|Portrait on display in Vermont State House|
|23rd Governor of Vermont|
|Preceded by||John S. Robinson|
|Succeeded by||Ryland Fletcher|
|Born||August 12, 1787
Tinmouth, Rutland County, Vermont
|Died||November 11, 1868 (aged 81)
Royce was born in Tinmouth, Vermont on August 12, 1787. He grew up in Tinmouth, worked diligently to receive his education, farming and trapping, and selling animal pelts to obtain his books. Despite interruptions in his school time, he graduated from Middlebury College in 1807 with his class. He taught school in Sheldon, studied law in the office of his uncle, Ebenezer Marvin, Jr., and was admitted to the bar in 1809. He never married, but resided with his mother, at her request, whenever he was in his hometown.
Royce was elected Governor of Vermont in 1854, as a Whig, the last [Whig to hold the office. He was re-elected to a second one-year term, as a Republican, serving from 1854 to 1856. He was the first Republican to attain the office after the party was founded in the mid-1850s, ushering in more than a century of Republican domination in Vermont politics. Vermont elected only Republicans to the governorship until Democrat Philip Hoff won the office in 1962.
- Catalogue of Officers and Students of Middlebury College, published by the college, 1917, page 10
- History of Franklin and Grand Isle Counties, Vermont, edited by Lewis Cass Aldrich, 1891, page 228
- The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, edited by Rossiter Johnson and John Howard Brown, 1904, Rowland to Royce page
- Men of Vermont Illustrated, edited by Jacob G. Ullery, 1894, pages 91 to 92
- "Stephen Royce". National Governors Association. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- Encyclopedia of Vermont Biography, edited by Prentiss Cutler Dodge, 1912, page 39
- Gravestone photos by contributors Bill McKern and Barb Destromp, Find A Grave.com page, Stephen Royce, accessed April 1, 2012
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