Talk:Kara-Khitan Khanate

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Untitled[edit]

previous contents blanked for reasons of meaninglessness.

Move?[edit]

I think this article should be moved to the Kara-Khitai empire, or similar variants. Their administration was primarily imperial, mixed with some Central Asian practices. Khanate doesn't really describe the empire that well--Confuzion 23:47, 12 October 2006 (UTC)

I would find Western Liao preferable -- and I don't believe doing so would be Sinocentric. The reason is that there is no real evidence that the state ever referred to itself as Kara-Khitan. --Nlu (talk) 02:47, 13 October 2006 (UTC)
The term Kara-Khitai is likely a post-historical invention, at least in reference to the specific state. The state never referred to itself as Kara-Khitai or Kara-Khitan, as recorded in any official documents from contemporary sources. The term Kara-Khitai came into popular use after the Mongol conquest, and was probably later adopted by Muslims to differentiate it from Khitai/Khitay, since the meaning of Khitai/Khitay had shifted over time to mean northern China. There is only one reference to the term "Kara Khitai" in any historical documents. The document, discovered by archaeologists, is attributed to the Liao Dynasty and is written in the Khitan small script. It's unclear if Kara Khitai was used to refer to the state or to the people.
Calling the state a Khanate is incorrect for many reasons, so moving it to anything else would be an improvement. Since the Khitan of Western Liao did not adopt Islam, the modern Central Asian states have tended to ignore their history; most research on their history have been conducted by the Chinese, thus the inevitable Western backlash against Sino-centrism when it comes to such topics. I agree that Western Liao is the clearest term for naming this state, since they were initially known as the Western Liao (from the Chinese), the Dashi (from the Jurchens) or Khitay/Khitai (from the Persians/Arabs). For whatever reasons, Chinese historians had traditionally considered the state to be a proper Chinese state, probably due to its adoption of Confucianism in government, among other things.--Confuzion 04:01, 13 October 2006 (UTC)
It is called Kara-Kitad in the Secret History of the Mongols. So it's no invention. Where is the evidence that they called themselves "Western Liao"? The ruler of Kara-Kitai was called had the title of Gur-khan, meaning Khan of a great power. Perhaps this is an equivalent to an emperor. Gantuya eng 09:07, 14 October 2007 (UTC)

Kara Khitan[edit]

The term "Kara" is a Turkish word meaning "black", as in Kara Kum Desert (literally Black Sand). Historically, Kara has been used to denote Turkic People who are not from the ruling class. The term Kara might have been added later to describe Khitans under Turkic or Uighur rule. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 88.247.198.111 (talk) 16:51, 18 November 2010 (UTC)

Xara in daur language means black, Khar in mongolian means black, Qara in kyrgyz means black.--158.181.183.61 (talk) 02:00, 10 December 2012 (UTC)

Qara-Khitan Khanate ?[edit]

"Qara-Khitan Khanate" 0

Takabeg (talk) 17:25, 6 July 2011 (UTC)

That would be why I moved it back. siafu (talk) 17:27, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
That was my mistake that didn't pay attention to it. I just thought to the latinization of the letter ق. sorry. --Aliwiki (talk) 08:03, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
Mohem nist. We also know the letter ق is transliterated into q. But WP:COMMONNAME and WP:USEENGLISH is kheili mohem : )) Takabeg (talk) 10:24, 7 July 2011 (UTC)

Sources[edit]

http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XBSD200206030.htm

http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XYYJ200404006.htm

http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Pd80dn6A8XAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=yelu+dashi&ots=yKYI_ymH1O&sig=5JjH7Q4aAysCH7DRd8B0xrSUPO0#v=onepage&q=yelu%20dashi&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7f9gS40A_3IC&oi=fnd&pg=PA257&dq=yelu+dashi&ots=d_XQmSb6GM&sig=hlEPkgWhri-cs4Qe108rwNy-FBQ#v=onepage&q=yelu%20dashi&f=false

http://jis.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/3/379.short

http://jis.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2006/07/16/jis.etl035.full.pdf

http://asiecentrale.revues.org/index619.html

http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7f9gS40A_3IC&oi=fnd&pg=PA257&dq=yelu+dashi+islam&ots=d_XQmSb7IU&sig=4lVRm-RHofnY1UyjF06xg6f9I_I#v=onepage&q=yelu%20dashi%20islam&f=false

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract;jsessionid=B9A0B19ADD810B5E6844C3182E4984AB.journals?fromPage=online&aid=5573124

http://jis.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/3/379.short

http://www.turuz.info/Turkoloji-Tarix/430-Mongols,%20Turks,%20And%20Others%20-Eurasian%20Nomads%20And%20The%20Sedentary%20World%20(Reuven%20Amitai%20And%20Michal%20Biran)%20(Brill-2005).pdf#page=195

coins

http://www.academia.edu/5544924/The_coinage_of_Qara_Khitay_a_new_evidence_on_the_reign_title_of_the_Western_Liao_Emperor_Yelu_Yilie_

http://books.google.com/books?id=8FVsWq31MtMC&pg=PA41#v=onepage&q&f=false

Title as Emperor of China

http://books.google.com/books?id=8FVsWq31MtMC&pg=PA42#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 06:55, 5 February 2013 (UTC)

Pusuwan[edit]

Pusuwan

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA162&dq=Pusuwan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BqkQUbvJL-bG0AH61YGYBA&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Pusuwan&f=false

Put primary sources into wikisource

http://books.google.com/books?id=Iq0IAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA283&dq=Pusuwan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0KwQUbfFCOHU0gH1_ICQCw&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Pusuwan&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=n_8AAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA283&dq=Pusuwan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0KwQUbfFCOHU0gH1_ICQCw&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Pusuwan&f=false

In german

http://books.google.com/books?id=gcwOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA186&dq=Pusuwan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0KwQUbfFCOHU0gH1_ICQCw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Pusuwan&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 06:56, 5 February 2013 (UTC)

Chinese was the dominant language both administratively and as the language with the most native speakers in the Kara Khitan[edit]

Chinese language was dominant in both areas.

http://books.google.com/books?id=LbmP_1KIQ_8C&pg=PA114#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://www.academia.edu/3806884/Michal_Biran._Khitan_Migrations_in_Inner_Asia_Central_Eurasian_Studies_3_2012_85-108

http://cces.snu.ac.kr/article/jces3_4biran.pdf

Chinese people

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA27#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA146#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA96&dq=Han'er+Khitan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uU8qVPHNBNP-yQSuuYHwCA&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Han'er%20Khitan&f=false

Chinese prestige

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA97#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA98#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA99#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=B934LaVBaz8C&pg=PA102#v=onepage&q&f=false

The Kara-Khitans also reintroduced the Chinese system of Imperial government, since China was still held in respect and esteem in the region among even the Muslim population,[1][2] and the Kara-Khitans used Chinese as their main official language.[3]

coins

http://www.academia.edu/5544924/The_coinage_of_Qara_Khitay_a_new_evidence_on_the_reign_title_of_the_Western_Liao_Emperor_Yelu_Yilie_

http://books.google.com/books?id=8FVsWq31MtMC&pg=PA41#v=onepage&q&f=false

Title as Emperor of China

http://books.google.com/books?id=8FVsWq31MtMC&pg=PA42#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 04:05, 28 June 2014 (UTC)

  1. ^ Biran 2012, p. 90.
  2. ^ Biran 2012, p. 90.
  3. ^ Pozzi & Janhunen & Weiers 2006, p. 114.