Tripoli International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the airport in Tripoli, Libya. For the airport in Tripoli, Greece, see Tripolis Airport.
Tripoli International Airport
مطار طرابلس العالمي
Tripoli Airport.jpg
IATA: TIPICAO: HLLT
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aviation and Meteorology Bureau
Serves Tripoli
Location Tripoli, Libya
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 263 ft / 80 m
Coordinates 32°40′10″N 013°09′24″E / 32.66944°N 13.15667°E / 32.66944; 13.15667Coordinates: 32°40′10″N 013°09′24″E / 32.66944°N 13.15667°E / 32.66944; 13.15667
Map
TIP is located in Libya
TIP
TIP
Location within Libya
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 3,600 11,811 Asphalt/Concrete
18/36 2,235 7,333 Asphalt
Statistics (2008)
Passengers 3,070,200
Source: List of the busiest airports in Africa

Tripoli International Airport (IATA: TIPICAO: HLLT) (Arabic: مطار طرابلس العالمي) is an international airport that serves Tripoli, Libya. It is operated by the Civil Aviation and Meteorology Bureau of Libya and is the nation's largest airport.[citation needed] Located in the town of Ben Ghashir 34 kilometres (21 miles) south of the city centre, the airport is a hub for Libyan Airlines, Afriqiyah Airways and Buraq Air.

With the closure of the National Terminal as part of the construction of the new airport, all flights, international and domestic, leave the airport from the main International Passenger Terminal. The terminal capacity is 3 million passengers a year. The airport handled 2.1 million passengers in 2007, and over 3 million passengers in 2008.[1][2] Two new terminals were to be built within the next several years which would bring the total capacity of the airport to 20 million – the first new terminal was due to open by March 2011.[dated info][3]

Libyan Airlines operates the most weekly departures from the airport.[2] Transport to and from Tripoli city center usually involves taking a taxi or shared taxi. Tour operators offer coaches to and from the airport connecting it with numerous hotels in the city centre.

History[edit]

During World War II, the airfield was used by the British Royal Air Force and was named RAF Castel Benito later changing to RAF Idris in 1952. In the 1950s and 1960s the airport was named Tripoli Idris International Airport.[4][5] The airport was renovated for national and international air travel in September 1978.[6] The existing international terminal was designed and built from a masterplan developed by Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners.[7]

The airport closed from March 2011 to October 2011 as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Libya.

Anti-Gaddafi forces captured the airport during their advance on Tripoli on 21 August 2011. The airport was officially reopened on 11 October 2011.[8] In April 2012, the Zintan Brigade officially handed the control of the airport to the Libyan government forces.[9]

On 14 July 2014, the airport was the site of fierce battle between rival militias. A government spokesman stated that approximately 90% of the planes stationed at the airport were destroyed or made inoperable in the attack. The airport was closed to flights due to the clashes.[10][11]

Facilities[edit]

The airport's existing terminals and runways in a satellite image.

The airport has one main passenger terminal that serves international and domestic departures and arrivals. Check-in and arrival facilities for domestic flights are in the same building as the international terminal but in a different area. The terminal hall is a five-story building with an area of 33,000 square metres (360,000 sq ft), and is capable of handling three million passengers annually. Check-in facilities are all located on the ground floor. The departure gates are located on the floor above as is the duty-free section. Beside this is a prayer room and a first-class lounge which serves business class and above on almost all airlines operating from the airport.

The airport operates 24 hours a day. There is no overnight accommodation at the airport but there are plans to build an airport hotel to serve transit flyers. A restaurant can be found on the fourth floor of the international terminal.

The airport's Cargo-handling facilities include cranes, heavy fork lifts, roller pallet lifts and conveyor belts. There is twenty-four-hour fire protection at the airport with 112 trained personnel working at the fire station.

New terminals[edit]

Construction of the first of two new terminals.

In September 2007, the Libyan government announced a project to upgrade and expand the airport. The eventual total cost of the project, contracted to a joint venture between Brazil's Odebrecht, TAV Construction of Turkey, Consolidated Contractors Company of Greece and Vinci Construction of France, is LD2.54 billion ($2.1 billion).[1] The project is to construct two new terminals at the airport (an East Terminal and a West Terminal) on either side of the existing International Terminal. Each of the new terminals will be 162,000 square metres (1,740,000 sq ft) in size, and collectively they will have a capacity of 20 million passengers and a parking lot for 4,400 vehicles. French company Aéroports de Paris designed the terminals, which are expected to serve 100 aircraft simultaneously.[12] Work started in October 2007 on the first new terminal. The initial capacity will be 6 million passengers when the first module comes into operation.[13] Preparation is also underway for the second new terminal, which will eventually bring the total capacity to 20 million passengers; the completed airport is expected to strengthen Libya's position as an African aviation hub.[1] Although the government identified Tripoli airport as a "fast track" project in 2007, leading to construction work starting before the design was fully developed, the project will not be finished until at least May 2011. The cost of the project has also been rising, leading to an intense round of renegotiations.[14]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Afriqiyah Airways Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Amman-Queen Alia, Benghazi, Charles de Gaulle Airport ,Cairo, Casablanca, Düsseldorf, Istanbul-Atatürk, Khartoum, London-Gatwick, Monastir,[15] Rome-Fiumicino, Sebha, Tunis
Seasonal: Jeddah[16]
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino[17]
Buraq Air Bayda, Benghazi, Istanbul-Atatürk, Rabat, Sebha, Tobruk, Tunis, Sfax
EgyptAir Cairo
EgyptAir
operated by EgyptAir Express
Alexandria-Borg el Arab
Ghadames Air Transport Istanbul-Atatürk, Tunis, Sfax
Seasonal: Jeddah
Libyan Airlines Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Algiers, Amman-Queen Alia, Bayda, Benghazi, Cairo, Casablanca, Djerba, Ghadames, Ghat, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kufra, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Malta, Manchester, Sebha, Sfax, Sirte, Tobruk, Tunis, Ubari
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Syphax Airlines Djerba, Monastir, Sfax
Tunisair Tunis, Sfax
Tunisair
operated by TunisAir Express
Monastir, Sfax
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk

Cargo[edit]

A Libyan Airlines jet at Tripoli
Airlines Destinations
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai, Frankfurt, Mexico City
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Milan-Malpensa
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Royal Jordanian Cargo Vienna
TMA Cargo Amsterdam, Beirut, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Sharjah
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Tunis

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (20 May 2008). Endres, Gunter (20 May 2008). "Libya To Restructure Air Transport Sector". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 30 May 2008.
  2. ^ a b (4 September 2009)."Afriqiyah Helps Connect Libya with More Countries; New Tripoli Terminals Being Built". anna.aero. Retrieved 5 September 2009.
  3. ^ Gavlak, Dale (27 August 2010). "The 'New Dubai'? Libya Open for Business". Associated Press (via Google News). Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  4. ^ [1]. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
  5. ^ [2]. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
  6. ^ "Tripoli International Airport". LYCAA. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
  7. ^ [dead link] [3]. Retrieved 14 September 2007.
  8. ^ "Libya's NTC fighters stage final advance in Sirte holdout - CNN.com". CNN. 12 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Libyan government takes control of Tripoli airport". USAToday. 20 April 2012. 
  10. ^ New rocket attack on Tripoli airport BBC News. 15 July 2014.
  11. ^ 90% of aircraft destroyed at Tripoli airport, Libya may seek international assistance RT. 15 July 2014.
  12. ^ [dead link] "TAV To Build International Airport at Libya's Capital". Turkish Daily News. 22 August 2007.
  13. ^ [clarification needed] Flying Away, (12 February 2008)"وضع حجر الأساس لصالة ركاب مطار طرابلس العالمي الجديد " (in Arabic). flyingaway.com. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  14. ^ (27 August 2009). "Tripoli Makes Up for Lost Time in Construction Sector". MEED (from BDP Project Logistics). Retrieved 22 January 2010.
  15. ^ "Afriqiyah Airways Adds Monastir Service from late-May 2014". Airline Route. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  16. ^ Route Map April 2014, http://afriqiyah.aero/route-map.html?task=view
  17. ^ "Press Releases – 14-04-2014 – Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.it. 
  18. ^ "ASN Aircraft Accident Canadair C-4 Argonaut G-ALHL Tripoli-Idris Airport (TIP)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  19. ^ "ASN Aircraft Accident McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 HL7328 Tripoli". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  20. ^ "ASN Aircraft Accident Boeing 727-2L5 5A-DIA Tripoli International Airport". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  21. ^ Staff (12 May 2010). "Plane Crash in Libya 'Kills More than 100'". BBC News. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  22. ^ "5A-IAY Hull-Loss Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 August 2011. 
  23. ^ "5A-DLZ Criminal Occurrence Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 August 2011. 
  24. ^ [4]. flightglobal.com.
  25. ^ Salama, Vivian (26 August 2011). "Tripoli Airport Attacked by Qaddafi Forces". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  26. ^ [unreliable source?][5]. (via Facebook).

External links[edit]