The Tazewell & Peoria Railroad (T&P) (reporting mark TZPR) (November 1, 2004—Present) is a short-line railroad, running entirely in Peoria County and Tazewell County, Illinois, and formed by Genesee & Wyoming Inc. to lease the assets of the century-old Peoria and Pekin Union Railway (P&PU), which is owned by Union Pacific, Norfolk Southern and Canadian National. It switches close to 100,000 cars per year and has about 142 miles of track.
The P&PU track straddles the Illinois River at Peoria, Illinois, making the T&P an important transportation link for industrial sites such as the Caterpillar plant in East Peoria, Illinois. In addition to interconnections with the P&PU track's owners, the T&P interconnects with the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, the Toledo, Peoria & Western, the Iowa Interstate Railroad, and the T&P's sister Illinois and Midland Railroad.
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