Tankwa Karoo National Park

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Not to be confused with Karoo National Park.
Tankwa Karoo National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Tankwa02.jpg
Satellite image of the park, with its boundaries highlighted
Map showing the location of Tankwa Karoo National Park
Map showing the location of Tankwa Karoo National Park
Location of the park
Location Northern Cape, South Africa
Nearest city Ceres
Coordinates 32°15′S 19°45′E / 32.250°S 19.750°E / -32.250; 19.750Coordinates: 32°15′S 19°45′E / 32.250°S 19.750°E / -32.250; 19.750
Area 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi)[1]
Established 1986
Governing body South African National Parks
http://www.sanparks.org/parks/tankwa/

Tankwa Karoo National Park is a Scientific National Park in South Africa. The park lies about 70 km due west of Sutherland near the border of the Northern Cape and Western Cape, in one of the most arid regions of South Africa, with areas receiving less than 100 mm of average annual precipitation,[2] moisture-bearing clouds from the Atlantic Ocean being largely stopped by the Cederberg. Other low areas receive little more, as the Roodewerf station (coordinates: S32°14’27.9” E20°05’44.5”[3]) with 180 mm of mean annual rainfall. In the hottest areas of the park, the mean maximum temperature in January is 38.9 °C, and in July the mean minimum temperature ranges from about 5 to 7 °C. Before this Park's proclamation, the only protected area of Succulent Karoo was the 2 square kilometre patch of the Gamkaberg Nature Reserve. Succulent Karoo has, together with the Cape Floral Kingdom, been declared a Biodiversity Hotspot by Conservation International.

Tankwa's area has been increased from an initial 260 to 1436 km².[1] It is bounded on the east by the Roggeveld Mountains, on the west by the Cederberg, to the north by the Kouebokkeveld Mountains and on the south by the scattered foothills of the Koedoesberge and Klein Roggeveld Mountains, and the Tankwa River. The park's headquarters are located at Paulshoek on the Renoster River in an old farmhouse converted to offices and a visitor reception area.

In 1998 Conrad Strauss sold 280 km² of sheep farm to the South African National Parks. The park has started with the reintroduction of game that used to occur naturally in the area. Research was done beforehand to ensure that introduced animals would survive on the overgrazed veld. The vegetation in the park falls within the Succulent Karoo biome and has been described as very sparse shrubland and Dwarf Shrubland. The park is home to a large variety of birds, such as the Black-headed Canary, Ludwig's Bustard, and the Black-eared Sparrow-Lark. Peak birding season is August to October.

List of mammals[edit]

List of birds[edit]

References[edit]