Thomas H. Carter

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Thomas Henry Carter
Portrait of Thomas H. Carter.jpg
United States Senator
from Montana
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1901
March 4, 1905 – March 4, 1911
Preceded by Thomas C. Power
Paris Gibson
Succeeded by William A. Clark
Henry L. Myers
Personal details
Born (1854-10-30)October 30, 1854
Portsmouth, Ohio
Died September 17, 1911(1911-09-17) (aged 56)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Farmer, Teacher

Thomas Henry Carter (October 30, 1854 – September 17, 1911) was a delegate, a United States Representative, and a U.S. Senator from Montana.


Carter was born near Portsmouth, Ohio, and later his family moved to Pana, Illinois. Carter attended the common schools in Illinois. He engaged in farming, school teaching, and railroading; at the same time studied law and was admitted to the bar. In 1882, he moved from Burlington, Iowa, to Helena, Montana. In Montana he was elected as a Republican Delegate to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889, to November 7, 1889, when the Territory was admitted as a State into the Union; elected as its first Representative and served from November 8, 1889, to March 3, 1891.

Career in Government[edit]

He served as chairman of the Committee on Mines and Mining (Fifty-first Congress). He was an unsuccessful candidate in 1890 for reelection; Commissioner of the General Land Office 1891-1892, when he was elected chairman of the Republican National Committee. He was the first Catholic to be the chairman of the party.[1]

He was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1895, until March 3, 1901. As a Senator he was chairman of the Committee on Relations with Canada (Fifty-fourth Congress), the Committee on the Census (Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses). President William McKinley appointed him a member of the board of commissioners of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and served as its president; again elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1911. He was not a candidate for reelection.

He died in Washington, D.C., September 17, 1911. He was interred at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Washington, D.C.


Carter County, Montana is named in his honor.