Japan Transport Engineering Company
Japan Transport Engineering Company (J-TREC) (総合車両製作所 Sōgō Sharyō Seisakusho?) is a manufacturer of heavy rail cars in Japan, formerly known as Tokyu Car Corporation (東急車輛製造 Tōkyū Sharyō-seizō?). The company is based in Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, and a member of East Japan Railway Company (JR East) group. J-TREC manufactures rail vehicles not only for JR East and Tokyu Corporation but for other Japanese operators, including various Japan Railways Group companies and international operators as well. It was founded on 23 August 1948.
Tokyu Car Corporation, the root of J-TREC, was a licencee of early-generation (early-1960s) stainless-steel commuter EMU train body and related bogie technology from the Budd Company of the United States. Since then, Tokyu Car has specialised in stainless-steel body car technology.
On 27 October 2011, Tokyu Car Corporation announced that its rolling stock manufacturing division would be acquired by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), and the company cease operations with effect from 1 April 2012. It is to be subsequently split into two companies, Tokyu Car Engineering and Keihin Steel Works. Both companies will be subsidiaries of JR East. The remaining parts and machinery manufacturing division will be sold to ShinMaywa Industries.
Name after selling divisions
On 2 April 2012, divisions (were inherited by subsidiaries) were sold and renamed.
- JR East acquired:
- New Tokyu Car Corporation (新東急車輛 Shin Tōkyū Sharyō?) (founded on 9 November 2011, inherited rolling stock manufacturing division on 1 April 2012) - Name changed to Japan Transport Engineering Company (J-TREC) (総合車両製作所 Sōgō Sharyō Seisakusho?)
- ShinMaywa acquired:
- Tokyu Car SPV Corporation (東急車輛特装 Tōkyū Sharyō Tokusō?) - Name changed to Toho Car Corporation (東邦車輛 Tōhō Sharyō?)
- New Tokyu Parking Corporation (新東急パーキング Shin Tōkyū Pākingu?) (founded on 9 November 2011, inherited parking machinery manufacturing division on 1 April 2012) - Name changed to Tokyo Engineering Systems Corporation (東京エンジニアリングシステムズ Tōkyō Enjiniaringu Shisutemuzu?)
Besides railway rolling stock, Tokyu car also manufactured special duty motor vehicles (such as dump trucks, trailers and vans), which was sold to ShinMaywa.
Some Tokyu Car projects:
- Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority Metro Rail LRV
- Boston LRV (with Boeing Vertol)
- Iarnród Éireann/Irish Rail DART Dublin Area Rapid Transit fleet expansion EMU rail cars 8520 Class. (Dublin) with Mitsui (lead contractor)
- Iarnród Éireann/Irish Rail Commuter (formerly Arrow), both original and fleet expansion IE 2800 Class. (Operate on Commuter routes in Cork and Dublin) with Mitsui (lead contractor)
- Iarnród Éireann/Irish Rail Intercity (national express passenger services) fleet replacement. Tokyu Car was the bogie supplier for a fleet of high spec. DMUs capable of 160 km/h operation. These rolled out between 2007 to 2010 and operate services on all Irish Rail routes, except key Cork-Dublin Express services operated by CAF built Mark 4 push-pull trains capable of 200km/h operation but run at 160km/h at present and the Dublin-Belfast Enterprise operated by De Dietrich built push-pull stock limited to 145km/h operating speeds). The lead contractor was Mitsui. Coaches were built by Rotem and specialist diesel-hydraulic power packs were built by MTU Friedrichshafen (engine) and Voith (transmission system).
- Taiwan Railway Administration DMU2900/3000 classes
- Metro-North Commuter Railroad M-4 EMU car for its New Haven Line (1988)
- Shinkansen EMU Cars
- JR East 209, E217, E231, E531 and E233 series EMU rail cars
- JR East E751 series EMU rail cars for limited express (2000)
- JR Shikoku 5100 type bilevel cab cars (2003)
- Kawasaki Heavy Industries C151 cars with Nippon Sharyo and Kinki Sharyo
- Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority Red Line heavy rail cars
- Matsumura, Hiroshi (September 2012). "東急車輌製造株式会社 63年余の車両製造史 －その1" [Tokyu Car Corporation: 63 Years of Rolling Stock Building History (Part 1)]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 52 (617): p.110–113.
- http://www.asahi.com/business/update/1027/TKY201110270406.html. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- http://www.tokyu-car.co.jp/koukoku/111027_kuusyubunkatu.pdf. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-11-30.