1 (New York City Subway service)

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Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local
1 symbol
1 map
Northern end Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street
Southern end South Ferry
Stations 38 (incl. Cortlandt Street)

The 1 Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. It is colored tomato red on station signs, route signs and the official subway map, since it uses the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line for its entire route.

The 1 service operates local at all times between Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street in Riverdale, Bronx and South Ferry in Lower Manhattan. It is the only service in the system that has elevated stations in Manhattan (125th Street and all stations north of and including Dyckman Street).

History[edit]

R12 IRT 1.svg
R12 thru R36 end rollsign
1 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967–1979 bullet
NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg
1979–present bullet

When the first subway opened between 1904 and 1908, one of the main service patterns was the West Side Branch, running from Lower Manhattan to Van Cortlandt Park via what is now the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, 42nd Street Shuttle, and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line. There was both local and express service with express trains using the express tracks south of 96th Street. Some express trains ran to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn via the Joralemon Street Tunnel during rush hours while all other trains turned around at City Hall or South Ferry.[1][2][3]

The first portion of the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line south of Times Square – 42nd Street, a shuttle to 34th Street – Penn Station, opened on June 3, 1917.[4] This shuttle was extended south to South Ferry, with a shorter shuttle on the Brooklyn branch between Chambers Street and Wall Street, on July 1, 1918.[5] Finally, the new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[6]

The local tracks ran to South Ferry, while the express tracks used the Brooklyn branch to Wall Street, extended to Atlantic Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel on April 15, 1919.[7] Extensions of the Eastern Parkway Line and the connecting Nostrand Avenue Line and New Lots Line opened in the next few years with the end result being that West Side trains ran to Flatbush Avenue or New Lots Avenue.

On February 6, 1959, the 1 train became the West Side local. Previously, 1 trains ran express along the West Side and into Brooklyn, and the 3 was the local service to South Ferry. Since then, 1 train service has remained consistent.

On August 21, 1989, the 1/9 weekday skip-stop service was formed.[8][9] Skip-stop service operated north of 137th Street – City College between the hours of 6:30 am and 7:00 pm 1 trains skipped Marble Hill – 225th, 207th, 191st and 145th Streets while 9 trains skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.

In 1994, midday skip-stop service was discontinued;[10] 191st Street was no longer a skip-stop station.

After September 11, 2001, 1 trains had to be rerouted since the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line ran directly under the World Trade Center site and was heavily damaged in the collapse of the Twin Towers. It ran only between 242nd Street and 14th Street, making local stops north of and express stops south of 96th Street. The 9 train and skip-stop service were suspended. On September 19, after a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed. 1 trains made all stops from 242nd Street to New Lots Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel and IRT Eastern Parkway Line, to replace 3 trains (which terminated at 14th Street) at all times except late nights, when it terminated at Chambers Street in Manhattan instead. On September 15, 2002, 1 trains returned to South Ferry and the 9 train and skip-stop service was restored, but Cortlandt Street, which was directly underneath the World Trade Center and dismantled as part of the clean-up, will remain closed until further notice.[11]

On May 27, 2005, the 9 train and skip-stop service were discontinued.[10]

On March 16, 2009, the new South Ferry station opened, replacing the original loop station.[12]

1 service was affected by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 following serious flood damage at South Ferry. Rector Street served as a temporary terminal until April 4, 2013,[13] when the 1 returned to the reopened loop station.[14]

Gallery[edit]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The 1 service uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.

Line From To Tracks
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street South Ferry local

Stations[edit]

The 1 operates local along the entire IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, which includes crossing the Broadway Bridge between Marble HIll and Inwood, Manhattan and several portions north of 96th Street where an unused center track is present.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Time period details
1 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and notes
The Bronx
Stops all times Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street
Stops all times 238th Street 242nd Street-bound platform is exit-only
Stops all times 231st Street Handicapped/disabled access
Manhattan
Stops all times Marble Hill – 225th Street Metro-North Hudson Line at Marble Hill
Stops all times 215th Street
Stops all times 207th Street Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Dyckman Street Handicapped/disabled access Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
Stops all times 191st Street
Stops all times 181st Street George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal
Stops all times 168th Street A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops all times 157th Street
Stops all times 145th Street
Stops all times 137th Street – City College Northern terminal for some rush hour trains
Stops all times 125th Street
Stops all times 116th Street – Columbia University M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times Cathedral Parkway – 110th Street M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 103rd Street
Stops all times 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all times
Stops all times 86th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 79th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all times
Stops all times 66th Street – Lincoln Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 late nights
Stops all times 59th Street – Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access 2 late nights
A all times B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. C all except late nights D all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops all times 50th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Times Square – 42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all times
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street – Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times 28th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 23rd Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 18th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 14th Street 2 all times 3 all except late nights
F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times Christopher Street – Sheridan Square 2 late nights PATH at Christopher Street
Stops all times Houston Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Canal Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Franklin Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Chambers Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Station closed Cortlandt Street Closed since September 11, 2001, due to heavy damage sustained from same. (see picture from station index)
Stops all times Rector Street
Services to South Ferry loops and South Ferry – Whitehall Street split
Service to South Ferry loops
Stops all times South Ferry R weekdays except late nights (BMT Broadway Line) M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at South Ferry
Service to South Ferry – Whitehall Street
Station closed South Ferry – Whitehall Street Handicapped/disabled access Station is temporarily closed due to damage sustained during Hurricane Sandy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commerce and Industry Association of New York, Pocket Guide to New York, 1906, pp. 19–26
  2. ^ The New York Times, Bronx to Montauk; One Change of Cars, April 30, 1908, page 4
  3. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac, 1916
  4. ^ The New York Times, Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, June 3, 1917, page 33
  5. ^ The New York Times, Open New Subway to Regular Traffic, July 2, 1918, page 11
  6. ^ The New York Times, Open New Subway Lines to Traffic, August 2, 1918, page 1
  7. ^ The New York Times, Open Clark Street Line, April 16, 1919, page 18
  8. ^ "Announcing 1 and 9 skip-stop service on the Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line". The Subway Nut. Archived from the original on August 5, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  9. ^ "The New York City Transit Authority in the 1980s". nycsubway.org. Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  10. ^ a b Chan, Sewell (January 12, 2005). "MTA Proposes Dropping No. 9 Train". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010. 
  11. ^ Lueck, Thomas J. (September 15, 2002). "Old Service, Old Stops Restored on West Side". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010. 
  12. ^ MTA Opens New South Ferry Station Retrieved April 13, 2010
  13. ^ Restoring South Ferry Station Retrieved December 25, 2012
  14. ^ South Ferry Loops Opened April 2013 Retrieved March 05, 2013

External links[edit]