South Ferry (Manhattan)
South Ferry is at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City and is the embarkation point for ferries to Staten Island (Staten Island Ferry, through the Staten Island Ferry Whitehall Terminal) and Governors Island.
South Ferry is served by subway stations including:
- South Ferry on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line; serving the 1 train (temporarily closed)
- South Ferry loops on the IRT Broadway - Seventh Avenue Line and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line; serving the 1 train (there are two platforms, of which one is open)
- Whitehall Street – South Ferry on the BMT Broadway Line; serving the N R trains
- Bowling Green on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line; serving the 4 5 trains (some Lexington Avenue Line trains stopped at South Ferry until 1977)
- Broad Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line; serving the J Z trains during weekdays only
Also serving the ferry terminal directly is the M15 Select Bus Service route via a bus loop directly at the front door of the terminal; other bus routes servicing the area stop on nearby streets.
In earlier years, South Ferry also hosted a four-track elevated terminal with access to all Manhattan elevated train lines running up Second, Third, Sixth and Ninth Avenues. These lines were closed in stages from 1938 to 1955.
The origin of the name South Ferry is probably one of the more misunderstood trivia, even to New Yorkers accustomed to using it in a geographical sense. One would suppose that it is so called because it is at the southern tip of Manhattan, and it hosts ferries. In actuality, it was the name of the South Ferry, one of several ferries between what were then the separate cities of New York and Brooklyn. The "Old Ferry", which later was renamed the "Fulton Ferry", crossed between Manhattan and Brooklyn from streets that in each city would eventually be renamed "Fulton Street" after the ferry company. The "New Ferry" crossed further east, between Catherine Street in Manhattan, and Main Street in Brooklyn.
As the City of Brooklyn grew, the area south of Atlantic Avenue (known as "South Brooklyn") began to become built-up, but lacked easy access to the ferry terminals in the northern parts of the city of Brooklyn. Thus, a new ferry was established in 1836 to take passengers directly to Atlantic Avenue and the southern parts of the City of Brooklyn, and so was called the "South Ferry". The ferry connected to the foot of Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn and the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad (later part of the Long Island Rail Road) through the Cobble Hill Tunnel. In addition, South Ferry was the name of the Brooklyn landing and ferry house of the aforementioned ferry.
See also 
- Battery Park City Ferry Terminal
- West Midtown Ferry Terminal
- Paulus Hook Ferry Terminal
- Weehawken Port Imperial
- Fulton Ferry, Brooklyn
- Battery Maritime Building
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