List of lieutenant governors of Vermont

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The Lieutenant Governor of Vermont is elected for a two-year term and chosen separately from the Governor. The Lieutenant Governor's main responsibilities include: acting as Governor when the Governor is out of state or incapacitated; presiding over the Vermont Senate; and casting tie-breaking votes in the Senate when required. As a member of the State Senate's Committee on Committees, the Lieutenant Governor plays a role in determining committee assignments for individual Senators, as well as selecting committee chairmen, vice chairmen, and clerks.[1][2][3]

Mountain Rule[edit]

From the founding of the Republican Party in the 1850s until the 1960s only Republicans won general elections for Vermont's statewide offices. One method that made this possible was imposition of the "Mountain Rule." Under the provisions of the Mountain Rule, one U.S. Senator was a resident of the east side of the Green Mountains and one resided on the west side, and the governorship and lieutenant governorship alternated between residents of the east and west side. Nominees for Governor and Lieutenant Governor were allowed two one-year terms, and later one two-year term. For nearly 100 years likely Republican candidates for office in Vermont agreed to abide by the Mountain Rule in the interests of party unity. Several factors led to the eventual weakening of the Mountain Rule, including: the long time political dispute between the Proctor (conservative) and Aiken-Gibson (liberal) wings of the party; primaries rather than conventions to select nominees; the direct election of U.S. Senators; and several active third parties, including the Progressives, the Prohibition Party, and the Local Option movement. In the 1960s the rise of the Vermont Democratic Party and the construction of Interstate 89 also contributed to the end of the Mountain Rule. Though I-89 is a north-south route, it traverses Vermont from east to west and changed the way Vermonters view how the state is divided.[4][5]


Here is a list of lieutenant governors of Vermont in chronological order:[6][7]

As the independent Vermont Republic[edit]

# Name Party Term
1 Joseph Marsh 1778–1779
2 Benjamin Carpenter 1779–1781
3 Elisha Payne 1781–1782
4 Paul Spooner 1782–1787
5 Joseph Marsh 1787–1790
6 Peter Olcott 1790–1794
7 Jonathan Hunt 1794–1796

As the U.S. state of Vermont[edit]


      Democratic       Democratic-Republican       Federalist       Republican/National Union       Whig/National Republican/Anti-Masonic

# Name Party Term
1 Brigham, PaulPaul Brigham Democratic-Republican 1796–1813
2 Chamberlain, WilliamWilliam Chamberlain Federalist 1813–1815
3 Brigham, PaulPaul Brigham Democratic-Republican 1815–1820
4 Cahoon, WilliamWilliam Cahoon Democratic-Republican 1820–1822
5 Leland, AaronAaron Leland Democratic-Republican 1822–1827
6 Olin, HenryHenry Olin Democratic-Republican 1827–1830
7 Richards, MarkMark Richards National Republican 1830–1831
8 Egerton, LebbeusLebbeus Egerton Anti-Masonic 1831–1835
9 Jennison, Silas H.Silas H. Jennison Whig / Anti-Masonic 1835–1836
10 Camp, David M.David M. Camp Whig 1836–1841
11 Ranney, Waitstill R.Waitstill R. Ranney Whig 1841–1843
12 Eaton, HoraceHorace Eaton Whig 1843–1846
13 Sargeant, LeonardLeonard Sargeant Whig 1846–1848
14 Pierpoint, RobertRobert Pierpoint Whig 1848–1850
15 Converse, JuliusJulius Converse Whig 1850–1852
16 Kittredge, William C.William C. Kittredge Whig 1852–1853
17 Kidder, Jefferson P.Jefferson P. Kidder Democratic 1853–1854
18 Fletcher, RylandRyland Fletcher Republican 1854–1856
19 Slade, James M.James M. Slade Republican 1856–1858
20 Martin, BurnhamBurnham Martin Republican 1858–1860
21 Underwood, LeviLevi Underwood Republican 1860–1862
22 Dillingham, PaulPaul Dillingham Republican / National Union 1862–1865
23 Gardner, Abraham B.Abraham B. Gardner Republican 1865–1867
24 Thomas, StephenStephen Thomas Republican 1867–1869
25 Hendee, George W.George W. Hendee Republican 1869–1870
26 Dale, George N.George N. Dale Republican 1870–1872
27 Taft, Russell S.Russell S. Taft Republican 1872–1874
28 Hinckley, Lyman G.Lyman G. Hinckley Republican 1874–1876
29 Proctor, RedfieldRedfield Proctor Republican 1876–1878
30 Colton, Eben PomeroyEben Pomeroy Colton Republican 1878–1880
31 Barstow, John L.John L. Barstow Republican 1880–1882
32 Pingree, Samuel E.Samuel E. Pingree Republican 1882–1884
33 Ormsbee, Ebenezer J.Ebenezer J. Ormsbee Republican 1884–1886
34 Fuller, Levi K.Levi K. Fuller Republican 1886–1888
35 Woodbury, Urban A.Urban A. Woodbury Republican 1888–1890
36 Fletcher, Henry A.Henry A. Fletcher Republican 1890–1892
37 Stranahan, F. StewartF. Stewart Stranahan Republican 1892–1894
38 Mansur, Zophar M.Zophar M. Mansur Republican 1894–1896
39 Fisk, Nelson W.Nelson W. Fisk Republican 1896–1898
40 Bates, Henry C.Henry C. Bates Republican 1898–1900
41 Allen, Martin F.Martin F. Allen Republican 1900–1902
42 Stanton, Zed S.Zed S. Stanton Republican 1902–1904
43 Stearns, Charles H.Charles H. Stearns Republican 1904–1906
44 Prouty, George H.George H. Prouty Republican 1906–1908
45 Mead, John A.John A. Mead Republican 1908–1910
46 Slack, Leighton P.Leighton P. Slack Republican 1910–1912
47 Howe, Frank E.Frank E. Howe Republican 1912–1915
48 Darling, Hale K.Hale K. Darling Republican 1915–1917
49 Hulburd, Roger W.Roger W. Hulburd Republican 1917–1919
50 Stone, Mason S.Mason S. Stone Republican 1919–1921
51 Foote, Abram W.Abram W. Foote Republican 1921–1923
52 Billings, Franklin S.Franklin S. Billings Republican 1923–1925
53 Farnsworth, Walter K.Walter K. Farnsworth Republican 1925–1927
54 Jackson, HollisterHollister Jackson Republican 1927–1927
55 Wilson, Stanley C.Stanley C. Wilson Republican 1929–1931
56 Williams, BenjaminBenjamin Williams Republican 1931–1933
57 Smith, Charles M.Charles M. Smith Republican 1933–1935
58 Aiken, George D.George D. Aiken Republican 1935–1937
59 Wills, William H.William H. Wills Republican 1937–1941
60 Proctor, Mortimer R.Mortimer R. Proctor Republican 1941–1945
61 Emerson, Lee E.Lee E. Emerson Republican 1945–1949
62 Arthur, Harold J.Harold J. Arthur Republican 1949–1950
63 Johnson, Joseph B.Joseph B. Johnson Republican 1951–1955
64 Bailey, Consuelo N.Consuelo N. Bailey Republican 1955–1957
65 Stafford, Robert T.Robert T. Stafford Republican 1957–1959
66 Babcock, Robert S.Robert S. Babcock Republican 1959–1961
67 Foote, Ralph A.Ralph A. Foote Republican 1961–1965
68 Daley, John J.John J. Daley Democratic 1965–1969
69 Hayes, Thomas L.Thomas L. Hayes Republican 1969–1971
70 Burgess, John S.John S. Burgess Republican 1971–1975
71 Burns, Brian D.Brian D. Burns Democratic 1975–1977
72 Buckley, T. GarryT. Garry Buckley Republican 1977–1979
73 Kunin, Madeleine M.Madeleine M. Kunin Democratic 1979–1983
74 Smith, Peter P.Peter P. Smith Republican 1983–1987
75 Dean, Howard B.Howard B. Dean Democratic 1987–1991
76 Snelling, Barbara W.Barbara W. Snelling Republican 1993–1997
77 Racine, Douglas A.Douglas A. Racine Democratic 1997–2003
78 Dubie, Brian E.Brian E. Dubie Republican 2003–2011
79 Phillip Scott Republican 2011–present

Living former lieutenant governors[edit]

As of August 2014, seven former lieutenant governors were alive, the oldest being Barbara W. Snelling (1993–1997, born 1928). The most recent death of a former lieutenant governor was that of T. Garry Buckley (1977–1979), on May 23, 2012. The most recent serving lieutenant governor to die was John S. Burgess (1971–1975) on September 20, 2007.

Lt. Governor Lt. Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Brian D. Burns 1975–1977 (1939-11-17) November 17, 1939 (age 75)
Madeleine M. Kunin 1979–1983 (1933-09-28) September 28, 1933 (age 81)
Peter P. Smith 1983–1987 (1945-10-31) October 31, 1945 (age 69)
Howard Dean 1987–1991 (1948-11-17) November 17, 1948 (age 66)
Barbara W. Snelling 1993–1997 (1928-03-22) March 22, 1928 (age 86)
Doug Racine 1997–2003 (1952-10-07) October 7, 1952 (age 62)
Brian Dubie 2003–2011 (1959-03-09) March 9, 1959 (age 55)


  1. ^ Newspaper article, Vermont Senate Committee Assignments Finally Out, by Nancy Remsen, Burlington Free Press, January 7, 2011
  2. ^ permanent Rules of the Vermont Senate, published by Vermont State Senate, 2009 edition, page 4
  3. ^ Vermont Constitution, Chapter 2, Article 19, U.S. Constitution Online web site, accessed January 2, 2011
  4. ^ Newspaper article, The Mountain Rule in Vermont, New York Times, February 12, 1895
  5. ^ Magazine article, Mountain Rule Revisited, by Samuel B. Hand, Vermont History Magazine, published by Vermont Historical Society, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 139 to 151
  6. ^ Terms of Service, Vermont Lieutenant Governors, Vermont Secretary of State Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, 2011
  7. ^ General Election Results, Vermont Lieutenant Governor, 1818 to 2011, Vermont Secretary of State, State Archives and Records Administration, 2011

External links[edit]