Viña del Mar International Song Festival

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Franz Ferdinand opening the Viña del Mar International Festival. February 23, 2006

The Viña del Mar International Song Festival (Spanish: Festival Internacional de la Canción de Viña del Mar) is a music festival held annually during February since 1960 in Viña del Mar, Chile. It is considered the most important musical event in the Americas.[1]

The Festival features a song competition on two categories (pop music song and folk song), interspersed with performances by international music stars from around the world, encompassing such diverse genres as rock, pop music in various languages, merengue, salsa, reggaetón, bachata and others. The event takes place in the Quinta Vergara Amphitheater, and has been broadcast for Chilean television over the years by TVN, Canal 13, Megavisión or Chilevisión.

History[edit]

Between 1984 and 1989 Leonardo Schultz and Gary H. Mason (Mason is one of the Pioneers of the Reggaeton Movement) teamed up to help revamp the festival and streamline its operations. They arranged for the appearance of Artists including: The Police, Air Supply, Eddie Money, Sheena Easton, Jose Feliciano (they also produced his Grammy nominated album "Escenas De Amor" in 1982, as well as the Grammy winning album "Me Enamore" in 1983), Andy Gibb, Neil Sedaka, Gloria Gaynor, Mr Mister, Krokus, Foxxy, Nazareth, and Thomas Anders to name a few. In 1988 and 1989, Thomas Anders (of Modern Talking fame) was a headliner of the festival in Viña del Mar, which was one of the first times an Artist was ever invited back two years in a row to perform.

Schultz and Mason also arranged for major international jurors including: George Martin (Producer of the Beatles), Maurice Jarre (did the film scores for Dr. Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia, Witness, Passage To India, Ghost and many others), Manoela Torres (Mason produced her hit duet, which was written by Schultz entitled "No Me Mires Asi), Joey Travolta, Connie Stevens and many others.

In the 90's the broadcast rights to the Festival were given to Televisa, and featured prominent Mexican Artists, as well as major Latin Artists.

In 2008, American rock music band Journey played their first concert with new vocallist Arnel Pineda at the festival. The 2008 Viña Festival was hosted by Sergio Lagos and Tonka Tomicic, and headlined by Nelly Furtado, Wisin & Yandel, and Earth, Wind & Fire.

In 2009, artists such as Latin sensation Daddy Yankee and British legend Simply Red captivated the audience of Viña. On its 50th edition, this famous festival was hosted by Felipe Camiroaga and news reader Soledad Onetto.

El Monstruo[edit]

Traditionally, the audience attending the Quinta Vergara for a Festival each year openly demonstrates its acceptance or displeasure on the acts that perform there, be they contestants in the two competitions or established artists. As a result, Chilean media has nicknamed audiences at the Festival as "El Monstruo" ("The Monster"). Earning acceptance from "El Monstruo" usually has a direct impact on an artist's popularity -particularly that of Spanish language pop stars- on the rest of Latin America. Conversely, booing artists offstage is not uncommon.

Artist compete in the Festival's regular competitions for one of three awards, given in this order: "Antorcha de Plata" (Silver Torch), "Antorcha de Oro" (Golden Torch) and "Gaviota de Plata" (Silver Seagull). However, audience response from the "Monster" may demand that one of the three awards -or, progressively, all three- also be granted to an established act as their performance progresses. An artist that "tames The Monster" by earning all three awards receives recognition as a major star by Chilean and Latin American media almost immediately after a successful performance.

Winner songs[edit]

International contest[edit]

Before 1968, the contest only allowed Chilean composers.
In 2000 the contest included the best songs in the history of the festival.
In 2009, the contest included former winners between 2001 and 2008.
In 2010 had a contest with the most representative songs of the participant countries.
Event Country Name Composer Artist
I 1960  Chile Viña José Goles and Manuel Lira Mario del Monte
II 1961  Chile Sin tu amor Óscar Olivares and Gilberto Ávila Los Cuatro Duendes
III 1962  Chile Dime por qué María Pilar Larraín Los Cuatro Duendes
IV 1963  Chile Tan sólo una mirada Juan Vásquez Marco Aurelio
V 1964  Chile Está de más Ricardo Jara Ginette Acevedo
VI 1965  Chile Como una ola María Angélica Ramírez Cecilia
VII 1966  Chile Por creer en ti Marco Aurelio and Jaime Atria Isabel Adams
VIII 1967  Chile Cuando rompa el alba Willy Bascuñán Fresia Soto
IX 1968  Spain Palabras Jorge Domingo, Enrique Carnicer and Carmen Pons de Carnicer Luz Eliana
X 1969  Chile Mira, mira Scottie Scott Gloria Simonetti
XI 1970  Chile Canción a Magdalena Julio Zegers Julio Zegers
XII 1971 Void contest by plagiarism
XIII 1972  Netherlands Julie Julio Bernardo Euson Euson
XIV 1973  Chile Los pasajeros Julio Zegers Julio Zegers
XV 1974  Italy Immagina Giancarlo de Bellis Annarita Spinaci
XVI 1975  Greece Love Song H. Ballin, N. Ellineos and Kostas Karagiannopoulos Elpida
XVII 1976  Chile Una noche de amor Carlos Baeza Roberto Viking Valdés
XVIII 1977  Israel Canción de amor Boaz Sharabi Nava Baruchin
XIX 1978  Chile El tiempo en las bastillas Fernando Ubiergo Fernando Ubiergo
XX 1979  Spain A tu regreso a casa Braulio Braulio
XXI 1980  Spain Dudando, dudando Julio Seijas and Augusto Algueró Juan Sebastián
XXII 1981  Germany Esperando Karl-Heinz Merkel and Cherry Laine Cherry Laine
XXIII 1982  Chile Ausencia Juan Carlos Duque Juan Carlos Duque
XXIV 1983  Uruguay Alma, corazón y pan Gervasio Gervasio
XXV 1984  Chile Se te olvida Héctor Penrós Bañas Cristóbal
XXVI 1985  Australia Ya no puedo más K. C. Porter, Chris Turner and Lorenzo Toppano Lorenzo Toppano
XXVII 1986  Dominican Republic Para quererte José Antonio Rodríguez and Manuel Tejada Maridalia Hernández
XXVIII 1987  Italy Kiss me Antonio and Anna Maria de Salvatore Desà
XXIX 1988  Italy Senza te Maurizio Piccoli and Gino Mescoli Marco Del Freo
XXX 1989  Colombia Te propongo Fernando Garavito Edna Rocio
XXXI 1990  Italy Non devi abbandonarmi mai Angela Tarenzzi Piero Cotto
XXXII 1991  Chile Tira la primera piedra Edgardo Riquelme and Sergio Bravo Javiera Parra and Pedro Foncea
XXXIII 1992  Chile Parece tan sencillo Juan Carlos Duque Fernando Casas
XXXIV 1993  Italy In questo mondo Giuseppe Garibo Claudio Cirimele
XXXV 1994  Argentina Como ayer Claudia Brant and Daniel Tarrab Claudia Brant
XXXVI 1995  Chile Si tú te vas Cristian Fissore and René Calderón Jossé
XXXVII 1996  Italy Aria Ario Paolo Meneguzzi, Dino Melotti, M. Botoni and C. Isgro Paolo Meneguzzi
XXXVIII 1997  Argentina Para vivir un dulce amor Víctor Heredia and Carlos Nilson Carlos Elías
XXXIX 1998  Chile Soy tal cual soy Álvaro Scaramelli Álvaro Scaramelli
XL 1999  Colombia El aguacero Alejandro Gómez Cáceres Carolina Sabino
XLI 2000  France Laisse-moi le Temps / Let Me Try Again M. Jourdan and Caravelli / Paul Anka and Sammy Cahn Peabo Bryson
XLII 2001  Argentina Ayer te vi Víctor Heredia Raly Barrionuevo
XLIII 2002  Argentina Soy tu ángel Ricardo Pald and Valeria Lynch Oscar Patiño
XLIV 2003  Spain Este amor es tuyo Chema Purón Gisela
XLV 2004  Chile Tus ojos Alexis Venegas Alexis Venegas
XLVI 2005  Peru Mi alma entre tus manos Jessica Sarango, Jorge Pardo and Andrés Landavere Jorge Pardo
XLVII 2006  Costa Rica Dilo de una vez Humberto Vargas Valerio Humberto Vargas Valerio
XLVIII 2007  Spain Cuando quieras volver Pedro Fernández and Valderrama Díaz Materia Prima
XLIX 2008  Italy La guerra dei trent' anni Domenico Protino Domenico Protino
L 2009  Argentina Ayer te vi Víctor Heredia Emiliano Ríos
LI 2010  Italy Volare Domenico Modugno and Franco Migliacci Simona Galeandro
LII 2011  Canada Try anything Chris Burke-Gaffney, Christopher Ward and Sierra Noble Sierra Noble
LIII 2012  Italy Grazie a te Bruno Rubino, Giusseppe di Tella and Denise Faro Denise Faro
LIV 2013  Iceland Because you can Jonas Gladnikoff, Christina Schilling, Camilla Gottschalck, Örlygur Smári and Hera Björk Hera Björk
LV 2014  Canada Hypnotized Jeffery Straker Jeffery Straker

Winning countries

Folk contest[edit]

Between 1974 and 1980 this contest was cancelled by the military government of Augusto Pinochet
Before 2000, the contest only allowed Chilean composers.
In 2009, the contest included the former winners between 2001 and 2008.
Event Country Name Composer Artist
II 1961  Chile La consentida Jaime Atria Olga Escobar and Estampas Criollas
III 1962  Chile El loro aguafiestas Manuel Lira and José Goles Sylvia Infantas and Los Cóndores
IV 1963  Chile Álamo huacho Clara Solovera Los Huasos Quincheros
V 1964  Chile Qué bonita va Francisco Flores del Campo Los Huasos Quincheros
VI 1965  Chile Mano nortina Hernán Álvarez Los Cuatro Cuartos
VII 1966  Chile La burrerita Sofanor Tobar Los Paulos
VIII 1967  Chile Voy pa' Mendoza Willy Bascuñan Los Solitarios
IX 1968  Chile Camanchaca y polvareda Ricardo de la Fuente Los Ponchos Negros
X 1969  Chile Cuando tomo la guitarra Orlando Muñoz and Alsino Fuentes Los Alfiles Negros
XI 1970  Chile El hombre Rolando Alarcón Rolando Alarcón and Los Emigrantes
XII 1971  Chile La torcacita Óscar Cáceres and Luis Barragán Ginette Acevedo
XIII 1972  Chile Viejo puente Ariel Arancibia and Fernando Pavez Los Lazos
XIV 1973  Chile Mi río Julio Numhauser Charo Cofré
XXII 1981  Chile Ay, Fernanda Ricardo de la Fuente Santiago Cuatro
XXIII 1982  Chile La tejedora Sandra Ramírez Pedro Messone
XXIV 1983  Chile En los tiempos de mi abuelo Roberto Rojas and Juan Castillo Juan Carlos Méndez
XXV 1984  Chile Chile, una postal Teresa Rodríguez Los Chacareros de Paine
XXVI 1985  Chile La reina del Tamarugal Manuel Veas and Luis Miranda Calichal
XXVII 1986  Chile Sube a mi lancha Ignacio Millán Chilote Peñaloza and Los Huillincanos
XXVIII 1987  Chile Rapa Nui, mi amor Ignacio Millán and María Teresa Díaz Lorena and Manu Rere
XXIX 1988  Chile Camino a Socoroma Danny Rodríguez Los Yanacochas
XXX 1989  Chile Maja en Aldachildo Ricardo de la Fuente Ricardo de la Fuente
XXXI 1990  Chile No habrá verso que me alcance Yayo Castro and Hugo Castillo Los Surcadores del Viento
XXXII 1991  Chile De chingana Héctor Molina Héctor Molina
XXXIII 1992  Chile Tejiendo está la manque Cecilia González Leticia and Cantarauco
XXXIV 1993  Chile Canto del agua Agustín Moncada Kal
XXXV 1994  Chile Mirando pa' la bahía José Luis Hernández José Luis Hernández and Cantamérica
XXXVI 1995  Chile María Leonor Lucía Magdalena Matthey Magdalena Matthey
XXXVII 1996  Chile Cueca tristona Edson Guerrero Clarita Parra
XXXVIII 1997  Chile Cartagena Claudio Guzmán Tito Fernández
XXXIX 1998  Chile La noche de Chillán Pablo Neruda and Vicente Bianchi Santiago Cuatro
XL 1999  Chile Cueca pulenta Víctor Hugo Campusano Altamar
XLI 2000  Chile El corralero Sergio Sauvalle Los Huasos Quincheros
XLII 2001  Chile Whipala Danny Rodríguez Danny Rodríguez
XLIII 2002  Peru Juramento Carlos Rincón Eduardo del Perú
XLIV 2003  Argentina Pintadita Fernando Barrientos Fernando Barrientos
XLV 2004  Argentina Bailando con tu sombra (Alelí) Víctor Heredia Abel Pintos
XLVI 2005  Chile Cueca al sol Isabel Parra Camila Méndez
XLVII 2006  Chile Canción de agua y viento Elizabeth Morris Elizabeth Morris and group
XLVIII 2007  Colombia Me duele el alma Leonardo Gómez and Diana Hernández Maria Mulata
XLIX 2008  Peru Tusuy Kusun Damaris Mallma Damaris and group
L[2] 2009  Chile Cueca al sol Isabel Parra Camila Méndez
LI 2010  Argentina El cantar es andar César Isella César Isella
LII 2011  Chile De Pascua Lama Patricio Manns Valentina Sepúlveda and Diapazón Porteño
LIII 2012  Chile Caprichosa Gogo Muñoz and Lucas Saavedra Mauro Zapata and Fiesta Andina
LIV 2013  Chile Con el zapatito, con el zapatón Paula Herrera Paula Herrera
LV 2014  Chile La retirada La Pájara Javiera Bobadilla

Winning countries (since 2001, start of International Folk Contest)

  •  Chile: 8 times (and 33 years of National Folk Contest, between 1961-1973 and 1981-2000)
  •  Argentina: 3 times
  •  Peru: twice
  •  Colombia: once

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°01′47″S 71°33′09″W / 33.02972°S 71.55250°W / -33.02972; -71.55250