Sverdlovsk, Luhansk Oblast
|• Mayor||Oleksandr Shmalts|
|• Total||83 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||268 m (879 ft)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+380) 6434|
|Vehicle registration||BB / 13|
Sverdlovsk (Ukrainian: Свердловськ, translit. Sverdlovs’k; Russian: Свердловск) is a city in Luhansk Oblast (province) of south-eastern Ukraine on the border with the Russian Federation. Serving as the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk.
In 2001 its estimated population was around 72,531. Most of the city residents work in the mining industry. The city municipality also includes the city of Chervonopartyzansk, six towns and several smaller settlements.
The city serves as an international gateway between Ukraine and Russia and has border checkpoint in Chervonopartyzansk.
The city tracks its roots from a small village in the headstream of Dolzhyk River. At the end of the 18th century, it was granted by Catherine II of Russia to ataman Vasyl Orlov as a reward for his excellent military service. The farmland took on the name Dolzhykovo-Orlovske. Development of the area significantly expanded towards the end of the 19th century, after the discovery of coal in the Donetsk region.
In 1938 number of local settlements as well as the Sverdlov mine (today is part of the Sverdlovantratsyt company) were merged into the city of Sverdlovsk in memory of the Bolshevik leader Yakov Sverdlov.
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