|• Total||61.60 km2 (23.78 sq mi)|
|• Density||543/km2 (1,410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Vác (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈvaːts], German: Waitzen, Slovak: Vacov Yiddish: ווייצען) ) is a town in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. The archaic spelling of the name is Vácz.
Vác is located 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Budapest on the eastern bank of the Danube river, below the bend where the river changes course and flows south. The town is seated at the foot of the Naszály Mountain in the foothills of the Carpathians.
Vác is a commercial center as well as a popular summer resort for citizens of Budapest. The cathedral, built 1761–1777, was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. The episcopal palace houses a museum for Roman and medieval artifacts. The city is also known for its 18th-century arch of triumph and for its beautiful baroque city center.
Settlement in Vác dating as far back as the Roman Empire has been found.
On 17 March 1241, due to the attack of Mongols the whole population was slaughtered, Vác ceased to exist and Mongols set up camp there. After the departure of the Mongols Vác was rebuilt and inhabited by German colonists.
During the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-49, the Honvédség routed the Austrian forces stationed in the city after a major battle (April 10, 1849); the Second Battle of Vác ended in Russian victory (July 17).
- Hungarians : 94.9%
- Romani people : 1.3%
- Germans : 0.5%
- Romanians : 0.1%
- Slovaks : 0.5%
- Ukrainians : 0.1%
- Other/Undeclared: 4.5%
- Roman Catholic: 59.4%
- Greek Catholic: 0.7%
- Calvinist: 9.3%
- Lutheran: 3.1%
- Other denomination: 1.4%
- Non-religious: 14.4%
- Undeclared: 11.5%
According to the 1910 census, the religious make-up of the town was the following:
The Arc of Triumph was built for Empress Maria Theresia's visit in 1764.
Twin towns — Sister cities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vác.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vác.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1879 American Cyclopædia article Waitzen.|
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: A. Aldásy (1913). "Diocese of Waitzen". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- Official website of town
- The newsportal
- Live webcam from the square (The yellow building in the background is the town hall)
- Map of Vác
- Map of the surrounding area
- Tragor Ignác Museum of Vác
- The House of Culture
- Katona Lajos Town Library
- Aerial photographs: Vác