Järvenpää

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Järvenpää
Träskända
Municipality and town
Järvenpään kaupunki
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Coat of arms of Järvenpää
Coat of arms
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki sub-region
Charter 1951
City rights 1967
Government
 • Town manager Erkki Kukkonen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 39.94 km2 (15.42 sq mi)
 • Land 37.55 km2 (14.50 sq mi)
 • Water 2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)
Area rank 333rd largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 39,631
 • Rank 27th largest in Finland
 • Density 1,055.42/km2 (2,733.5/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 96.5% (official)
 • Swedish 0.9%
 • Others 2.6%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 18.4%
 • 15 to 64 70.6%
 • 65 or older 11%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19%
Website www.jarvenpaa.fi

Järvenpää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjærʋemˌpæː]; Swedish: Träskända) is a town and municipality of Finland.

History[edit]

Järvenpää was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää and the controversy over the issue still raises blood pressure fifty years later. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967.

Geography[edit]

Järvenpää is located on the HelsinkiRiihimäki railway track, some 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring cities are Tuusula, Sipoo and Mäntsälä. People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, even though they do not technically share a border, thanks to the one kilometre-wide land area that belongs to Tuusula.

Traffic[edit]

The railroad goes through the city centre. In addition to the main railway station, there are Kyrölä, Saunakallio, Haarajoki and Purola railway stations.

The trip to Helsinki takes about half an hour, whether by rail or road, and to the airport of Helsinki-Vantaa about 20 minutes. Train connections to the capital are good. Uusimaa's trains leave the main station twice an hour (xx:14 and xx:41), and from other stations once an hour.[6]

Culture[edit]

Helsingintie

Järvenpää is widely known as the location of Ainola, the home of the composer Jean Sibelius. It is sited about two kilometers south of the city centre. The composer moved with his family to the cottage designed by Lars Sonck on September 24, 1904, and he lived there until his death in 1957. Ainola is open for visitors in the summer months as the "museum of Sibelius".

Juhani Aho moved with his wife Venny Soldan-Brofeldt to Järvenpää in 1897. They lived for fourteen years in a villa, called Vårbacka, next to the shore of Lake Tuusula. The villa was later called Ahola.

Events[edit]

Events are held in the Järvenpää-talo (lit. Järvenpää-house) throughout the year: concerts, theatre and art-shows. The favorite-place of children is Pikku-Aino's home, where children can play, make shows and so on.

There is a musical event, which is arranged every year, called Puistoblues (fi) (lit. Park Blues). "Blues-week" starts from the "Blues street" of the city centre, and concerts and informal sessions are arranged in bars and restaurants. The main concert is at the end of Blues-week, and is arranged in Vanhankylänniemi on the Saturday.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Järvenpää is divided into 25 neighbourhoods. The locations of individual neighbourhoods are shown below.

Politics[edit]

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Järvenpää:

Management[edit]

Järvenpää belongs to Uudenmaan vaalipiiri (electoral district of Uusimaa) and its town council has 51 councillors. The town council's political groups are:

The president of the council is Ari Åberg (Kokoomus).[8]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Järvenpää is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Railway timetables[dead link]
  7. ^ "Tervetuloa! - Järvenpään vihreät ry". Jarvenpaanvihreat.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  8. ^ Statistic Finland municipal election results. (2004)

External links[edit]