Ukhta

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For other uses of "Ukhta", see Ukhta (disambiguation).
Ukhta (English)
Ухта (Russian)
Уква (Komi)
-  Town[1]  -
ViewFromVetlosyan.jpg
A view of Ukhta from Vetlosyan
Map of Russia - Komi Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Komi Republic in Russia
Ukhta is located in Komi Republic
Ukhta
Ukhta
Location of Ukhta in the Komi Republic
Coordinates: 63°34′N 53°42′E / 63.567°N 53.700°E / 63.567; 53.700Coordinates: 63°34′N 53°42′E / 63.567°N 53.700°E / 63.567; 53.700
Coat of Arms of Ukhta (Komia) (1979).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of October 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Komi Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of republic significance of Ukhta[1]
Administrative center of town of republic significance of Ukhta[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrug Ukhta Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Ukhta Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Igor Leonov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 99,591 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 166th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1929[citation needed]
Town status since 1943[citation needed]
Previous names Chibyu (until 1939)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 169300
Dialing code(s) +7 8216[6]
Official website
Ukhta on WikiCommons

Ukhta (Russian: Ухта́; Komi: Уква, Ukva) is an important industrial town in the Komi Republic of Russia. Population: 99,591 (2010 Census);[3] 103,340 (2002 Census);[7] 110,548 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Ukhta in the 1950s

Oil springs along the Ukhta River were already known in the 17th century. In the mid-19th century, industrialist M. K. Sidorov started to drill for oil in this area. It was one of the first oil wells in Russia. There was homecraft oil-field in 1920–1921 in Ukhta. Lying on the river of the same name, the settlement was founded as the village of Chibyu in 1929, but in 1939 it was renamed Ukhta.[citation needed] It was granted town status in 1943 when it was linked to the Pechora Railway.[citation needed] To the east of the town is Sosnogorsk, and to the southwest—Yarega. In addition to its rail link, Ukhta also has an airport.

The town expanded in the 1940s and 1950s by use of political prisoners' forced labor.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four urban-type settlements (Borovoy, Vodny, Shudayag, and Yarega) and thirteen rural localities, incorporated as the town of republic significance of Ukhta—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Ukhta is incorporated as Ukhta Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Ukhta lies within the Pechora River basin, an important oil and gas-producing region. The oilfields lie just south of the city. Some of the Ukhta's oil is refined locally; most, however, is piped to oil refineries between St. Petersburg and Moscow. There were a few gas pipeline explosions at a distance of five miles from the town since the 1990s.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ukhta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.0
(37.4)
13.0
(55.4)
23.8
(74.8)
30.1
(86.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
32.5
(90.5)
27.4
(81.3)
20.0
(68)
8.2
(46.8)
3.6
(38.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.6
(40.3)
12.0
(53.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.1
(71.8)
17.3
(63.1)
10.7
(51.3)
2.8
(37)
−6.0
(21.2)
−10.6
(12.9)
3.8
(38.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−14.7
(5.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.3
(43.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.9
(44.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−8.9
(16)
−13.8
(7.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
Average low °C (°F) −20.0
(−4)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−10.9
(12.4)
−5.0
(23)
1.5
(34.7)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
8.4
(47.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−17.2
(1)
−4.2
(24.4)
Record low °C (°F) −48.5
(−55.3)
−43.9
(−47)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−16.9
(1.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−3.9
(25)
−8.8
(16.2)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−37.8
(−36)
−49.0
(−56.2)
−49.0
(−56.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
26
(1.02)
29
(1.14)
28
(1.1)
44
(1.73)
66
(2.6)
71
(2.8)
69
(2.72)
54
(2.13)
55
(2.17)
40
(1.57)
39
(1.54)
553
(21.77)
Source: Weatherbase[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #16-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #11-RZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ "dialing codes ref". 
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ukhta, Russia Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on February 19, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №13-РЗ от 6 марта 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Коми», в ред. Закона №41-РЗ от 5 мая 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Речной, расположенного на территории Троицко-Печорского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №44, 16 марта 2006 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #16-RZ of March 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #41-RZ of May 5, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Rechnoy Located on the Territory of Troitsko-Pechorsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Accordingly Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «О территориальной организации местного самоуправления в Республике Коми», в ред. Закона №41-РЗ от 5 мая 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Речной, расположенного на территории Троицко-Печорского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу 1 апреля 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Республика", №44–45, 17 марта 2005 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #11-RZ of March 5, 2005 On the Territorial Organization of the Local Self-Government in the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #41-RZ of May 5, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Rechnoy Located on the Territory of Troitsko-Pechorsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Accordingly Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic. Effective as of April 1, 2005.).

External links[edit]