United States Senate elections, 1910

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United States Senate elections, 1910
United States
1908 ←
1910
→ 1912

31 of the 92 seats in the United States Senate
47 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Last election 60 seats 32 seats
Seats won 48 44
Seat change Decrease 12 Increase 12

Majority Party before election

Republican Party (United States)

Elected Majority Party

Republican Party (United States)

Some states elected their Senators directly even before passage of the 17th Amendment in 1913. Oregon pioneered direct election and experimented with different measures over several years until it succeeded in 1907. Soon after, Nebraska followed suit and laid the foundation for other states to adopt measures reflecting the people's will. By 1912, as many as 29 states elected senators either as nominees of their party's primary or in conjunction with a general election.

Complete list of races[edit]

* = indicates elections in which Senators were selected by some form of direct voting and then subsequently elected by state legislatures.

February 23, 1910 election[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
Mississippi
Special: Class 2
James Gordon Democratic Appointee retired when successor elected
Democratic hold
LeRoy Percy (Democratic)

November 1910 elections[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
California[1] Frank Putnam Flint Republican Retired
Republican hold: 76.67% - 23.33%
John D. Works (Republican)
Scattering
Delaware[2] Henry A. du Pont Republican Re-elected Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (Democratic)[3]
Florida[4] James Taliaferro Democratic Lost re-election
Democratic hold
Nathan P. Bryan (Democratic)
Indiana[5] Albert J. Beveridge Republican Lost re-election: 60% - 40%
Democratic gain
John W. Kern (Democratic)
Maine[6] Eugene Hale Republican Retired
Democratic gain: Unopposed
Charles Fletcher Johnson (Democratic)
Maryland[7] Isidor Rayner Democratic Re-elected: unopposed
Massachusetts[8] Henry Cabot Lodge Republican Re-elected: unopposed
Michigan[9] Julius C. Burrows Republican Defeated in primary, Republican elected: 89.15% - 10.85% Charles E. Townsend (Republican)
John Winship (Democratic)
Minnesota[10] Moses E. Clapp Republican Re-elected: unopposed
Mississippi[11] Hernando Money Democratic Retired
Democratic hold: Unopposed
John Sharp Williams (Democratic)
Missouri[12] William Warner Republican Retired
Democratic gain
James A. Reed (Democratic)
John C. McKinley (Republican)
Montana[13] Thomas H. Carter Republican Retired
Democratic gain: Unopposed
Henry L. Myers (Democratic)
Nebraska[14] Elmer Burkett Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Gilbert Hitchcock (Democratic)
Nevada*[15] George S. Nixon Republican Re-elected: 48.03% - 42.35% - 9.62% Key Pittman (Democratic)
Jud Harris (Socialist)
New Jersey[16] John Kean Republican Retired
Democratic gain
James Edgar Martine (Democratic)
David Baird (Republican)[17]
New York Chauncey Depew Republican Lost re-election: 58.33% - 41.67%
Democratic gain
James Aloysius O'Gorman (Democratic)
North Dakota[18]
General: Class 1
Porter J. McCumber Republican Re-elected John Bruegger (Democratic)
North Dakota[19]
Special: Class 3
William E. Purcell Democratic Appointee lost election to finish term
Republican gain
Asle Gronna (Republican)
Ohio[20] Charles W. F. Dick Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Atlee Pomerene (Democratic)
Pennsylvania[21] George T. Oliver Republican Re-elected: 72.69% - 14.06% - 10.04% - 1.21% - 0.8% J. Henry Cochran (Democratic)
Julian Kennedy (Democratic)
James B. Riley (Democratic)
William Flinn (Republican)
Rhode Island[22] Nelson W. Aldrich Republican Retired
Republican hold: Unopposed
Henry F. Lippitt (Republican)
Tennessee[23] James B. Frazier Democratic Lost re-election
Democratic hold
Luke Lea (Democratic)
Texas[24] Charles Allen Culberson Democratic Re-elected: Unopposed
Utah[25] George Sutherland Republican Re-elected: Unopposed
Vermont[26] Carroll S. Page Republican Re-elected: Unopposed
Virginia John W. Daniel Democratic Re-elected posthumously. Claude A. Swanson (D) had already been appointed in his place
Washington[27] Samuel H. Piles Republican Retired
Republican hold: Unopposed
Miles Poindexter (Republican)
West Virginia[28]
General: Class 1
Nathan B. Scott Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
William E. Chilton (Democratic)
West Virginia[29]
Special: Class 2
Davis Elkins Republican Retired
Democratic gain: Unopposed
Clarence Wayland Watson (Democratic)
Wisconsin[30] Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Republican Re-elected: Unopposed
Wyoming[31] Clarence D. Clark Republican Re-elected: Unopposed

November 17, 1910 election[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
Georgia
Special: Class 3
Alexander S. Clay Democratic Incumbent died November 10, 1910
Successor elected to finish term
Democratic hold
Joseph M. Terrell (Democratic)

December 6, 1910 election[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
Louisiana[32]
Special: Class 3
John Thornton Democratic Appointee elected to finish term: Unopposed

1911 elections[edit]

January 17, 1911 election[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
Connecticut[33] Morgan Bulkeley Republican Lost renomination and lost re-election as write-in candidate:[34] 61.46% - 38.19% - 0.35%
Republican hold
George P. McLean (Republican)
Homer Stille Cummings (Democratic)

December 12, 1911 election[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Other Candidates
Arizona
General (Class 3)
New seat Democratic win[35] Marcus Aurelius Smith (Democratic) 50.35%
Hoval A. Smith (Republican) 43.84%
E. B. Simonton (Socialist) 5.80%

Results[edit]

Senate Party Division, 62nd Congress (1911–1913):

  • Majority Party: Republican (48 seats)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (43 seats, later 47)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Vacant: 1 (Charles J. Hughes, Jr. (D) died after this election but he was not replaced until late into the next Congress.
  • Total Seats: 91

Four seats were added in early 1912 for new states: Arizona (which elected 2 Democrats) and New Mexico (which elected 2 Republicans).

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections
D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R
Beginning of the next Congress
D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
R R V D D D D D D D
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R
Key:
D = Democratic
R = Republican
V = Vacant
Majority
divider

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=24101
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  35. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/ContainerHistory.html?ContainerID=198