|Years active||1974 - present|
|Founded by||Herman Schueremans|
|Date(s)||Thursday-Sunday around the beginning of July|
|Genre||Alternative rock, Rock, Pop|
Rock Werchter is a Belgian annual music festival held in the village of Werchter, near Leuven, since 1976. It is one of the five biggest annual rock music festivals in Europe (the other four being Exit, Sziget Festival, the Glastonbury Festival and Roskilde Festival). The 2003, 2005, 2006 and 2007 festivals received the Arthur award for best festival in the world at the International Live Music Conference (ILMC). It can host 85,000 guests daily, of which 67,000 combine all four days, to add up to a total maximum of 139,000 different attendees.
The festival started in 1974 as a one-day event with performances from Banzai and Kandahar, but over the years it has evolved to become Belgium's largest music festival. Originally it was a double-festival, called "Torhout-Werchter", with two festival areas at different sites in Belgium: one in Werchter and one in Torhout. In 1999, the festival dropped the Torhout site and since then has taken place only in Werchter. Since 2003 Werchter has been a 4-day festival, as it was sold by owner Herman Schueremans to American organizers Live Nation. Schueremans however remains the main organiser of the event. The festival is organised every first weekend of the summer vacation in Belgium (last weekend of June or the first of July). Roskilde festival and the Arras Main Square Festival are almost always organised in the same weekend, so they can 'share' bands. Sometimes, the Glastonbury Festival is organised at the same weekend, but most years it's organised a weekend earlier.
In recent years, there has been controversy about rising ticket prices. Because of this, Schueremans was heckled during an appearance on HUMO's Pop Poll, a Belgian alternative award show. At 200 EUR for four days (18 EUR extra to include camping or 25 euro for xl-camping) in 2012 it is still considered a relatively inexpensive music festival.
The camping sites officially open at 8am on the first day of the festival, but because of guests arriving early and camping on the street, the organizers have traditionally been forced to open the camping sites early - sometimes more than 24 hours. The campsites are located along the three main entrance roads into Werchter (from Haacht, Aarschot and Leuven), most of them within 1 kilometer of the festival site but some located as far as 3 kilometers away. In 2011, for the first time, XL camping tickets are available, allowing festival goers to arrive and camp from 4pm on the Wednesday before the festival.
Until the 1990s the festival attracted mostly Flemish people, but in recent years it has become more and more international with an especially large influx of Dutch, French, Walloon, British and a notable Australian and South African contingent. Belgian alternatives remain in the Pukkelpop and Dour festivals.
The festival started off as a one-day event, became a two-day festival in 1996, a 3-day festival in 2000, and has been a 4-day festival since 2003.
Before 1995, when the festival was still a double-festival, it had one stage with 8 or 9 bands performing twice, once in Torhout and once in Werchter. Since 1995 the Main stage was accompanied by a second stage. This stage was an open air stage until 1999 when it was made a tent named 'Pyramid Marquee', with a capacity of 6,000 people. The performers in Pyramid Marquee are usually lesser-known or aimed at a specific audience. Sometimes groups that do well in Pyramid Marquee are expected to have a hard time taking the step to the Main stage, especially when they are seen as an act needing intimate, smaller venues. Sigur Rós is the most famous example of this, when they were programmed on Main Stage in 2008 after their 2006 performance in Pyramid Marquee, but they managed the transition and were hailed as one the best performances of the festival.
In 2012, a new third stage was added, called "The Barn" which is translated to "De Schuur" in Dutch, a reference to the nickname of organiser Herman Schueremans. The new tent – with a capacity of 10,000 – is meant for the more intimate concerts on Rock Werchter, like Beirut in 2012.
In 2013, Pyramid Marquee was replaced by a new bigger tent, named "KluB C".
The bands presented at Rock Werchter are traditionally a balanced mix of large well known artists, popular crowd-pleasing acts and local Belgian coming acts. Belgian band Deus in 2008 was the first local band to close the Main Stage on the last day since several years. The days usually start around noon, except for the first day, which starts around 4pm. Most performances last from 30 minutes to an hour and a half. The days end around 1am, but when the last act is a dance act they sometimes last until 3am or later. At the end of the last day there is a big fireworks show.
Satellite festivals 
TW Classic 
Since 2002, the organizers created TW Classic as a tribute to the early days of Rock Werchter. TW Classic ('TW', as in Torhout-Werchter, is the traditional abbreviation of the festival) is a one day/one stage festival held one week after the main event. It usually programs veteran acts like Phil Collins, The Police, Depeche Mode or Simple Minds, supplemented with younger mainstream Belgian acts.
Werchter Boutique 
This new festival was created in 2008 and organised one week after the main festival. It mainly aims at complete families with acts for children, teenagers as well as adults. The main acts in 2008 were Tokio Hotel, Santana and Doe Maar. In 2009 was centered around a concert of Madonna during her Sticky & Sweet Tour. 68,000 tickets were sold for the concert, making it an incredible one-day sell-out event. In 2010 Prince made one of his only 3 stops in Europe as the headliner.
Main Square Festival 
Since 2008, the organisers created a small version of Rock Werchter on the central square of Arras, in northern France. It is held on the same dates as Rock Werchter, with a similar line-up - which is an advantage for organisers as they can offer artists two shows instead of one. Arras was chosen as a location because of its large historic central square and because of the lack of big rock festivals in France.
Festival by year 
|Year||Dates||Guests per day (avg)||Main artists||Notes|
|1977||5,000||Philip Catherine, Jan Akkerman, Kayak & Dr. Feelgood|
|1978||6,000||Talking Heads, Dr. Feelgood, Nick Lowe, Dave Edmunds & Rockpile|
|1979||12,000||Raymond van het Groenewoud, Talking Heads, Dire Straits & Rory Gallagher|
|1980||18,000||Kevin Ayers, Fischer-Z, The Specials & The Kinks|
|1981||23,500||Elvis Costello and the Attractions, The Cure, Robert Palmer & Dire Straits|
|1982||37,500||Allez Allez, U2, Steve Miller Band, Talking Heads & Jackson Browne|
|1983||36,000||Eurythmics, Simple Minds, U2, Peter Gabriel & Van Morrison|
|1984||55,000||Chris Rea, John Hiatt, Joe Jackson, Simple Minds & Lou Reed||Schueremans and De Meyer created StageCo Staging Company. All Audio and Video equipments were dismantled at Torhout and transported to Werchter to be built up for the Werchter leg of the festival. This had to be done in 10 hours.|
|1985||63,000||Ramones, R.E.M., Depeche Mode, U2 & Joe Cocker|
|1986||60,000||Simply Red, Talk Talk, UB40, Elvis Costello & the Attractions & Simple Minds||Ticket price was 850 Belgian Franks, which is 21 Euro nowadays.|
|1987||60,000||Iggy Pop, Echo & the Bunnymen, The Pretenders, Eurythmics & Peter Gabriel|
|1988||60,000||Ziggy Marley & the Melody Makers, Los Lobos, John Hiatt, INXS, Bryan Adams & Sting||Bryan Adams records Live! Live! Live! while it "rained in torrents."|
|1989||50,000||Texas, Pixies, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Elvis Costello, R.E.M. & Lou Reed|
|1990||60,000||Lenny Kravitz, Ry Cooder/David Lindley, Sinéad O'Connor, Midnight Oil, Bob Dylan & The Cure|
|1991||50,500||Happy Mondays, Bonnie Riatt, Pixies, Iggy Pop, Paul Simon & Sting||In Torhout the crowd spontaneously started throwing empty bottles onto the stage during Iggy Pop's concert, soon filling the skies with bottlework. The samen happened in Werchter the next day, ending with bottles hitting peoples' heads and resulting in injuries. This incident marked the beginning of the prohibition of visitors bringing their own drinks to the festival, a decision criticized and allegated to be for mere commercial purposes.|
|1992||60,000||The Smashing Pumpkins, Crowded House, Lou Reed, Red Hot Chili Peppers & Bryan Adams||Kiedis shouted at the crowd: "If you love us, throw more mud!" A few seconds later the stage was transformed in a place best described as a mud fight arena.|
|1993||60,000||Sonic Youth, Faith No More, Neil Young with Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Lenny Kravitz & Metallica|
|1994||50,500||Tool, Therapy?, Sepultura, Rage Against the Machine, Peter Gabriel, Pink Floyd & Aerosmith||A camping festival was held the night before the festival itself. Deus and Tool performed at this stage.|
|1995||65,000||Jeff Buckley, PJ Harvey, The Offspring, The Cure, The Cranberries & R.E.M.||Second stage added.|
|1996||50,000||David Bowie, Chemical Brothers, Afghan Wigs, Rage Against the Machine, Radiohead, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Björk, Pulp (band), Massive Attack, Foo Fighters & Neil Young & Crazy Horse||First time as a two-day festival. First time ever Radiohead played Paranoid Android.|
|1997||50,000||David Bowie, Daft Punk, Supergrass, Live, Radiohead, Jamiroquai, The Smashing Pumpkins, Beck & Deus|
|1998||20,000||Sonic Youth, Eagle Eye Cherry, Garbage, Therapy?, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Beastie Boys & Björk|
|1999||3 – 4 July||51,500||Pavement, Blur, Marilyn Manson, Placebo, Robbie Williams, Faithless, Lenny Kravitz & R.E.M.||First time in Werchter only|
|2000||30 June – 2 July||55,000||Nine Inch Nails, Oasis, Bush, A Perfect Circle, Counting Crows, The Cure & Eels||First time as a three-day festival|
|2001||29 June – 1 July||60,000||Fun Lovin' Criminals, Sting, Beck, Placebo, PJ Harvey, Muse, Sigur Rós, Grandaddy, Faithless, Coldplay, Incubus|
|2002||28 – 30 June||63,000||Sonic Youth, The White Stripes, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Rammstein, Queens of the Stone Age, Faithless & Coldplay|
|2003||26 – 29 June||70,000||Radiohead, Björk, Massive Attack, Moby, Metallica, Queens of the Stone Age, R.E.M. & Coldplay||First time as a four-day-festival
Arthur award for Best festival in the world
|2004||1 – 4 July||70,000||The Cure, Metallica, KoЯn, Lenny Kravitz, Pixies, Muse, 2 Many DJ's, Placebo & Moloko||Arthur award for Best festival in the world. Headliner David Bowie cancelled because of a shoulder nerve injury. 2 Many DJ's were flown back from the UEFA Euro 2004 Final in Lisbon to replace him.|
|2005||30 June – 3 July||80,000||New Order, The Chemical Brothers, Garbage, Green Day, Kraftwerk, Queens of the Stone Age, Snoop Dogg, Faithless, Rammstein, Foo Fighters & R.E.M.|
|2006||29 June – 2 July||80,000||Red Hot Chili Peppers, The Black Eyed Peas, The Who, Muse, Franz Ferdinand, Placebo, Deus & Depeche Mode||Arthur award for Best festival in the world|
|2007||28 June – 1 July||80,000||Muse, Kaiser Chiefs, Bloc Party, Arctic Monkeys, Pearl Jam, The Chemical Brothers, Metallica, Queens of the Stone Age & Faithless||Arthur award for Best festival in the world. Pearl Jam finally played at the festival after cancellations in 1992 (Eddie Vedder's stress collapse) and 2000 (drama at Roskilde).|
|2008||3 – 6 July||80,000||The Chemical Brothers, R.E.M., Moby, Neil Young, Radiohead, Sigur Rós, Deus, Beck & Kaiser Chiefs||The ILMC (who gives the Arthur Awards) changed her restrictions, a festival which has won 2 years in a row can't enter the next year. This change has been done in favour of the other festivals.|
|2009||2 – 5 July||80,000||Limp Bizkit, The Killers, Lady Gaga, Placebo, Metallica, Coldplay, Kings of Leon, Oasis, Bloc Party, Franz Ferdinand & Nine Inch Nails||European Festival Award for Best line-up, artist's favourite festival and best promotor|
|2010||1 – 4 July||80,000||Arcade Fire, Pearl Jam, Muse, Pink, Rammstein, Faithless, Green Day, Them Crooked Vultures & Editors|
|2011||30 June – 3 July||82,750||Linkin Park, Kings of Leon, Coldplay, Iron Maiden, The Chemical Brothers, Arctic Monkeys, Queens of the Stone Age, Robyn & Black Eyed Peas||European Festival Award for Best line-up|
|2012||28 June – 1 July||85,000||Red Hot Chili Peppers, The Cure, Garbage, Justice, Pearl Jam, Deadmau5, Mumford & Sons, Editors, Chase & Status & Snow Patrol||Third stage added, Arthur award for Best festival in the world|
|2013||4 – 7 July||TBA||Depeche Mode, Blur, Rammstein, Green Day, Kings of Leon, The National, Editors, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds & Volbeat|
Recent years 
Day 1: Underworld, Radiohead, Björk
Day 2: Massive Attack, Moby, Ozark Henry, The Roots, Feeder, Morgan Heritage, The Polyphonic Spree
Day 3: Metallica, Arno, Queens of the Stone Age, Anouk, Xzibit, Millionaire, Stone Sour, 't Hof van Commerce, Krezip
Day 4: R.E.M., Coldplay, Counting Crows, Cypress Hill, The Cardigans, Supergrass, Stereophonics, De la Soul, Das Pop
Day 1: Basement Jaxx, The Cure, Pink, Sean Paul, Michael Franti & Spearhead
Day 2: Metallica, KoЯn, The Darkness, Dropkick Murphys, Monster Magnet, Black Rebel Motorcycle Club, Lostprophets
Day 3: Lenny Kravitz, Muse, Moloko, Wu-Tang Clan, Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals, The Black Eyed Peas, Within Temptation, Heideroosjes, The Rasmus
Day 4: 2 Many DJ's, Placebo, Pixies, PJ Harvey, Lamb, Starsailor, Zornik, Danko Jones
David Bowie was meant to headline the festival but had to cancel.
Day 1: The Chemical Brothers, Kraftwerk, Snoop Dogg, Ozark Henry, New Order, The Bravery
Day 2: Faithless, Green Day, Velvet Revolver, Garbage, Within Temptation, Jimmy Eat World, K.T. Tunstall, Simple Plan
Day 3: Rammstein, Nine Inch Nails, Audioslave, The Game, 't Hof van Commerce, Daan, Pennywise, Therapy?
Day 4: R.E.M., Foo Fighters, Queens of the Stone Age, Soulwax, Keane, Feeder, Kane, Flogging Molly
Day 1: Matisyahu, Deftones, Manu Chao Radio Bemba Sound System, Kaizers Orchestra, Death Cab for Cutie, Red Hot Chili Peppers, The Black Eyed Peas, Tool, Damian "Jr. Gong" Marley, The Streets, Roger Sanchez
Day 2: The Who, Muse, Skin, Kanye West, Editors, Live, Anouk. The Kooks, Clap Your Hands Say Yeah, Elbow, Mogwai, Radio Soulwax presents: Vitalic, Soulwax Nite Versions, Tiga, 2 Many DJ's
Day 3: Wolfmother, Arsenal, Kelis, Kaiser Chiefs, Franz Ferdinand, Placebo, Deus, Donavon Frankenreiter, Arctic Monkeys, Goldfrapp, Sigur Rós
Day 4: Absynthe Minded, Eels, Starsailor, Robert Plant & The Strange Sensation, Ben Harper & the Innocent Criminals, Hooverphonic, Depeche Mode, Collective Soul, Bettye LaVette, An Pierlé & White Velvet, Laurent Garnier & Bugge Wesseltoft featuring Philippe Nadaud, Superdiscount, Hard-Fi
Main Stage: Moby, Neil Young, The Verve, Jay-Z, Babyshambles, Slayer, Monza, The Black Box Revelation
Pyramid Marquee: Digitalism, Hot Chip, Zita Swoon, Duffy, My Morning Jacket, Ben Folds, Patrick Watson, The Cool Kids
Main Stage: Radiohead, Sigur Rós, Ben Harper & the Innocent Criminals, Kings of Leon, Editors, The Hives, Gossip, The Whigs
Pyramid Marquee: Róisín Murphy, Gnarls Barkley, MGMT, Kate Nash, KT Tunstall, Galactic, Band of Horses, Donavon Frankenreiter
Main Stage: Deus, The Black Box Revelation, Anouk, Beck, Kaiser Chiefs, The Raconteurs, The Kooks, Panic at the Disco, The John Butler Trio
Pyramid Marquee: Nightwish, Underworld, Justice, Grinderman, Mark Ronson, Hercules and Love Affair, Tim Vanhamel, DeVotchKa
Main Stage: Coldplay, The Killers, Bloc Party, Elbow, Amy Macdonald, White Lies, Just Jack
Pyramid Marquee: Lady Gaga, Arsenal, Jason Mraz, The Streets, M.Ward, Priscilla Ahn, Henry Rollins - Spoken Word
Main Stage: 2ManyDjs, Kings of Leon, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Franz Ferdinand, Limp Bizkit, Rodrigo Y Gabriela, Social Distortion, Triggerfinger
Pyramid Marquee: Boys Noize, Grace Jones, Katy Perry, Mogwai, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Regina Spektor, Jasper Erkens
Main Stage: Metallica, Nine Inch Nails, Kaiser Chiefs, The Black Eyed Peas, The Mars Volta, Seasick Steve, Mastodon, Metro Station
Pyramid Marquee: Milk Inc, Röyksopp, Ghinzu, The Script, Lady Linn & Her Magnificent Seven, De Jeugd van Tegenwoordig, The Hickey Underworld
Main Stage: Linkin Park, The Chemical Brothers, Queens Of The Stone Age, Anouk, The Hives, Seasick Steve and OFWGKTA
Pyramid Marquee: Hurts, Beady Eye, Eels, James Blake, Aloe Blacc, TV On The Radio and Warpaint
Main Stage: Kings of Leon, Arsenal, Arctic Monkeys, The National, White Lies, Triggerfinger, My Chemical Romance and Mona
Pyramid Marquee: The Subs, Goose, Chase and Status, Ozark Henry, Jimmy Eat World, Kesha, Lissie and Grouplove
Main Stage: Coldplay, Portishead, PJ Harvey, Elbow, Bruno Mars, The Gaslight Anthem and Rival Sons
Pyramid Marquee: Underworld, Magnetic Man, Selah Sue, Bright Eyes, I Blame Coco, Jenny and Johnny, The Pretty Reckless and Evaline
Main Stage: Iron Maiden, The Black Eyed Peas, A-Trak, Grinderman, Kaiser Chiefs, Kasabian, Social Distortion and All Time Low
Pyramid Marquee: Digitalism, Robyn, Fleet Foxes, Brandon Flowers, Two Door Cinema Club, Tame Impala, The Vaccines and Everything Everything