United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1826

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United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1826
New York
1824 ←
November 6-8, 1826
→ 1828

All 34 New York seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Adams
Last election 8 26
Seats won 20 14
Seat change Increase 12 Decrease 12

The 1826 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from November 6 to 8, 1826, to elect 34 U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 20th United States Congress.

Background[edit]

34 U.S. Representatives had been elected in November 1824 to a term in the 19th United States Congress, beginning on March 4, 1825. Daniel Hugunin, Jr. had contested the election of Egbert Ten Eyck, and was seated in December 1825. The representatives' term would end on March 3, 1827. The elections were held with the annual State election on the first Monday in November and the two succeeding days, about four months before the congressional term began, and a little more than a year before Congress actually met on December 3, 1827.

At this time the Democratic-Republican Party in New York was split into two opposing factions: on one side, the "Clintonians", the supporters of DeWitt Clinton and his Erie Canal project; on the other side, the Bucktails (including the Tammany Hall organization in New York City), led by Martin Van Buren.

In federal politics, the Clintonians aligned with President John Quincy Adams, the Bucktails opposed Adams and supported Andrew Jackson; thus the Congressman were labeled either Adams men (later the National Republican Party) or Jacksonians (later the Democratic Party).

Congressional districts[edit]

The geographical area of the congressional districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1824. Only one new county was created: in the 29th District, Orleans Co. was split from Genesee Co.

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Result[edit]

The incumbents Silas Wood, Cambreleng, Johnson, Verplanck, Ward, Hallock, Strong, Van Rensselaer, Storrs, Hoffman, Markell, Taylor, Martindale, Marvin and Garnsey were re-elected. The incumbents Fosdick, John Miller, Badger, Humphrey and Porter were defeated.

1826 United States House election result
District Bucktails/Jacksonian Clintonian/Adams also ran also ran
1st Silas Wood
2nd John J. Wood
3rd Churchill C. Cambreleng
Gulian C. Verplanck
Jeromus Johnson
4th Aaron Ward
5th Thomas J. Oakley
6th John Hallock, Jr. Hector Craig
7th George O. Belden Lemuel Jenkins
8th Walter Patterson James Strong
9th James L. Hogeboom John D. Dickinson
10th unopposed Stephen Van Rensselaer
11th Selah R. Hobbie Isaac Burr
12th John I. De Graff unopposed
13th Samuel Chase
14th Ezekiel Bacon Henry R. Storrs
15th Michael Hoffman
16th Aaron Haring[1] Henry Markell
17th Alpheus Goodrich[2] John W. Taylor
18th John Willard[3] Henry C. Martindale
19th Richard Keese Asa Hascall
20th Silas Wright, Jr. Nicoll Fosdick
Rudolph Bunner Elisha Camp
21st John C. Clark Robert Monell
22nd John G. Stower John Miller
23rd Jonas Earll, Jr. Luther Badger
24th Nathaniel Garrow Elijah Miller
25th David Woodcock Charles Humphrey
26th Dudley Marvin
John Maynard
27th Enos Pomeroy Daniel D. Barnard
28th John Magee Timothy H. Porter William Woods (Buckt.) Philip Church[4]
29th David E. Evans Simeon Cummings
30th Daniel G. Garnsey Albert H. Tracy

Aftermath and special elections[edit]

David E. Evans, elected as a Jacksonian in the 29th District, was appointed Resident Agent of the Holland Land Company at Batavia, and resigned his seat on May 2, 1827, before the 20th Congress convened. A special election to fill the vacancy was held at the time of the annual State election in November, and was won by Adams man Phineas L. Tracy.[5]

The House of Representatives of the 20th United States Congress met for the first time at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., on December 3, 1827, and 33 of the representatives, including Phineas L. Tracy, took their seats on this day. Only Thomas J. Oakley arrived later and took his seat on December 17.[6]

Shortly before the end of the first session, Thomas J. Oakley accepted an appointment as a judge of the Superior Court of New York City, and sent a letter of resignation which was read in the House on May 9, 1828. A special election to fill the vacancy was held, and was won by Thomas Taber II who took his seat on December 1, 1828.

Silas Wright, Jr., was elected New York State Comptroller on January 27, 1829, and sent a letter of resignation which was read in the House on February 16. The seat remained vacant for the remaining two weeks of this Congress.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aaron Haring, assemblyman 1819
  2. ^ Alpheus Goodrich, assemblyman 1825 and 1828
  3. ^ John Willard, First Judge of Washington Co. 1833–1835
  4. ^ Philip Church, First Judge of Allegany Co. 1807–1823
  5. ^ Niles Register (edition of November 24, 1827; page 196)
  6. ^ Journal of the House of Representatives (20th Congress, 1st Session, pages 4 and 56)

Sources[edit]