South Korean presidential election, 1992

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Korea
presidential election, 1992
South Korea
1987 ←
18 December 1992
→ 1997

  Kim Young-sam.png Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Chung Ju-yung (Cropped).jpg
Nominee Kim Young-sam Kim Dae-jung Chung Ju-yung
Party Democratic Liberal Democratic United People's
Popular vote 9,977,332 8,041,284 3,880,067
Percentage 42.0% 33.8% 16.3%

PESK1992 RESULT MAP.png

provinces and cities majority won by

– Kim Young-sam – Kim Dae-jung


President before election

Roh Tae-woo
Democratic Liberal

Elected President

Kim Young-sam
Democratic Liberal

The 14th South Korean presidential election took place on 18 December 1992. This was the second democratic election since 1971; voter turnout was 81.9%.

Background[edit]

On 22 January 1990, two opposition leaders Kim Young-Sam and Kim Jong-Pil led their parties merged into the ruling party Democratic Justice Party, formed as Democratic Liberal Party, led by President Roh Tae-woo. Before merged Roh's party did not have a majority in National Assembly. After merged they had over two-thirds majority, which could pass all the bills without any obstruct from the opposition. This was angry to Kim Dae-Jung, who had been three times force to go on a hunger strike. In 1992, businessman Chung Ju-yung came into join the elections.

Results[edit]

The right-wing conservative Democratic Liberal Party presidential candidate Kim Young-Sam won the presidential election, defeated opposition leader Kim Dae-Jung, which was his third time to be defeated. Kim later announced to retire from politics. The conservative party won the election continued to hold the government until 1998, when Kim Dae-Jung won the elections.

Candidate Party Votes % of Votes
Kim Young-sam Democratic Liberal Party (민주자유당) 9,977,332 42.0%
Kim Dae-jung Democratic Party (민주당) 8,041,284 33.8%
Chung Ju-yung United People's Party (통일국민당) 3,880,067 16.3%
Park Chan-jong New Politics Reform Party (새정치개혁당) 1,516,047 6.4%
Baek Gi-Wan Independent 238,648 1.0%
Kim Ok-sun Independent 86,292 0.4%
Lee Byeong-ho Korean Justice Party 35,739 0.22%
Invalid ballots 319,761 0.6%
(Total electorate: 29,422,658 - Turnout rate: 81.9%) Total 24,095,170 100%
provinces · cities Kim Young Sam 1996.png Bill Clinton Kim Dae-Jung (cropped headshot).jpg Chung Ju-yung.jpg
Kim Young-sam
DLP
Kim Dae-jung
DP
Chung Ju-yung
UPP
Votes % Votes % Votes %
Seoul 2,167,298 36.4% 2,246,326 37.7% 1,070,629 18.0%
Busan 1,551,473 73.3% 265,055 12.5% 133,907 6.3%
Daegu 690,245 59.6% 90,641 7.8% 224,642 19.4%
Incheon 397,361 37.3% 338,538 31.7% 228,505 21.4%
Gwangju 14,504 2.1% 652,337 95.8% 8,085 1.2%
Daejeon 202,137 35.2% 165,067 28.7% 133,646 23.3%
Gyeonggi 1,254,025 36.3% 1,103,498 32.0% 798,356 23.1%
Gangwon 340,528 41.5% 127,265 15.5% 279,610 34.1%
Chungcheongbuk 281,678 38.3% 191,743 26.0% 175,767 23.4%
Chungcheongnam 351,789 36.9% 271,921 28.5% 240,400 25.2%
Jeollabuk 63,175 5.7% 991,483 89.1% 35,923 3.2%
Jeollanam 53,360 4.2% 1,170,398 92.2% 26,686 2.1%
Gyeongsangbuk 991,424 64.7% 147,440 9.6% 240,646 15.7%
Gyeongsangnam 1,514,043 72.3% 193,373 9.2% 241,135 11.5%
Jeju 104,292 40.0% 85,889 32.9% 42,130 16.1%