Jonas Galusha

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Jonas Galusha
Jonas Galusha.jpg
Frontispiece of Volume V of Records of the Governor and Council of the State of Vermont. 1877.
6th Governor of Vermont
In office
October 14, 1809 – October 23, 1813
Lieutenant Paul Brigham
Preceded by Isaac Tichenor
Succeeded by Martin Chittenden
8th Governor of Vermont
In office
October 14, 1815 – October 23, 1820
Lieutenant Paul Brigham
Preceded by Martin Chittenden
Succeeded by Richard Skinner
Personal details
Born (1753-02-11)February 11, 1753
Norwich, Connecticut
Died September 24, 1834(1834-09-24) (aged 81)
Shaftsbury, Vermont
Political party Democratic Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Chittenden
Profession Judge / Politician

Jonas Galusha (February 11, 1753 – September 24, 1834) was the sixth and eighth Governor of Vermont for two terms in the early 19th century.

Biography[edit]

The Gov. Galusha Homestead

Galusha was born in Norwich, Connecticut, moved with his siblings and his parents, Jacob and Lydia Huntington Galusha, to Salisbury, Connecticut in 1769, then, in 1775, to Shaftsbury, Vermont.

Galusha's father, Jacob, was a farmer and a blacksmith. Though their educations were limited and from the common schools, he and his brothers were leading men in the town and to some extent in the state.

During the American Revolution his brother David was a colonel in the Green Mountain Boys, and Galusha was a captain, fighting in the Battle of Bennington on August 16, 1777.[1]

In 1778, Galusha married Mary Chittenden, daughter of Thomas Chittenden, Governor of the independent Republic of Vermont. The couple had nine children.[2] Their son, Truman Galusha [3] also married into the Chittenden family, and moved his family to Jericho, VT, near Burlington. His home there is also listed on the National Register. Another son, Elon Galusha was a well-known Baptist clergyman, and famous abolitionist [4]

The Gov. Galusha Homestead[edit]

The imposing home known as The Gov. Galusha Homestead on Rt.7A in Center Shaftsbury, Vermont, is famous as one of Vermont's architectural treasures. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [5] The magnificent Palladian window over the front entrance, and many other details are the result of design by Lavius Fillmore, the famous colonial architect from Connecticut who also designed some of Vermont's finest churches in Bennington and Middlebury.[6] The house is also well known for several beautifully-preserved early wall paintings, rare examples of the colonial practice of using murals to imitate wallpaper, which was often unavailable in early Vermont. They are featured in a book called "Early Vermont Wall Paintings" by R. L. McGrath: "Probably the earliest example in Vermont of the technique of painting on plaster in 'distemper' (i.e. tempera) occurs in the Gov. Galusha House in Center Shaftsbury. The house was completed in 1809. The Galusha House overmantel ... is the work of a highly skilled artist whose bold floral designs fill the entire surface of the chimney breast and extend as well to the adjoining walls of the room. The elegant floral pattern is executed free hand in dark outline against a dull green background." [7]

In 2010, the homestead and its farmland were protected by covenants between Galusha descendants and the Vermont Land Trust. See article. [8]

Career[edit]

A farmer and an inn-keeper, Galusha was elected to Sheriff of Bennington County, and served in that capacity through annual elections from 1781 to 1787. In 1792 he was a member of the first Council of Censors after admission to the Union. (The Council of Censors met every seven years to review statutes passed by the Vermont General Assembly and ensure their constitutionality.) From 1793 to 1798 through successive elections, he was a member of the Governor's Council (a group of 12 men with powers which made it nearly equivalent to a co-ordinate branch of the legislature.[9] During that time, his wife, Mary, died in 1794; and he subsequently married Martha "Patty" Sammons, who died in 1797.

Galusha was a county Assistant Judge from 1795 to 1798, and Judge from 1800 to 1806. He was a Judge of the Vermont Supreme Court in 1807 and in 1808. He married Abigail Ward in June 1808 and she died the following year. In 1808, he served as a presidential elector for the Democratic-Republican candidacy of James Madison.

The following year, Galusha was elected Governor of Vermont, serving until 1813.[10] He was both the predecessor and the successor of the Federalist Martin Chittenden, brother of Galusha's first wife, Mary Chittenden. During his governorship, he encouraged war with England in 1812. In 1814 he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Galusha served another term as Governor of Vermont, elected year by year from 1815 to 1820. He was a presidential elector in the 1820 and 1824 elections.

Death[edit]

Galusha's fourth wife, Abigail "Nabby" Atwater Beach Galusha died in 1831.[11] He died of a stroke in Shaftsbury in 1834. He was active in the Baptist Church. He and his four wives are interred at the Center Shaftsbury Cemetery, Shaftsbury, Center Shaftsbury, Bennington County, Vermont.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jonas Galusha". Vermont Historical Society. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Jonas Galusha". National Governors Association. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  3. ^ The Truman Galusha House, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galusha_House
  4. ^ Elon Galusha, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Galusha
  5. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Register_of_Historic_Places_listings_in_Bennington_County,_Vermont, Item 20.
  6. ^ Congdon, Herbert Wheaton (1876–1965), Old Vermont Houses, 1763–1850, orig. published 1940, reprint by Wm. J Bauham, Publisher, Dublin, NH, 1973, pp. 43. 157. 160. (including interior photos) Re. Lavius Fillmore, pp. 174-179.
  7. ^ McGrath, Robert L., Early Vermont Wall Paintings 1790–1850, Univ. Press of New England, Hanover, NH, 1972.
  8. ^ http://www.vlt.org/news-publications/publications-archive/archived-press-releases/galusha
  9. ^ "Jonas Galusha". Vermont Historical Society. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  10. ^ "Jonas Galusha". National Governors Association. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "Jonas Galusha". The Political Graveyaard. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Jonas Galusha". Find A Grave. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 

External links[edit]