speech cannot be a right to be claimed only from the media to society, it must also be guaranteed by the media to its workers" explained Adriana Hurtado, president of FELCOPER.
India and the world
On July 16, 2011, about 50 people rallied for India's first Slutwalk in Bophal, called Slutwalk arthaat Besharmi Morcha. Rita Banerji, Indian feminist and author reports that SlutWalk was criticised as irrelevant in the face of female feticide, infanticide, dowry murders and honor killings. She argues: "The issue at the crux of the SlutWalk is one and the same as for all the other above mentioned afflictions. It is about the recognition of women as individuals with certain fundamental rights, including that of safety and personal choices, which no one, not even the family, can violate."
On july 31, 2011, Besharmi Morcha took place at New Delhi, sometimes referred to as "The Rape Capital of India" for having the highest numbers of such crime. The estimated number of protesters was around 500. To ensure that no untoward incident took place, police personnel were deployed all around the area. "No one can ever be safe in Delhi. When we leave our homes, even we are not sure whether we will return safely or not," said a police constable on the condition of anonymity. Actress and social activist Nafisa Ali was present. "Basically, we need to work towards the safety of women on streets. It's an issue of mindset. If a boy can go out at two in the morning, so can a girl," she said. Trishala Singh, one of the organisers, said in reference to the number of participants: "I am not at all disappointed with the walk. A good number of people turned up to support the cause and I am happy with it. I know one walk can't change the mindset of people but it will at least be a beginning."
Another Slutwalk was held in Kolkata on May 24, 2012, gathering around 300 people. As described by the Times of India, young girls walked in all kinds of dresses right from sari and salwar kameez to jeans and skirts. "We want to bring fore the point that one can be sexually harassed even while being clothed from head to toe," stated Film Studies student Sulakshana Biswas, one of the organisers. At the end of the rally, artists from Fourth Bell Theatre group performed short plays and recited poetries on sexual abuse written by famous Urdu poet Saadat Hassan Manto and Bengali writer Mahasweta Devi. A new Slutwalk took place at Kolkata on June 7, 2013. 
Previous to the first Slutwalk, a public exchange between the organisers and the local authorities took place, regarding the particularly strict laws on streets demonstrations. Organizers stated there was no need for a permission to hold the protest, while the police sustained the global nature of the movement and expected presence of foreigners made it necessary. Finally, on November 30, a permit was approved for the Slutwalk to take place at a free-speech park called Speakers' Corner. Social critic and gay rights activist Alex Au commented on the issue: "maybe our senior civil servants can’t get past the word 'slut' and have begun to hyperventilate".  The Slutwalk finally took place on December 3, 2011. None of the mostly female crowd assisted in revealing clothing, though some did wear skirts above the knee.Others wore T-shirts protesting against blaming rape victims on the grounds of their outfits or because they had been drunk or flirting. A new Slutwalk was held in Singapore on December 15, 2012. 
SlutWalks have occurred in cities around the world.
Australian commentator Andrew Bolt observed that guidance on how to dress in any given context is simply risk management, and such advice need not exclude opposition to victim-blaming. Rod Liddle agrees, saying "...I have a perfect right to leave my windows open when I nip to the shops for some fags, without being burgled. It doesn’t lessen the guilt of the burglar that I’ve left my window open, or even remotely suggest that I was deserving of being burgled. Just that it was more likely to happen." Mike Strobel even suggests that the approach SlutWalk is advocating is dangerous, and he would not advise a daughter to dress "provocatively in iffy circumstances."
SlutWalk has focused on being able to choose what to wear without being harassed, rather than the larger and broader discussion of consent concerning sexual assault. It has been accused of "[fixating] solely around liberal questions of individual choice – the palatable “I can wear what I want” feminism that is intentionally devoid of an analysis of power dynamics." But Jessica Valenti says: "The idea that women’s clothing has some bearing on whether they will be raped is a dangerous myth feminists have tried to debunk for decades."
Some popular responses have also questioned the wisdom of using the word "slut," even suggesting that "far from empowering women, attempting to reclaim the word has the opposite effect, simply serving as evidence that women are accepting this label given to them by misogynistic men," concluding "Women should not protest for the right to be called slut."
Sophie Jones wrote on The F-Word regarding this criticism: "This is a clear case of these writers simply misinterpreting the mission of SlutWalk, which is not a protest for the right to be called 'slut' but a protest for the right to dress however you want free of the presumption you are "asking for it". I have been called a slut while wearing long sleeves and thick black tights.[...]The assumption that rapists target women who look sexually available drastically misreads the nature of the crime. I will be marching in London not for the right to be called a slut, but for the right to be there."
Black feminists have accused Slutwalk of being exclusionary to women of color, saying "As Black women, we do not have the privilege or the space to call ourselves “slut” without validating the already historically entrenched ideology and recurring messages about what and who the Black woman is." Keli Goff ironically entitled her response: "Dear Feminists, Will You Also Be Marching In N***erwalk? Because I Won't." From a global perspective, SlutWalk can appear imperialistic in its imposition of western feminist ideologies on areas such as those of the Global South in countries including Brazil and the Honduras. No equivalent term for the word "slut" exists in these areas and the aim of SlutWalk to re-appropriate the word is thus lost. There are, however, other communities of women of color who support Slutwalk's naming and find solidarity with the movement, indeed critiquing Black Women's Blueprint for not listening to the global south. Ernesto Aguilar has noted: "A lack of understanding of practical political realities, especially for cross-sections of communities of color."
Global Women's Strike issued an article about SlutWalk from women of color. They referred to Nafissatou Dialloa, a Black immigrant domestic worker who accused Dominique Strauss-Kahn, former head of the IMF, of sexual assault. "[The case] did not always get the attention it deserved, despite electrifying protests in the US, led by domestic workers, immigrant women of colour who are among the lowest paid. We didn't hear much from professional women. Yet SlutWalkers in London, Paris and other cities marched with "We are all chambermaids" placards, connecting our struggles. That is anti-racism -- giving immigrant women of colour and domestic workers visibility in the anti-rape movement."
Others have noted that the use of the word "slut" raises the hackles of those anxious about the "'pornification' of everything and the pressure on young girls to look like Barbie dolls". Melinda Tankard Reist, notable for her stance against sexualisation of children in modern pop culture, said: “I believe the name will marginalise women and girls who want to be active in violence prevention campaigns but who don’t feel comfortable with personally owning the word slut." Feminists Gail Dines and Wendy J Murphy have suggested that the word slut is inherently indivisible from the madonna/whore binary opposition and thus "beyond redemption." They say: "Women need to find ways to create their own authentic sexuality, outside of male-defined terms like slut."
Sophie Jones answered to Dines and Murphy that reclaiming a word does not mean celebrating that word in its current form. "Reclaiming "slut" should not be about celebrating the male-defined word as something 'positive', but celebrating the indeterminacy of the word when detached from its meaning. We want this word in our court, but only so we can keep it in the air and over the heads of everyone who would use it against us."
Recently the debate about using the word slut has emerged within the SlutWalk movement itself. Organisers of SlutWalk New York City "have made the decision to withdraw from the movement because of the name." In Vancouver, the organisers decided to cancel the march and have a discussion instead, and a debate was held to determine a different name. Of the four names suggested (Slutwalk, End the Shame, Yes Means Yes and Shame Stop), SlutWalk remained the favourite, though half the voters had voted against the old name. SlutWalk Philadelphia renamed the protest "A March to End Rape Culture" in order to take into account concerns about inclusivity.
Former British Conservative MP Louise Mensch has objected to SlutWalk "on the grounds that it 'lionises promiscuity', which she says is harmful." She also added "promiscuity is not equality." Indeed, the inclusion of "Sex Party branding" has been criticised in Brisbane, where it was said by a rape survivor "...they are promoting sex positivity, which I personally have no problem with, but a lot of survivors of rape are at different stages." Guy Rundle has contrasted SlutWalk with Reclaim the Night protests, saying they "resisted the deep cultural pull to make women into objects rather than subjects, to be constituted by the male gaze... there was no way to watch Reclaim The Night and feel like, or be, a voyeur." At worst, it has been said that "SlutWalkers have internalised their abuse" and SlutWalk is "the pornification of protest."
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- including Austin  Boston ‘Slut Walk’ Protests Take America By Storm…or Something Chicago, SlutWalk Chicago Turns Out Hundreds (PHOTOS) Philadelphia, Philadelphia's SlutWalk takes up the fight against sexual assault and Seattle 2012 Seattle SlutWalk sends a message in the United States; Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Scantily-clad women protest in mass Slut Walk in Brazil in Brazil; Melbourne Thousands turn out for Melbourne SlutWalk in Australia; Bhopal Bhopal Besharmi Morcha gets lukewarm response and Kolkata Kolkata organises 'SlutWalk' in India; London Slutwalk London: 'Yes means yes and no means no' in Britain; Jerusalem Dozens of Israeli ‘Slutwalk’ protesters hit streets of Jerusalem in Israel; and Gdańsk and Warsaw in Poland. Marsz Puszczalskich w obronie ofiar w Gdańsku
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