Tulsa Zoo

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Tulsa Zoo
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Entrance Sign
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Date opened 1927[1]
Location Mohawk Park, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
Coordinates 36°12′31″N 95°55′47″W / 36.20868°N 95.92978°W / 36.20868; -95.92978Coordinates: 36°12′31″N 95°55′47″W / 36.20868°N 95.92978°W / 36.20868; -95.92978
Land area 85 acres (34 ha)[2]
Number of animals 2,500[2]
Number of species 436[1]
Annual visitors 600,000[2]
Memberships AZA,[3] AAM[4]
Website www.tulsazoo.org
Zoo train

The Tulsa Zoo is a 85-acre (34 ha) non-profit zoo located in Tulsa, Oklahoma USA. The Tulsa Zoo is owned by the City of Tulsa, but since 2010 has been privately managed by Tulsa Zoo Management, Inc.[5][6][7] The zoo is located in Mohawk Park, one of the largest municipal parks in the United States.

The zoo is involved in many conservation efforts, such as a push to reduce the use of palm oil,[8] FrogWatch USA, and efforts to encourage ocean conservation.[9]

The Tulsa Zoo is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Distinctions[edit]

In 2005, the Tulsa Zoo was named as "America's Favorite Zoo" by Microsoft Game Studios and was granted $25,000 in a contest designed to promote the Zoo Tycoon 2 computer game. The contest counted votes from zoo visitors across the country for many of America's top zoos, including the San Diego Zoo and the Bronx Zoo.

Animals and exhibits[edit]

Zoorassic Park[edit]

The Tyrannosaurus Rex in Zoorassic Park

A temporary exhibit from May 3 to October 31, 2014. It features 15 life-sized dinosaurs built on a steel frame and covered in a realistic-looking rubber skin.[10]

Robert J. LaFortune Wild Life Trek[edit]

Albino Alligator in the Wild LIFE Trek

The Robert J. LaFortune WildLIFE Trek is a four-building complex, formerly the North American Living Museum, and is the recipient of many awards, including best new exhibit when it was constructed in 1978. As of spring 2013 each building focuses on animals from around the world and their adaptations to life in the water, desert, forest, and cold. Animals in this complex include Siberian Cranes, Bush baby, albino alligator, chinchilla, Peccary, Sand Cats and Grizzly Bears.

Lost Kingdom: Elephant[edit]

Gunda, who arrived at the Tulsa Zoo in 1950 has surpassed all staff and animals at the age of 63.

Encompasses a 2.5-acre (1 ha) area for the zoo's three elephants and includes an Elephant Interpretive Center which highlights of the life and history of the Asian Elephant species through a variety of interactive exhibits. Visitors can view the elephants from both indoor and outdoor viewing areas and the exhibit includes an elephant demonstration yard.

Tropical American Rain Forest[edit]

A living, naturalistic re-creation of a Central and South American rain forest environment. The exhibit incorporates translucent panels to illuminate the canopy of the rain forest, and a path guides visitors through the nearly 50-foot (15 m) high building. Exotic species include black howler monkeys, sloths, a green anaconda, piranhas, dwarf caimans, and jaguars and tufted-ear marmosets. The native human cultures of this region are also highlighted throughout the exhibit. Many species are not caged, including rainforest birds, to allow for a more realistic jungle feel.

Chimpanzee Connection[edit]

Visitors can view chimpanzees in a large outdoor enclosure or a large indoor play-area. The exhibit is outfitted with climbing equipment to help keep the chimps mentally and physically active.

In 2007, the Tulsa Zoo received two new additions to the Chimp Connection, Vindi and Bernsen. Vindi, a chimp born in February was named by means of a vote.[11]

Helmerich Sea Lion Cove[edit]

Presentation with Dorsey the Sea Lion

A naturalistic habitat for California Sea Lions, opened in 2012. The exhibit features a saltwater pool, large underwater viewing window wall, waterfall, rock haul-out areas, themed holding building and a large covered seating area for visitors. A behavioral conditioning program, intended to provide visitors with information about the resident sea lions (named Dorsey, Cisco, and Reyes), is demonstrated for the public midday on the weekend.

Penguin Habitat[edit]

African Black-footed Penguin exhibit, opened to the public in 2002 after a four year fund-raising campaign. The penguin enclosure is the foundation of “Oceans and Islands,” an exhibit area for the zoo that includes a naturalistic California Sea Lion exhibit and a Flamingo colony and also Black and White Ruffed Lemurs. The design for the penguin habitat includes geo-thermal heating and cooling to regulate the water temperature for the warm water inhabitants. A “wave pool” or water action simulator, plus a rocky coastline setting, imitates their natural habitat. Special viewing windows were built into the wall of the exhibit for visitors observe the penguins under water. The exhibit currently holds 20 penguins, and can hold up to 30.

African Penguin Exhibit

Sculptures[edit]

The African Black-footed Penguin exhibit was funded through a city-wide art campaign, popularized by the gifting of 6-foot (1.8 m) sculptures, depicting a penguin with certain visual characteristics based on its location or owner, to businesses or organizations who donated to the exhibit. There are currently 29[12] of these sculptures throughout the city; they are popularly known as "Tulsa Penguins".[13]

African Plains[edit]

The African Plains area of the zoo features Meerkats, Giraffes, Lions, Giant tortoise, Rhinos and, African Wild Dogs. A new Meerkat pup in 2012 was the first addition to the Meerkat colony in 14 years.[14] A remodeling of a portion of the African Plains area began in 2013 to provide a new habitat for the zoo's two White Rhinoceros.

Asian Area[edit]

Malayan Tiger

The northeastern portion of the Zoo has been designated as the Asian area. Current exhibits in the area include the Siamang Island, which features a raised overlook providing views of Siamangs and Spectacled Langur Monkeys. The Elephant Encounter houses the zoo's three Asian Elephants, and includes the Elephant Interpretive Center featuring educational displays. Plans for expansion of the area in 2014 include naturalistic habitats for Malayan Tigers, Snow Leopards and Komodo Dragons.

Children's Zoo[edit]

The Children's zoo has a contact yard where kids can get up close and personal with Nigerian dwarf goats, Southdown sheep, Katadin sheep, earless Lamancha goats, Nubian goats, and rabbits. Open March 1 to Oct. 31. There are also llamas, alpacas, Sicilian donkeys and Guinea Forest hogs. This exhibit also contains the Australian Outback Area, which has red kangaroos. The Children's Zoo also includes American river otters and prairie dogs.

Dave Zucconi Conservation Center[edit]

The flamingos outside the Conservation Center

This building has a large variety of animals including primates, reptiles, birds, and fish. Some endangered animals on display are the spiny turtle, Pan's box turtle (Cuora pani), Black-breasted Hill Turtle, radiated tortoise, Flat-backed Spider Tortoise, Fiji iguana, Grand Cayman Island Blue Iguana, Bali Myna birds, Black and White Ruffed Lemurs, and Thick-billed parrots.

Future developments[edit]

The zoo began work in 2013 on the Mary K. Chapman Rhinoceros Exhibit, which will replace an older facility and host the zoo's two white Rhinoceroses. It will consist of a 3 acre outside yard and an 8,925 square foot barn.[15] As part of the Zoo's new 20-year Master Plan, released in 2012, the Zoo has also announced that work will begin in 2014 on the Helmerich Tiger Exhibit, named for the zoo's largest private donor.[16] The new exhibit will house Malayan Tigers. It will be part of a new "Lost Kingdoms" section of the Zoo, highlighting other rare animals from Asia, including Snow Leopard and Komodo Dragon.

Master Plan[edit]

African Plains[edit]

Mary K. Chapman Rhino Exhibit - Opening 2014

The current Africa section of the zoo will be transformed with the new rhino, lion, antelope, birds and African painted dog exhibits. A new savannah area will bring even more species into this area and our giraffe exhibit will be expanded and will include indoor viewing for the winter months. Our existing Maasai Village will be renovated to include new small animal exhibits as well as a new dining area. Our first phase of this project will be the new Mary K. Chapman Rhino exhibit set to open in 2014.

Tigers[edit]

Lost Kingdom: Helmerich Tiger exhibit, Hardesty snow leopard exhibit, and Lobeck Taylor Red Panda/Binturong exhibit

This new area within the zoo will be themed for guests to explore the mysterious lost world of Asia where structures and relics seem to be lost to the wilderness. Tigers, snow leopards, red pandas, Komodo dragons and more will all be included in this new world to be developed in several phases. The Lost Kingdom Tiger complex is scheduled to open in 2015.

African Forest[edit]

The current Chimpanzee Connection, which houses the zoo’s chimpanzees, will be transformed into the African Forest with an expanded chimpanzee exhibit and the addition of gorillas. This area will be a deep, misty jungle with climbing structures that both our zoo guests and the animals will enjoy, with unique up-close encounters of both species.

Sheepy Hollow[edit]

A re-designed children’s zoo will be a fantastical wonderland for people of all ages. This area will feature explorative play with giant flowers and mushrooms for climbing, animals from all parts of the world, and an area where guests have the opportunity to interact with domestic animals.

Wild Islands[edit]

Starting with the opening of Helmerich Sea Lion Cove in March 2012, this portion of the zoo will be transformed into a fun and wet play place that will include a new water guest experience currently not available at the Tulsa Zoo. New exhibits for our Aldabra tortoises, flamingos, and lemurs will be included as well as the renovation of our restaurant and playground.

Conservation program[edit]

Ganesha Statue

The Tulsa Zoo Conservation Program is one of the leading conservation organizations in Oklahoma.[17] It has supported over 200 projects globally and locally, including a conservation education program to reduce the use of palm oil,[8] FrogWatch USA, and ocean conservation education.[9]

Controversy[edit]

The Tulsa Zoo attracted national media attention in 2005 when a group complained about the mention of evolutionary theory and the inclusion of religious icons, theories, and beliefs in zoo displays, including a statue of the Hindu elephant-headed god Ganesha as part of the elephant exhibition.[18] The Tulsa Park Board responded by voting to add a display on Creationism.[19][20] The board subsequently reconsidered and reversed its decision, citing widespread public criticism.[21][22]

History Timeline[edit]

1927- Tulsa Zoological Society was incorporated

1931 - Monkey Island, with a population of 40 monkeys purchased at $7 each, was dedicated by Mayor George Watkins

1939 - The current Koi pond was completed by the W.P.A. as an alligator exhibit.

1950 - “Duke", the first Chimpanzee at the Tulsa Zoo arrived.

1954 - The Zoo’s first elephant “Gunda”, a four year old female Asian Elephant was donated by Tulsa Jaycees.

1957 - The Primate Aviary Building, a $458,000 project was completed. Work also began on the $27,000 elephant building and yard.

1962 - A pair of reticulated giraffes, purchased by the children of Tulsa through the Tulsa World, arrived from the Oklahoma City Zoo. These were the first giraffes in the Tulsa Zoo.

1964 - The construction of the Cat and Bear Grottos along with the sea lion pool, and flamingo pool was completed. Welcoming the Zoo’s first polar bear.

1965 - The baby giraffe “Shakey” was born, and bottle-raised by the staff. The Tulsa Zoo became one of the few zoos in the nation to hand-raise several giraffes.

1966 - Hugh S. Davis, long time Zoo Director of Tulsa, resigned.

1969 - David G. Zucconi assumed the duty of Zoo Director. Also weekly appearances of Zoo staff became a regular activity on the Uncle Zeb Show.

1970 - Computerized animal inventory system was established, making the Tulsa Zoo the second zoo in the nation to initiate such a program.

1971 - Tulsa Zoo Development, Inc. (TZDI) was chartered.

1972 - “Wildlife on Wheels” became the Zoo’s educational activity. And a Zoo Admission fee was instituted.

1974 - A pair of white rhinoceros arrive at the

1975 - Air Conditioning was installed in the Primate Aviary Building. And two female polar bear cubs were born. The first of their species at the Zoo.

1976 - The previously called Mohawk Park Zoo was now officially named Tulsa Zoological Park. The Administrative/Technical Services Building and exhibit workshop was completed. And the Tulsa Zoo was one of the first eleven zoos to be accredited by the AAZPA (presently named the Association of Zoos and Aquariums)

1977 - With the Children’s Zooseum officially opening and the African Savanna under construction.. The Tulsa Zoo also welcomed their first full time staff Veterinarian position, and Sneezy a four-and-a-half year-old Male Asian Elephant.

1978 - The Robert J. Lafortune North American living Museum officially opened. The complex was neither a zoo nor a museum nor a botanical garden; rather, it was a unique natural history facility that includes all the things common to those institutions, with the goal of telling an integrated story about our continents land and life.

1982 - The American Association of Musuems awards their accreditation to the Tulsa Zoo. It becomes the 500th institution recognized. And a new snow leopard exhibit is built.

1984 - Oklahoma’s first man-made cave was completed in the Eastern Forest Museum Building. The Tulsa Zoo’s exhibit department constructed the entire cave and received the AAZPA’s prestigious Significant Achievement Award.

1986 - The Tulsa Zoo celebrated the birth of a healthy male Asian Elephant “Maverick”. Maverick was the first elephant born in Oklahoma and also the only Asian Elephant born in the U.S. that year. The zoo also moved their two giraffes from the previous exhibit to a new one funded by TZDI.

1988 - Dr. Jane Goodall visited the Tulsa Zoo and declared the zoo’s chimpanzee exhibit one of the “top three exhibits in the U.S.” and welcomed the Tulsa Zoo into her prestigious Chimpanzoo program, an honor claimed by only 15 zoos in the country. Dinosaurs Alive! also took place this year being the first dinosaur exhibit hosted by the zoo.

1990 - Mary Collins was hired as Tulsa Zoo Friends (formerly TZDI) new executive director. Also With almost 700 party-goers Waltz On The Wild Side kicked off its first year of fundraising

Zoo Director Dave Zucconi becomes president of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association.

1991 - Tulsa Zoo Development Inc. officially changed its name to Tulsa Zoo Friends, Inc. And the indoor Chimpanzee Connection opened to the public.

1992 - Construction began on the new main entry, gift shop, elephant compound, commissary, exhibits building, animal reserve, and finally the new restaurant.

1993 - The Aldabra Tortoise facility was completed. The Spotted Zebra Gift Shop, Safari Grille, and New entry officially opened. And Dinosaurs Alive! returned and welcomed 128,000 visitors in the three-month period.

Maverick the Asian Elephant soon became a Tulsa favorite when he was orphaned shortly after birth. At the young age of seven He unfortunately contracted a fast-moving bacterial infection and died.

1994 - The Shark Aquarium was completed and the first bronze statue “The Frog” was installed.

1995 - The BOK Pavilion and the Boatmen’s/BANK IV Amphitheater were completed. Also the award winning Elephant Encounter Museum that was funded by TZF and designed entirely by the exhibits staff was completed.

1996 - The Ethel B. Crate granite globe fountain was installed. The polar bear exhibit received a major renovation and the Helmerich Playground was opened.

1997 - The Helmerich Discovery Center was completed. The cheetah, meerkat and dik-diks exhibits were finished. And the long awaited Tropical American Rainforest also opened.

1998 - The Siberian Sentinel statue was added outside the entrance to the zoo. The Children’s Zoo Contact yard opened, and the bull elephant viewing was installed. The Tulsa Zoo also held the AZA National Conference in September.

1999 - Siamang/Langur habitat and overlook completed. Also the Black & White Ruffed Lemur exhibit was renovated.

2000 – Siamang Interactive Area for children was completed. And the “Wings of Wonder” Butterfly exhibit opened.

2002 - The African Penguin exhibit officially opened. It was dedicated in honor of Mary Collins, This won the ABC Excellence in Construction Award.

2003 – Conservation Center (formerly Animal Kingdom) was officially renamed.

2004 – The Maasai exhibit in the african section of the zoo was complete.

2005 – A temporary Koala exhibit was added to the Conservation Center. And the Tulsa Zoo was awarded “Americas Favorite Zoo” in the national competition by Microsoft.

2006 – The Oklahoma Trails exhibit was added in honor of Oklahoma’s 100th birthday. And the North American Living Museum exhibited bison in honor of the Centennial.

2007 - A new Elephant Demonstration Yard was opened and dedicated to Larry Nunley for his 32 years of service to the Zoo.

2008 - A new Veterinary Hospital was complete. And “Feather Fest” was added as a temporary free flight bird exhibit.

2012 - Sea Lion Cove a new naturalistic sea lion exhibit was complete.

2013 - After years of renovations the former Robert J. Lafortune North American Living Museum reopened as the Robert J. Lafortune WildLIFE Trek. It no longer focused on only animals from North America but now animals from across the world with adaptations to living in the cold, desert, forest, and water.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zoo History". tulsazoo.org. Tulsa Zoo. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Current statistics". tulsazoo.org. Tulsa Zoo. Retrieved 27 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "List of Accredited Museums". aam-us.org. American Alliance of Museums. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Emory Bryan, "New Management To Take Over At Tulsa Zoo", KOTV-DT, June 21, 2010.
  6. ^ "Tulsa Zoo takes next steps toward privatization", KJRH-TV, June 22, 2010.
  7. ^ Jennie Lloyd, "The Zoo's New Plan: Outdated Tulsa Zoo presents its new $100 million, 20-year master plan for new exhibits, better pathways." Urban Tulsa Weekly, March 7, 2012.
  8. ^ a b http://www.tulsazoo.org/learn/conservation/palm-oil-crisis/ Palm Oil Crisis, Tulsazoo.org (accessed April 14, 2013)
  9. ^ a b http://www.tulsazoo.org/learn/conservation/saveouroceans/ Save Our Oceans, Tulsazoo.org (accessed April 14, 2013)
  10. ^ "Zoorassic Park". Tulsa Zoo. Retrieved May 2014. 
  11. ^ Peterson, Althea. http://www.tulsaworld.com/article.aspx/Tulsa_Zoo_Election_results_Baby_chimp_to_be_named_Vindi/070406_238_A9_spanc88808 Tulsa Zoo Election results: Baby chimp to be named Vindi, Tulsa World, April 6, 2007. (accessed April 14, 2013)
  12. ^ Penguins - Tulsa - LocalWiki
  13. ^ Tulsa Penguins locations/images and facebook group
  14. ^ Plummer, Sara. http://www.tulsaworld.com/article.aspx/Bouncing_baby_meerkat_Tulsa_Zoo_welcomes_first_one/20120526_11_A19_CUTLIN523817 "Bouncing baby meerkat: Tulsa Zoo welcomes first one born in 14 years", Tulsa World, May 26, 2012. (accessed April 14, 2013)
  15. ^ http://www.tulsazoo.org/contact-the-tulsa-zoo/media/press-releases/tulsa-zoo-to-unveil-rhinoceros-exhibit-plans-at-groundbreaking-ceremony/ Tulsa Zoo (accessed April 14, 2013)
  16. ^ http://www.tulsazoo.org/contact-the-tulsa-zoo/media/press-releases/leadgifttigers/ Tulsa Zoo Press Release, October 29, 2012
  17. ^ http://www.tulsazoo.org/learn/conservation
  18. ^ Tom Droege,"One man's persistence, zeal gives life to zoo controversy", Tulsa World, June 10, 2005.
  19. ^ "Biblical account of creation to go on display at Tulsa Zoo", Associated Press report in USA Today, June 9, 2005.
  20. ^ "Proposed Biblical Exhibit Sparks Debate at Tulsa Zoo", Morning Edition on NPR, July 6, 2005.
  21. ^ "It's All Happening at the Tulsa Zoo", New York Times, July 10, 2005.
  22. ^ Tom Droege,"Biblical display at zoo nixed", Tulsa World, July 8, 2005.

External links[edit]