Cayuga County, New York
|Cayuga County, New York|
Location in the state of New York
New York's location in the U.S.
864 sq mi (2,238 km²)
693 sq mi (1,795 km²)
170 sq mi (440 km²), 19.74%
115/sq mi (44.5/km²)
When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Cayuga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of the present state of New York and all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties. Harriet Tubman visited Auburn, New York, located in Cayuga County, in 1887 with her daughter (adopted) and her 2nd husband.
Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.
In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. Then in 1817, in turn, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a piece of the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.
Cayuga County is located in the west central part of the state, in the Finger Lakes region. Owasco Lake is in the center of the county, and Cayuga Lake forms part of the western boundary. Lake Ontario is on the northern border, and Skaneateles Lake and Cross Lake form part of the eastern border. Cayuga County has more waterfront land than any other county in the state not adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 864 square miles (2,237.7 km2), of which 693 square miles (1,794.9 km2) is land and 170 square miles (440.3 km2) (19.74%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Oswego County, New York - northeast
- Onondaga County, New York - east
- Cortland County, New York - southeast
- Tompkins County, New York - south
- Seneca County, New York - west
- Wayne County, New York - west
Major highways 
- Interstate 90 (New York State Thruway)
- U.S. Route 20
- New York State Route 3
- New York State Route 5
- New York State Route 31
- New York State Route 34
- New York State Route 38
- New York State Route 90
- New York State Route 104
National protected area 
As of the census of 2000, there were 81,963 people, 30,558 households, and 20,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 35,477 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.34% White, 3.99% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.3% were of Irish, 16.0% English, 15.7% Italian, 11.3% German, 9.5% American and 6.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 . 94.9% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.
There were 30,558 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,487, and the median income for a family was $44,973. Males had a median income of $33,356 versus $23,919 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 7.80% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics 
|This section requires expansion. (August 2008)|
Cayuga County is considered a swing county in national elections. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won Cayuga County with 50% of the vote to Bush's 44%. In 2004 however Republican George W. Bush defeated John Kerry by a margin of only 0.58% or 49.22% to 48.64%. In statewide elections it has gone for Democrats both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton won it in 2006 with over 60% of the vote. In 2008 it was won by Democrat Barack Obama with 53% of the vote to Republican John McCain's 45%. In 2010, Democrat Andrew Cuomo defeated Republican Carl Paladino 53% to 40% with 3% going to Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins. Also in 2010, both Senators Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer carried Cayuga County. Gillibrand won 54% of the vote while Schumer won 61%.
The Cayuga County Legislature consists of 15 members each of whom are elected from individual districts.
Towns and villages 
The incorporated towns and villages of Cayuga County are:
- Auburn (city)
- Aurelius (town)
- Brutus (town)
- Cato (town)
- Cato (village)
- Conquest (town)
- Fleming (town)
- Genoa (town)
- Ira (town)
- Ledyard (town)
- Locke (town)
- Mentz (town)
- Meridian (village)
- Montezuma (town)
- Moravia (town)
- Moravia (village)
- Niles (town)
- Owasco (town)
- Scipio (town)
- Sempronius (town)
- Sennett (town)
- Springport (town)
- Sterling (town)
- Summerhill (town)
- Throop (town)
- Venice (town)
- Victory (town) (not to be confused with the one in Saratoga County)
Notable natives and residents 
- William H. Carpenter (1821-1885), U.S. Consul to Foochow, China 1861-1865 and a founding member of Cayuga County Historical Society in 1877.
See also 
- USS Cayuga County (LST-529)
- Cayuga County Sheriff's Office
- Cayuga County Community College
- Cayuga Community College Office of Public Safety
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cayuga County, New York
- New York State Department of Economic Development
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- County of Cayuga
- Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project
- Cayuga County history pages
- Summary early history of counties and towns of Cayuga County
- Area photos, maps, history and genealogy
- Cayuga County Sheriff
- Cayuga County at the Open Directory Project
- Cayuga Community College
- Cayuga County Historical Aerial Photographs of New York , Cornell University Library & Cornell Institute for Resource Information Sciences
- Genealogy and history resources for Cayuga County
||Lake Ontario||Oswego County|
|Seneca County and Wayne County||Onondaga County|
|Tompkins County||Cortland County|