South Korean legislative election, 1996

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
South Korean legislative election, 1996
South Korea
1992 ←
11 April 1996
→ 2000

All 299 seats to the National Assembly of South Korea
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 63.9%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Kim Young-sam.png Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Kim Jong-pil 1999.png
Leader Kim Young-sam Kim Dae-jung Kim Jong-pil
Party New Korea National Congress ULD
Leader since 28 August 1992 (DLP)
6 December 1995
5 September 1995 21 March 1995
Leader's seat not contesting
(President)
PR List 14
(lost seat)
Buyeo
Last election 149 seats, 38.5%(DLP) 97 seats, 29.2%(DP) none
Seats before 165 65 25
Seats won 139 79 50
Seat change Decrease 26 Increase 14 Increase25
Popular vote 6,783,730 4,971,961 3,178,474
Percentage 34,5% 25.3% 16.2
Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea
Constitution

Parliamentary elections were held in South Korea on 12 April 1996.[1] The result was a victory for the New Korea Party, which won 139 of the 299 seats in the National Assembly. Voter turnout was 63.9%. Even though the New Korea Party remained as the largest party in the National Assembly, it lost the majority.

Parties[edit]

The governing New Korea Party (formally the Democratic Liberal Party) of President Kim Young-sam, lost its absolute parliamentary majority. The election was held three years into President Kim's five year mandate.

The opposition National Congress for New Politics was formed by veteran opposition leader Kim Dae-jung and his supporters in the Democratic Party. Kim had retired from politics following his loss in the 1992 Presidential election but formed the party after his return in 1995. The right-wing United Liberal Democrats was led by former Prime Minister of South Korea Kim Jong-pil, a former ally of President Kim. He had been a member of the former ruling Democratic Liberal Party but broke with it following Kim's victory in 1992. It joined with Kim Dae Jung's opposition.

The minor Democratic Party had once been the premier opposition party. It supported Kim Dae-jung's unsuccessful Presidential campaign in 1992 and was the largest opposition party in the outgoing National Assembly. However, following the defection of Kim and his supporters, the party was reduced to a minor force. It later merged to Kim's party.

21st Century Korean Independence Party(21세기한독당) was the shortest-lived party(only 20 days) in South Korean history, which registered in March 25 of 1996, and dissolved in April 13 of same year.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
New Korea Party 6,783,730 34.5 139 -10
National Congress for New Politics 4,971,961 25.3 79 New
United Liberal Democrats 3,178,474 16.2 50 New
United Democratic Party 2,207,695 11.2 15 -82
Unified People of Non-faction Party 177,050 0.9 0 New
Great Korean Democratic Party 3,114 0.0 0 New
21st Century Korean Independence Party 1,693 0.0 0 New
Chinmin Party 571 0.0 0 New
Independents 2,328,785 11.8 16 -5
Invalid/blank votes 469,726 - - -
Total 20,122,799 100 299 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8

External links[edit]