Spanish general election, 2008

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Spanish general election, 2008
Spain
2004 ←
9 March 2008
→ 2011

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 208 (out of the 264) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies, 133 in the Senate
Opinion polls
Turnout 73.8%
Decrease1.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Zapatero cornella-cropped.jpg Rajoy Jornadas Para Mejorar tu Vida-cropped.jpg Llamazares.jpg
Leader José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Mariano Rajoy Gaspar Llamazares
Party PSOE PP IU
Leader since 22 July 2000 2 September 2003 29 October 2000
Last election 164 C & 106 S
42.6%
148 C & 126 S
37.7%
5 C & 3 S
5.0%
Seats won
169 / 350
117 / 264
154 / 350
124 / 264
2 / 350
2 / 264
Seat change Increase5 C
Increase11 S
Increase6 C
Decrease2 S
Decrease3 C
Decrease1 S
Popular vote 11,289,335 10,278,010 969,946
Percentage 43.9% 39.9% 3.0%
Swing Increase1.3 pp Increase2.2 pp Decrease1.2 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida (retrato).png MFJ 3804 (Recortada).jpg Rosa Diez.jpg
Leader Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida Josu Erkoreka Rosa Díez
Party CiU EAJ-PNV UPyD
Leader since 2004 2004 26 September 2007
Last election 10 C & 6 S
3.2%
7 C & 7 S
1.6%
Did not contest
Seats won
10 / 350
7 / 264
6 / 350
4 / 264
1 / 350
0 / 264
Seat change Steady0 C
Increase1 S
Decrease1 C
Decrease3 S
Increase1 C
Steady0 S
Popular vote 779,425 306,128 306,079
Percentage 3.0% 1.2% 1.2%
Swing Decrease0.2 pp Decrease0.4 pp New party

Most voted party in each autonomous community and province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
PSOE

Elected Prime Minister

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
PSOE

The 2008 Spanish general election was held on 9 March 2008 to elect the 9th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. At stake were all 350 seats to the Congress of Deputies and 208 of 264 seats to the Senate.

Much like the previous election, this election returned a hung parliament with governing Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) being the largest party, increasing their share of the vote but still short by seven seats of an overall majority in the Congress. The Socialist Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, declared victory on 9 March, and the opposition People's Party conceded defeat.[1] The distance between both main parties remained essentially the same as in 2004, with a slight reduction in favour of the PP. Zapatero was elected Prime Minister for a second term, after which he proceeded to form a minority government.

This election is notable for several reasons: it was the second of only two times in Spanish history that a political party won more than 11 million votes in a general election. The PSOE also won the most popular votes of any political party ever, breaking their own record in 2004. The sums of both PP and PSOE's popular votes, percentage shares and seats (almost 83.8%, over 21 million votes cast and 323 seats) accounted for the largest amount of popular support for the two main parties of Spain in a general election to date.

Candidates and coalitions[edit]

By tradition, the first candidate on each Madrid party list for the Congress of Deputies is the Prime Ministerial candidate for that party. nationalist parties who did not expect to win enough seats to be contenders for the office of Prime Minister typically designated one of their list leaders as their main candidate. Those candidates were generally featured more prominently in the Spanish national media than other list leaders or candidates. Regional, provincial and local media nearly always covers the activities of the Prime Ministerial candidates, together with the leading candidates in their area.

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party[edit]

On 9 March 2008, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero won the general elections.

As in 2004, the governing Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) was led by Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Mr Zapatero was the only PSOE candidate who sought the nomination and he was therefore proclaimed candidate on 25 November 2007 at a rally in Fuenlabrada, Madrid. The PSOE ran in all Spanish constituencies. In Catalonia, the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) operated as part of the PSOE's ticket.

The current Deputy Prime Minister María Teresa Fernández de la Vega led the party's list in the province of Valencia. After the election, she continued as Deputy Prime Minister.

José Bono Martínez, former Minister of Defence and President of Castile-La Mancha for 21 years, led the list in Toledo. After the election, he was elected President (i.e., Speaker) of the Congress of Deputies.

After some discussion due to the need for ensuring the future support of the Prime Minister for his economic policy and his intentions to retire, the current Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance, Pedro Solbes, was second on the Madrid list.[2] He continued as Minister of Economy after the election.

Other prominent politicians who led provincial lists for the Socialist Party included the current Minister of Culture, César Antonio Molina, in A Coruña, the current Home Minister, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, in Cádiz, the Minister of Public Works, Magdalena Álvarez, in Málaga, the former Minister of Housing (and now Minister of Defence) Carme Chacón, in Barcelona and the former Home Minister and current Socialist Parliamentary Group spokesman, José Antonio Alonso, in León.

There were relatively few disputes about the composition of the election lists, except for minor problems on the Balearic Island of Formentera and in the capital. In Madrid the selection of the remaining candidates on the list after the socialist leadership (Prime Minister Zapatero, Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance Solbes, and the electoral coordinator Jesús Caldera) was unclear, since the regional socialist federation had recently changed their leadership. Besides this, Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT), an old federated socialist union, suggested presenting joint lists. The final decision by the PSOE leadership to include a deputy linked to UGT, Manuel de la Rocha, ended the discussion.

People's Party[edit]

PP President Mariano Rajoy (right) and Secretary-General Ángel Acebes addressed supporters outside the party headquarters on 13, Genova St. (Madrid) after the election.

The People's Party (PP) was led by Mariano Rajoy, former Deputy Prime Minister and successor to the former Prime Minister José María Aznar. He was nominated as candidate by the National Board of Directors of the party on 10 September 2007.[3] PP ran in all the constituencies with its sister party the Navarrese People's Union (UPN) acting as part of the PP ticket in Navarre.

Rajoy chose Manuel Pizarro as his candidate for Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance.[4] Pizarro is the former chairman of Endesa, where he was noted for his criticism of the economic policies of Zapatero's Government.

The People's Party suggested reducing taxes and raising the minimum threshold for Income Tax.

Some controversy took place when the Mayor of Madrid, Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón, sought a place on the Madrid list for the Congress, something which increased his rivalry with fellow Madrid PP rank Esperanza Aguirre (president of the Community of Madrid and leader of the party in this Autonomous Community). The subsequent People's Party leadership's refusal was considered by the press as a victory for Aguirre, preventing him from taking advantage in the succession of Rajoy in the eventuality of an electoral defeat.[5] Several left leaning media and political parties referred to this as a victory of the most radical, reactionary, sectors close to Aguirre over the so-called moderate way represented by Gallardón.[6] Sources close to the People's Party denied such interpretations. Some newspapers even speculated about the possibility of internal conflicts between the supporters of each politician.[7] However, the appearance of both politicians at electoral events together stopped or at least reduced criticism.[8]

With the People's Party defeat, there was some speculation over Rajoy's eventual resigning for future electoral contests. Then, at a meeting of his party's Executive Committee on 11 March, Rajoy dispelled doubts about his future by stating that he would stand again as party leader at a party congress in June.[9]

United Left[edit]

United Left (IU) is a coalition of several leftist movements. During the previous legislature, there had been internal fighting between the main component of the coalition, the Communist Party (PCE) and the faction headed by Llamazares. This led to a primary election between October and November 2007. This internal election was contested by Gaspar Llamazares, the then General Coordinator of United Left and Margarita Sanz, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Valencian Country - the Valencian federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE).[10] On 14 November Llamazares was declared the winner, beating his contender by a wide margin. After that, three members of the Communist Party, who were most critical, including the former leader of it, Felipe Alcaraz, were expelled from the Directive Committee.

IU ran in all constituencies; in many of them, they ran in coalition with other parties. In Catalonia, IU ran with Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds. Felipe Alcaraz, executive chairman of PCE, announced his intention not to seek nomination for Seville, another of the traditional PCE/IU seats and district where he had been deputy from 1993 to 2004, in the Andalusian Council of IU, after losing the provincial assembly, he was substituted by the former mayor of Carmona Sebastián Martín Recio who failed to gain a seat.[11]

The Assembly of EUPV (IU's federation in the Valencian Community) elected Antonio Montalbán as its leading candidate for Valencia, one of the traditional districts where IU or PCE have obtained deputies, against incumbent Isaura Navarro after heated debate on ideology matters and different stances regarding the convenience of keeping a coalition with another party, the Valencian Nationalist Bloc (BNV). The coalition with the BNV was finally discarded by the party Executive. This led to a schism within EUPV which saw incumbent EUPV MP Isaura Navarro, among others, defecting to a newly created party made up of critics with the direction of EUPV. The new party was named Iniciativa pel País Valencià (IpV) and ran in these elections in coalition with the BNV, the party which had been discarded by EUPV. Ultimately EUPV failed to hold their seat in Valencia (IpV-BLOC did not win any seat in this constituency either).

The outcome of these elections proved a hard blow for IU, which got its worst ever result, obtaining two S down from five at the Spanish Parliament, subsequently Llamazares resigned in the immediate aftermath of the elections.

Convergence and Union[edit]

In November 2007, Convergence and Union (CiU) designated their leader in Congress and leader of the Democratic Union of Catalonia Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida as main candidate. CiU only contested the four Catalan provinces.

Republican Left of Catalonia[edit]

In August 2007, Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC in its Catalan acronym) designated their spokesman in the Catalan Parliament Joan Ridao i Martín as their leader for the elections. ERC ran in Catalonia and in the Valencian Community through its local branch ERPV. It also participated in an electoral coalition with other nationalist parties in the Balearic Islands constituency called Unitat per les Illes.

ERC was the party with the biggest loss in these elections, obtaining three MPs, down from their previous eight seats. These bad results opened an ongoing internal dispute over ideology and strategies.

Basque Nationalist Party[edit]

The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ–PNV) ran only in the three Basque provinces. Josu Erkoreka headed the ticket in Vizcaya, the most populous on the three provinces. In Navarre they were part of the Nafarroa Bai coalition.

Minor parties in Congress[edit]

Reallocation of seats[edit]

Escudo de España (colores THV).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Spain
Foreign relations

Four districts - Córdoba, A Coruña, Soria and Vizcaya - lost a seat in the Congress of Deputies due to net population loss in these constituencies. Then, another four - Alicante, Almería, Murcia and Toledo, all with population increases, gained a seat each.

If the 2004 general election had been fought under the new distribution of seats the ruling Socialist Party (PSOE) would have lost one seat in both La Coruña and Vizcaya, while the opposition People's Party (PP) would have had one seat fewer in Córdoba as well as in Soria. However, PSOE would have captured the additional seats in Alicante, Murcia and Toledo, whereas PP would have only won the newly added seat in Almería. In all, PSOE would have made a net gain of one seat, for a total of 165, while PP would have come down by one, to 147 seats.[12]

Campaigns[edit]

Although the official electoral campaign period in Spain only lasts for the 15 days before the election, (with the exception of the day just before the election), many parties, especially the PP and PSOE, start their "pre-campaigns" months in advance, often before having finalised their electoral lists.

PSOE[edit]

The first phase campaign was done under the slogan "Con Z de Zapatero" (With Z of Zapatero), a joke based on the Prime Minister and socialist candidate's habit of tending to pronounce words ending with D as if they ended with Z. The campaign was linked to terms like equality (Igualdad-Igualdaz) or solidarity (Solidaridad-Solidaridaz), emphasizing the policies carried out by the current government. The second phase was done under the slogan "La Mirada Positiva" (The Positive outlook), emphasising the future government platform, and "Vota con todas tus fuerzas" (Vote with all of your strength), aiming to mobilize the indecisive or potentially abstaining voters. Another common slogan through all the campaign was "Motivos para creer" (Reasons to believe in).

PP[edit]

For the pre-campaign the PP used the slogan "Con Rajoy es Posible" (With Rajoy it's Possible). Usually emphasizing PP's campaign proposals, such as "Llegar a fin de mes, Con Rajoy es Posible"(Making ends meet, With Rajoy it's Possible). IU accused PP of copying its slogan from the last municipal elections[13]

IU[edit]

IU chose the pre-campaign slogan "LlamazarES + Más Izquierda" (LlamazarES (is) More Left), calling attention to their position as the third national party.

Campaign issues[edit]

The economy[edit]

The economy became a major campaign issue due to a number of factors:

  • A slowing down in the housing market, with prices even beginning to fall in some areas.
  • Sharp increases in prices of some basic commodities.
  • Global instability as a result of market uncertainty.
  • A rise in unemployment.

The sudden emergence of the economy as a political issue came after several years of steady economic growth, and led some observers to suggest that maybe the government would have benefitted from calling an earlier election.[14] In addition to those factors both the PP and the PSOE made competing proposals on taxation.

Opinion polls[edit]

15-day average trend line of poll results from March 2004 to March 2008, with each line corresponding to a political party.

Results[edit]

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Composition of the elected Congress.
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 11,289,335 43.87 +1.28 169 +5
People's Party (PP) 10,278,010 39.94 +2.23 154 +6
United Left (IU) 969,946 3.77 −1.19 2 −3
Convergence and Union (CiU) 779,425 3.03 −0.20 10 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 306,128 1.19 −0.44 6 −1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 306,079 1.19 New 1 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 298,139 1.16 −1.36 3 −5
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 212,543 0.83 +0.02 2 ±0
Canarian Coalition-Canarian Nationalist Party (CC-PNC) 174,629 0.68 −0.25 2 −1
Andalusian Coalition (CA) 68,679 0.27 −0.43 0 ±0
Yes to Navarre (Na-Bai) 62,398 0.24 ±0.00 1 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 50,371 0.20 −0.11 0 −1
Citizens-Party of the Citizenry (C's) 46,313 0.18 New 0 ±0
Animal Rights Party (PACMA) 44,795 0.17 New 0 ±0
Greens (Verdes) 41,531 0.16 New 0 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 40,054 0.16 +0.02 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 38,202 0.15 −0.21 0 −1
New Canarias-Canarian Centre (NC-CCN) 38,024 0.15 New 0 ±0
The Greens-Green Group (LV-GV) 30,840 0.12 +0.07 0 ±0
Aralar (Aralar) 29,989 0.12 −0.03 0 ±0
Bloc-Initiative-Greens (Bloc-IDPV-EV-EE) 29,760 0.12 −0.04 0 ±0
Unity for the Islands (Unitat per les Illes) 25,454 0.10 −0.06 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 23,318 0.09 New 0 ±0
The Greens of Europe (LVE) 20,419 0.08 +0.07 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 20,126 0.08 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 20,030 0.08 +0.03 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 14,193 0.06 −0.10 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx (FE-JONS) 14,023 0.05 ±0.00 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 12,836 0.05 −0.01 0 ±0
The Greens-The Ecologist Alternative (EV-AE) 12,561 0.05 −0.07 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyL) 9,882 0.04 −0.02 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 9,056 0.04 −0.04 0 ±0
Party of Almeria (PdeAL) 8,451 0.03 New 0 ±0
The Greens (EV-LV) 7,824 0.03 New 0 ±0
Navarrese Cannabis Representation (RCN-NOK) 7,769 0.03 −0.04 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 7,386 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 7,300 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E-2000) 6,906 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Catalan Republic Party (RC) 6,746 0.03 New 0 ±0
Valencian Coalition (CVa) 5,424 0.02 New 0 ±0
Unsubmissive Seats (Ei) 5,035 0.02 +0.01 0 ±0
Communal Land (TC) 4,796 0.02 −0.01 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 4,607 0.02 ±0.00 0 ±0
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 4,509 0.02 −0.03 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 3,885 0.02 New 0 ±0
Engine and Sports Alternative (AMD) 3,829 0.01 New 0 ±0
Pensioners in Action Party (PDLPEA) 3,050 0.01 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 2,899 0.01 −0.06 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 2,837 0.01 New 0 ±0
National Alliance (AN) 2,737 0.01 New 0 ±0
Alternative in Blank (ABLA) 2,460 0.01 New 0 ±0
United Extremadura (EU) 2,346 0.01 −0.01 0 ±0
The Greens-Green Alternative (EV-AV) 2,028 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 1,956 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Party for Catalonia (PxC) 1,919 0.01 New 0 ±0
Party of the Non-Smoking (PNF) 1,616 0.01 New 0 ±0
Union for Leganes (ULEG) 1,566 0.01 New 0 ±0
Spanish Front (Frente) 1,539 0.01 New 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 1,503 0.01 New 0 ±0
Valencian Nationalist Option (ONV) 1,490 0.01 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,362 0.01 −0.12 0 ±0
Andecha Astur (AA) 1,299 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Others 14,519 0.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 286,182 1.11 −0.47
Total 25,734,863 100.00 350 ±0
Valid votes 25,734,863 99.36 +0.37
Invalid votes 165,576 0.64 −0.37
Votes cast / turnout 25,900,439 73.85 −1.81
Abstentions 9,172,740 26.15 +1.81
Registered voters 35,073,179
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
PSOE
  
43.87%
PP
  
39.94%
IU
  
3.77%
CiU
  
3.03%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.19%
UPyD
  
1.19%
ERC
  
1.16%
BNG
  
0.83%
CC-PNC
  
0.68%
Na-Bai
  
0.24%
Others
  
3.00%
Blank
  
1.11%
Parliamentary seats
PSOE
  
48.29%
PP
  
44.00%
CiU
  
2.86%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.71%
ERC
  
0.86%
IU
  
0.57%
BNG
  
0.57%
CC-PNC
  
0.57%
UPyD
  
0.29%
Na-Bai
  
0.29%

Results by region[edit]

Election results by province.
Party AN AR AS BA BC CI CN CM CL CA CE EX GA LR MA ME MU NA VA Total
PSOE S 36 8 4 4 9 7 2 9 14 25 0 5 10 2 15 0 3 2 14 169
V 51.9 46.4 46.9 44.2 38.1 39.6 43.6 44.5 42.8 45.4 40.5 52.3 40.6 43.6 39.7 48.1 32.9 34.8 41.0 43.9
PP S 25 5 4 4 3 6 3 12 18 8 1 5 11 2 18 1 7 2 19 154
V 38.2 37.0 41.6 44.0 18.5 35.0 50.0 49.4 50.0 16.4 55.1 41.8 43.9 49.5 49.2 49.0 61.2 39.2 51.6 39.9
IU S 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2
V 5.1 2.8 7.2 2.8 4.5 1.3 2.3 2.9 2.5 4.9 0.7 3.0 1.4 1.9 4.7 2.9 3.3 2.7 3.8
CiU S 10 10
V 20.9 3.0
PNV S 6 6
V 27.1 1.2
UPyD S 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
V 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.7 0.9 0.4 1.4 1.1 1.5 0.2 1.3 0.8 0.6 1.3 3.7 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.2
ERC S 3 0 3
V 7.8 0.2 1.2
BNG S 2 2
V 11.5 0.8
CC S 2 2
V 17.5 0.7
Na-Bai S 1 1
V 18.4 0.2
Others V 2.9 11.4 1.7 7.0 9.1 5.5 11.5 1.1 2.0 2.9 1.5 1.3 1.0 2.6 1.7 0.9 1.4 2.0 2.9 3.0
Blank 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.8 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.5 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.5 0.9 1.1
Total seats 61 13 8 8 18 15 5 21 32 47 1 10 23 4 35 1 10 5 33 350
Turnout 72.8 75.9 71.3 67.6 64.0 65.9 76.4 80.0 77.7 70.3 63.3 78.6 70.5 79.3 79.1 63.7 79.6 72.1 78.8 73.8

Senate[edit]

Composition of the elected Senate.
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Senate election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % +/− Elect. App. Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 101 23 124 −2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 88 19 107 +11
Catalan Agreement of Progress (PSC-ERC-ICV-EUiA)

12

8
3
1

4

2
1
1

16

10
4
2

±0

±0
±0
±0

Convergence and Union (CiU) 4 3 7 +1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 2 2 4 −3
Canarian Coalition-Canarian Nationalist Party (CC-PNC) 1 1 2 −2
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 0 1 1 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 0 1 1 ±0
Socialist Party of Majorca (PSM) 0 1 1 +1
Independent 0 1 1 +1
United Left (IU) 0 0 0 −2
Others 0 0 0 ±0
Blank ballots 524,750 2.06 −0.61
Total 25,527,940 100.00 208 56 264 +5
Valid votes 25,527,940 97.71 +0.62
Invalid votes 597,299 2.29 −0.62
Votes cast / turnout 26,125,239 74.49 −1.26
Abstentions 8,947,940 25.51 +1.26
Registered voters 35,073,179
Source(s):
Parliamentary seats
PP
  
46.97%
PSOE
  
40.53%
PSC-ERC-ICV-EUiA
  
6.06%
CiU
  
2.65%
PNV
  
1.52%
CC-PNC
  
0.76%
BNG
  
0.38%
PAR
  
0.38%
PSM
  
0.38%
Independent
  
0.38%

Investiture voting[edit]

1st round: 9 April 2008
Investiture voting for José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE)

Absolute majority: 176/350
Vote Parties Votes
Yes PSOE (168)
168 / 350
No PP (154), ERC (3), UPyD (1)
158 / 350
Abstentions CiU (10), PNV (6), IU (2), BNG (2), CC (2), Na-Bai (1)
23 / 350
1 PSOE deputy missed the voting.
2nd round: 11 April 2008
Investiture voting for José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE)

Simple majority
Vote Parties Votes
YesY Yes PSOE (169)
169 / 350
No PP (154), ERC (3), UPyD (1)
158 / 350
Abstentions CiU (10), PNV (6), IU (2), BNG (2), CC (2), Na-Bai (1)
23 / 350
Source: Historia Electoral

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Worldwide". Bloomberg.com. 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  2. ^ "El Periodico de Cataluña- 26/11/2007- Solbes confirma su permanencia en el Gobierno si el PSOE gana las elecciones legislativas". Elperiodico.com. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-06-18. [dead link]
  3. ^ (AFP) – 10/09/2007. "Agence France Press". Afp.google.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  4. ^ (AFP) – 15/01/2008 (2008-01-15). "AFP Manuel Pizarro podría ser ministro de Economía de Rajoy". Afp.google.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  5. ^ "Gallardón: ''He sido derrotado''". Elmundo.es. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  6. ^ "Post in the blog of Pepe Blanco, member of the direction of the Socialist Party". Elcuadernodepepeblanco.blogspot.com. 2004-02-27. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  7. ^ "''El PP de Vizcaya alerta de que la crisis de Gallardón puede "costar el Gobierno"''". Elpais.com. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  8. ^ http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/Rajoy/Aguirre/Gallardon/asisten/acto/clausura/conferencia/educacion/PP/elpepuesp/20080120elpepunac_2/Tes http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2008/01/20/espana/1200824766.html
  9. ^ El País, 12 March 2008
  10. ^ Izquierda Unida Official Page[dead link]
  11. ^ (Spanish)Diario de Cordoba 4-12-2007 Felie Alcaraz renuncia a encabezar la lista de IU en Sevilla
  12. ^ "redistribution of seats for 2008". Electionresources.org. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  13. ^ El PP copia el Lema de IU en su Ultima Campaña, Público, 23/11/2007
  14. ^ "Zapatero's bear fight". The Economist. 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 

External links[edit]