St Helen's Church, Overton
|St Helen's Church, Overton|
St Helen's Church, Overton, from the southwest
|OS grid reference||SD 441,576|
|Location||Church Grove, Overton, Lancashire|
|Website||St Helen, Overton|
|Heritage designation||Grade II*|
|Designated||2 May 1968|
|Architect(s)||William Coulthard (1830)
Austin and Paley (restoration)
|Materials||Sandstone, stone slate roofs|
|Deanery||Lancaster and Morecambe|
|Priest(s)||Revd D G Goddard|
|Parish administrator||Janet Purvis|
St Helen's Church, Overton, is located in Church Grove, Overton, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster and Morecambe, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.
The oldest parts of the church date from the 12th century. In 1771 it was partly rebuilt, resulting in a chancel wider than the nave. A long north transept was added in 1830, the architect being William Coulthard. A restoration of the church was carried out by the Lancaster architects Austin and Paley in 1902, when they removed plaster from the walls, added new floors, steps and seat, repaired the roof, and inserted stone mullions in three windows. This work cost £650 (£72,000 as of 2014). During the course of the restoration the architects discovered the foundation of an earlier canted apse at the east end.
St Helen's is constructed in sandstone rubble, with a stone slate roof. Its plan consists of a nave, a wider chancel, and a north transept containing the organ and a vestry. At the west end is a bellcote, beneath which is a plain two-light window. There are similar windows on the north and south sides of the nave and on the south wall of the chancel. On the south side of the church is a Norman doorway, with badly eroded carving. Above the doorway is a plaque, also eroded. The east window has a semicircular head with a keystone. The windows in the transept are tall, with mullions and round heads. Inside the church there are galleries at the west end, and in the transept. On the east wall are boards painted with the Ten Commandments and the Lord's Prayer. The pulpit, with its sounding board, dates from the 18th century. The sandstone font is octagonal on a square base.
In the churchyard, to the south of the church is a sandstone cross base and part of its shaft, probably dating from the medieval era. The churchyard also contains the war graves of an airman of World War I, and an airman and a Wren of World War II.
- St Helen, Overton, Church of England, retrieved 5 April 2012
- English Heritage, "Church of St Helen, Overton (1071774)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 April 2012
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 489, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 244–245, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- English Heritage, "Remains of cross approx 10 meres south of Church of St Helen, Overton (1071775)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 April 2012
- OVERTON (ST. HELEN) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 16 February 2013