China Food and Drug Administration

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The China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA)[1] (Chinese: 国家食品药品监督管理总局) was founded on the basis of the former State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA). In March 2013, the regulatory body was rebranded and restructured as the China Food and Drug Administration, elevating it to a ministerial-level agency.[2] The CFDA replaced a large group of overlapping regulators with an entity similar to the Food and Drug Administration of the United States, streamlining regulation processes for food and drug safety.[3] The China Food and Drug Administration is directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China, which is in charge of comprehensive supervision on the safety management of food, health food and cosmetics and is the competent authority of drug regulation in mainland China.[4]

On July 10, 2007, Zheng Xiaoyu, the former head of China's State Food And Drug Administration, was executed for taking bribes from various firms in exchange for state licenses related to product safety.[5]

Main responsibilities[edit]

Draft laws, regulations and rules and policy plans on the administration and supervision of food (including food additives and health food, the same below) safety, drugs (including traditional Chinese medicines and ethno-medicines, the same below), medical devices and cosmetics; formulate normative documents, and facilitate the establishment and implementation of the food safety responsibility mechanism, under which food companies shall bear the main responsibility and local people's governments shall take integrated responsibility; establish the direct reporting system for critical food and drug information and supervise its implementation; take measures to reduce risks on regional and systemic food and drug safety;

Formulate the regulations on food administrative licensing and supervise their implementation; establish food safety risk management mechanism, formulate annual plans for nation-wide inspection for food safety and programs for major control actions, and organize their implementation; establish the unified food safety information release system and release information on important food safety issues; participate in formulating food safety risk monitoring plans and food safety standards, and undertake food safety risk monitoring thereon;

Organize the formulation and publication of the national pharmacopeia, other drug and medical device standards and classification system, and supervise their implementation; develop good practices on research, production, distribution and use of drugs and medical devices, and supervise their implementation; undertake drug and medical device registration, supervision and inspection; establish monitoring system for adverse drug reactions, adverse events of medical devices, and undertake monitoring and response activities; draw up and improve regulations and qualifications for licensed pharmacists, guide and supervise the registration work; participate in formulating national essential medicine list and assist its implementation; formulate administrative provisions for cosmetics administration and supervise their implementation;

Formulate the investigation and enforcement system for food, drugs, medical devices and cosmetics, and organize their implementation; organize the investigation and punishment on major violations; establish recall and disposal system for defect products, and supervise the implementation;

Establish food and drug emergency response system, organize and guide the emergency response and investigation on food and drug safety incident, and supervise the implementation of investigation and punishment;

Formulate science and technology development plans for food and drug safety, and organize their implementation; accelerate the construction of food and drug testing system, electronic supervision tracking system, and information system;

Undertake the public communication, education and training, and international exchanges and cooperation in the field of food and drug safety; promote the establishment of credibility system;

Guide food and drug administration works of local governments, regulate administrative activities, and improve the interlocking mechanism between administrative enforcement and criminal justice;

Undertake the routine work of the Food Safety Commission of the State Council; take charge of comprehensive coordination on food safety administration, facilitate and improve the cooperation and coordination mechanism; supervise the work of provincial people's governments on food safety administration, and evaluate their performance;

Undertake other work assigned by the State Council and the Food Safety Commission of the State Council.


The State Food and Drug Administration is not responsible for regulating pharmaceutical ingredients manufactured and exported by chemical companies. This regulatory hole, which has resulted in considerable international news coverage unfavorable to China, has been known for a decade, but failure of Chinese regulatory agencies to cooperate has prevented effective regulation.[6]

Structure and organization of CFDA[edit]

Internal structure of CFDA

  1. General Office (Dept. of Planning and Finance)
  2. Dept. of Policy and Regulations
  3. Dept. of Food License
  4. Dept. of Food Safety Supervision
  5. Dept of Drug Registration (Dept. of TCMs and Ethno-Medicines Supervision)
  6. Dept. of Medical Devices Supervision
  7. Dept. of Drug Safety and Inspection
  8. Bureau of Investigation and Enforcement
  9. Dept. of Personnel
  10. Dept. of International Cooperation

Minister[edit]

Minister: Mr. Yong Zhang

Other leaders: Mr. Li Yin (Vice Minister), Mr. Peizhi liu (Vice Minister), Ms. Mingzhu Wang (Vice Minister), Mr. Jiacai Teng (Vice Minister), Mr. Wusi Li (Head of discipline inspection group), Mr. Zhen Wu (Vice Minister), Mr. Zhenjia Bian (Assistant Minister), Mr. Xianze Sun (Assistant Minister) and Ms. Hong Jiao (Assistant Minister)

Standards and Regulations[edit]

The medical devices regulatory system bases on regulations issued by the State Council, CFDA orders and CFDA documents that provide detailed rules for medical device registration and licensing practice. Medical device type testing must be based upon the Chinese National Standard (Chinese: Guobiao, GB) or at least on an Industry Standard (YY). Thy system is undergoing frequent changes and adjustments. In October 2013, more than 104 new YY Standards have been released.[7]

Contact[edit]

State Food and Drug Administration Address: 26 Xuanwumen Xidajie, Beijing, 100053, P.R. China Fax: 86-010-68310909

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eng.sfda.gov.cn/WS03/CL0755/
  2. ^ "China gets stronger food, drug regulator." China Daily, Xinhua. 22 March 2013. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2013-03/22/content_16336113.htm
  3. ^ "China to elevate food, drug agency to general administration." 10 March 2013. Xinhua. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/10/c_132221729.htm
  4. ^ "Consolidation of the China Food and Drug Administration," by Nick Beckett and David Pountney. CMS Cameron McKenna. 3 June 2013. http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=20a4e134-7414-4f4d-88d5-d7dd36d800a7
  5. ^ China food safety head executed
  6. ^ "Chinese Chemicals Flow Unchecked to World Drug Market" article reported by Walt Bogdanich, Jake Hooker and Andrew W. Lehren and written by Mr. Bogdanich in the New York Times October 31, 2007
  7. ^ "CFDA: More than 100 New Industry Standards released by CFDA". China Certification. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dali Yang, "Regulatory Learning and Its Discontents in China: Promise and Tragedy at the State Food and Drug Administration," in John Gillespie and Randall Peerenboom, eds., Pushing Back Globalization, Routledge, 2009.

External links[edit]