Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Sunrise (film)" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Sunrise (1926 film).
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans
Sunrise vintage.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by F. W. Murnau
Produced by William Fox
Screenplay by Carl Mayer
Based on "Die Reise nach Tilsit" 
by Hermann Sudermann
Starring George O'Brien
Janet Gaynor
Margaret Livingston
Music by Hugo Riesenfeld
Ernö Rapée
Cinematography Charles Rosher
Karl Struss
Edited by Harold D. Schuster
Distributed by Fox Film Corporation
Release date(s)
  • September 23, 1927 (1927-09-23)
Running time 95 minutes
Country United States
Language Silent film
English intertitles

Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, also known as Sunrise, is a 1927 American silent film directed by German film director F. W. Murnau. The story was adapted by Carl Mayer from the short story "Die Reise nach Tilsit" ("A Trip to Tilsit"[1][2]) by Hermann Sudermann.

Sunrise won an Academy Award for Unique and Artistic Production at the first Academy Awards ceremony in 1929 and sixty years later was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry of the United States Library of Congress for films that are "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."[3] The 10th anniversary update of the American Film Institute's best 100 films in 2007 placed it #82,[4] while the decennial Sight and Sound poll of 2012 for the British Film Institute named it the fifth-best film in the history of motion pictures by critics, and 22nd by directors.[5]

Murnau chose the new Fox Movietone sound-on-film system, so it is one of the first with a soundtrack of music and sound effects. It incorporated Charles Gounod's Funeral March of a Marionette, which was later used as the theme for the television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-65).

Although the original negative was destroyed in a nitrate fire in 1937, a new negative was created from a surviving print.[6]

Plot[edit]

The Man (George O'Brien) asks the Wife (Janet Gaynor) to go on a boat ride.

A vacationing Woman from the City (Margaret Livingston) lingers in a lakeside town for weeks. After dark, she goes to a farmhouse where the Man (George O'Brien) and the Wife (Janet Gaynor) live with their child. She whistles from the fence outside. The Man is torn, but finally departs, leaving his wife with the memories of better times when they were deeply in love.

The man and woman meet in the moonlight and kiss passionately. She wants him to sell his farm—which has not done well recently—to join her in the city. When she suggests that he solve the problem of his wife by drowning her, he throttles her violently, but even that dissolves in a passionate embrace. The Woman gathers bundles of reeds so that when the boat is overturned, the Man can stay afloat.

The Wife suspects nothing when her husband suggests going on an outing, but when they set off across the lake, she soon grows suspicious. He prepares to throw her overboard, but when she pleads for his mercy, he realizes he cannot do it. He rows frantically for shore, and when the boat reaches land, the Wife flees.

She boards a trolley, and he follows, begging her not to be afraid of him. The trolley brings them to the city. Her fear and disappointment are overwhelming. He plies her with flowers and cakes and finally she stops crying and accepts his gifts. Emerging back on the street, they are touched to see a bride enter a church for her processional, and follow her inside to watch the wedding. The Man breaks down and asks her to forgive him. After a tearful reconciliation, they continue their adventure in the city, having their photograph taken together and visiting a funfair. As darkness falls, they board the trolley for home.

Soon they are drifting back across the lake under the moonlight. A sudden storm causes their boat to begin sinking. The Man remembers the two bundles of reeds he placed in the boat earlier and ties the bundles around the Wife. The boat capsizes, and the Man awakes on a rocky shore. He gathers the townspeople to search the lake, but all they find is a broken bundle of reeds floating in the water.

Convinced the Wife has drowned, the grief-stricken Man stumbles home. The Woman From the City goes to his house, assuming their plan has succeeded. The Man begins to choke her. Then the Maid calls to him that his wife is alive, so he releases the Woman and runs to the Wife, who survived by clinging to one last bundle of reeds.

The Man kneels by the Wife's bed as she slowly opens her eyes. The Man and the Wife kiss, while the Woman From the City's carriage rolls down the hill toward the lake, and the film dissolves to the sunrise.

Cast[edit]

Style[edit]

Gaynor and O'Brien pose in the boat for a promotional photo for Sunrise.

Sunrise was made by F. W. Murnau, a German director who was one of the leading figures in German Expressionism, a style that uses distorted art design for symbolic effect. Murnau was invited by William Fox to make an Expressionist film in Hollywood.

The resulting film features enormous stylized sets that create an exaggerated, fairy-tale world; the city street set alone reportedly cost over US$200,000 to build and was re-used in many subsequent Fox productions including John Ford's Four Sons (1928).[7] Much of the exterior shooting was done at Lake Arrowhead, California.

Full of cinematic innovations, the groundbreaking cinematography (by Charles Rosher and Karl Struss) featured particularly impressive tracking shots. Titles appear sparingly, with long sequences of pure action and the bulk of the story told in Murnau's signature style. The extensive use of forced perspective is striking, particularly in a shot of the City with normal-sized people and sets in the foreground and smaller figures in the background by much smaller sets.

The characters go unnamed, lending them a universality conducive to symbolism.[8] Veit Harlan compared his German remake Die Reise nach Tilsit (1939), pointing to the symbolism and soft focus of Sunrise he claimed that it was a poem, whereas his realistic Die Reise nach Tilsit was a film.[9]

Reception[edit]

Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times highly praised the film calling it "A Film Masterpiece."[1] Time said it was a "meagre story" and "manages to remain picturesquely soporific for a long evening."[2]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Award wins (1929)[10]

Academy Award nominations (1929)

Other distinctions

DVD and Blu-ray releases[edit]

20th Century Fox originally released Sunrise on DVD in Region 1, but only as a special, limited edition available only by mailing in proofs-of-purchase for other DVD titles in their 20th Century Fox Studio Classics line, or as part of the box set Studio Classics: The 'Best Picture' Collection. Individual copies of this DVD can frequently be found on eBay. The DVD includes commentary, a copy of the film's trailer, details about Murnau's lost film Four Devils, outtakes and a great many more features.

In late 2008, Fox released the "Murnau, Borzage and Fox Box Set" in some markets. Both Movietone and European silent versions of "Sunrise" are included. A documentary of the three individuals is also part of the collection.

Sunrise has also been released on DVD in the UK as part of the Masters of Cinema series. In September 2009, Masters of Cinema released a 2-disc DVD reissue, containing both the Movietone version and the shorter Czech print found on the 2008 "Murnau, Borzage and Fox" DVD, as well as the extra features found on the previous Masters of Cinema DVD release and the Fox Studio Classics release. The film was released simultaneously on Blu-ray Disc,[12] with both versions of the feature rendered in 1080p High-definition video, and both the stereo and the mono soundtracks rendered in Dolby TrueHD lossless audio. This UK release was the first occasion of a silent film being released on Blu-ray. The Blu-ray disk is apparently not region-encoded, and thus should be viewable on any Blu-ray disk player.[13]

In January 2014, the film will be released in the US on a Blu-ray/DVD combo pack by 20th Century Fox.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Screen", Mordaunt Hall, The New York Times, September 24, 1927.
  2. ^ a b "New Pictures: Oct. 3, 1927", Time, October 3, 1927
  3. ^ Eagan, Daniel. America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. New York: Continuum, 2010, p. 131-133.
  4. ^ "100 Years...100 Movies". American Film Institute. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  5. ^ http://www.bfi.org.uk/polls-surveys/greatest-films-all-time-2012
  6. ^ Silent Is Golden DVD Journal. Retrieved 2009-9-16
  7. ^ Gallagher, Tag John Ford: The Man and his Films (University of California Press, 1986), p.55
  8. ^ Molly Haskell, From Reverence to Rape: the Treatment of Women in the Movies p. 46 ISBN 0-03-007606-4
  9. ^ Cinzia Romani, Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich p86 ISBN 0-9627613-1-1
  10. ^ "NY Times: Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  11. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0018455/awards
  12. ^ Sunrise at the Masters of Cinema catalogue
  13. ^ Galloway, Chris (February 26, 2010). "Sunrise [Blu-ray] (1927)". CriterionForum.org. 

External links[edit]