States of India by Urdu speakers

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As per Government of India census data of 2001, the total number of Urdu speakers in India were 51,536,111 (of which 51,533,954 spoke Urdu and 2,157 other dialects[1]). That amounted to about 5% of India's total population.[2] When, however, combined with its mutually intelligible sister language Hindi, the percentage of native Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) speakers becomes 46% of India's total population. But, including people who use Hindi-Urdu as their second language (e.g. Urdu for Jammu & Kashmir, Hindi for Punjab, etc.) and those who understand Hindi-Urdu (almost all of North, West and East Indias, and parts of North-East and South Indias) the percentage rises significantly to much over three quarters of India's net population.

Urdu is officially recognized in India and has official status in the National Capital Territory of Delhi to which the language has remained deeply attached through its medieval history of Muslim sultanates and empires, and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,[3], Telangana, Jammu and Kashmir.

Regional distribution[edit]

Following is a list of States and Union Territories of India by speakers of Urdu census data of 2001.[4]

Rank State Urdu speakers
Persons Males Females
India 51536111 26837143 24698968
1 Uttar Pradesh 13,272,080 6,947,596 6,324,484
2 Bihar 9,457,548 4,891,011 4,566,537
3 Maharashtra 6,895,501 3,647,547 3,247,954
4 Andhra Pradesh 6,575,033 3,351,545 3,223,488
5 Karnataka 5,539,910 2,830,719 2,709,191
6 Jharkhand 2,324,411 1,206,458 1,117,953
7 West Bengal 1,653,739 914,087 739,652
8 Madhya Pradesh 1,186,364 615,019 571,345
9 Tamil Nadu 942,299 473,914 468,385
10 Delhi 874,333 483,117 391,216
11 Rajasthan 662,983 342,981 320,002
12 Orissa 611,509 311,692 299,817
13 Gujarat 550,630 287,723 262,907
14 Uttarakhand 497,081 265,152 231,929
15 Haryana 260,687 140,038 120,649
16 Chhattisgarh 88,008 46,670 41,338
17 Goa 54,163 28,306 25,857
18 Punjab 27,660 16,971 10,689
19 Kerala 13,492 6,703 6,789
20 Jammu & Kashmir 13,251 8,293 4,958
21 Chandigarh 7,254 4,428 2,826
22 Puducherry 7,092 3,450 3,642
23 Himachal Pradesh 4,787 3,146 1,641
24 Assam 4,715 2,821 1,894
25 Sikkim 2,930 2,118 812
26 Meghalaya 2,531 1,509 1,022
27 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1,615 885 730
28 Arunachal Pradesh 1,258 883 375
29 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 994 590 404
30 Nagaland 759 562 197
31 Daman & Diu 574 388 186
32 Manipur 483 470 13
33 Tripura 313 253 60
34 Mizoram 98 84 14
35 Lakshadweep 26 14 12

For census data of 1991:.[5]

Speaker strength[edit]

Following is speaker's strength data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[6]

Language Persons who returned the language as their mother tongue Percentage to total population
1971 1981 1991 2001 1971 1981 1991 2001
Urdu 28,620,895 34,941,435 43,406,932 51,536,111 5.22 5.25 5.18 5.01

Ranking[edit]

Following is ranking data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[7]

Urdu: its rank and percentage to total population
1971 1981 1991 2001
Rank % Rank % Rank % Rank %
6 5.22 5 5.25 6 5.18 6 5.01

Percentage change[edit]

Following is percentage change data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[8]

Language Persons who returned the language as their mother tongue Decadal percentage increase
1971 1981 1991 2001 1971-81 1981-91 1991-2001
Urdu 28,620,895 34,941,435 43,406,932 51,536,111 22.08 24.23 18.73

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]