Victor Garland

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The Honourable
Sir Victor Garland
KBE
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Curtin
In office
19 April 1969 – 22 January 1981
Preceded by Paul Hasluck
Succeeded by Allan Rocher
Personal details
Born (1934-05-05) 5 May 1934 (age 80)
Perth, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Alma mater University of Western Australia
Occupation Chartered Accountant

Sir (Ransley) Victor Garland KBE (born 5 May 1934), usually known as Vic Garland, is an Australian former politician, Australian High Commissioner in the United Kingdom and director of many UK and US public companies. A Liberal Party member of the Australian House of Representatives, he represented the Division of Curtin in Western Australia from April 1969 to January 1981. He was subsequently a high-ranking diplomat.

Biography[edit]

Born in Western Australia and raised in Perth, Garland was educated at Hale School and the University of Western Australia, from which he received a Bachelor of Arts majoring in economics. He became a chartered accountant like his father, and became involved in community affairs and served on the Town of Claremont council. He eventually became Vice President of the Western Australia branch of the Liberal Party.

When Sir Paul Hasluck resigned from Parliament in 1969 to become Governor-General of Australia, Garland succeeded him as the member for Curtin, a comfortably safe Liberal seat in Perth's wealthy beachside suburbs. He held a number of ministerial roles during the William McMahon government, starting as Minister for Supply (1971–1972) and Minister Assisting the Treasurer under McMahon until the Coalition's defeat by Gough Whitlam's Australian Labor Party in 1972. He was Parliamentary Advisor to the Australian Mission to the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 1973. He served as Chief Opposition Whip from June 1974 to March 1975.

When the Coalition regained power under Malcolm Fraser's leadership, after the dismissal of the Whitlam government in 1975, Garland was made Minister for Post and Telecommunications (replacing the former portfolio of Postmaster-General). Garland resigned from the ministry in 1976 after he was accused of committing electoral offences,[1] although the Chief Magistrate of the ACT dismissed the charges. For several months Garland remained a backbencher before being appointed the first Chairman of the House of Representatives Expenditure Committee (1976–1977), Minister for Veterans' Affairs (1977–1978),[2] Minister for Special Trade Representations (1978–1979) and Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (1979–1980).

Following the November 1980 federal election, Garland resigned from Parliament on 22 January 1981 to accept appointment as Australian High Commissioner in the United Kingdom, a post he held from 1981 to 1983. In 1982, he became a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE).

Following his departure from the High Commissioner's post, he stayed on in London, serving as Director both non-executive director and executive director of over 30 companies in the UK and US. The most notable were the Prudential Assurance plc for nearly 10 years, the South Bank Board (Royal Festival Hall Complex) as Vice-Chairman for 15 years, The Throgmorton Trust plc, Classic ITC Threadneedle AMC (India), Nelson Hurst plc, Signet Group plc, The Ark Funds Inc. (US), Mitchell Cotts plc, Fidelity Asian Values plc and many finance companies, some of which he chaired.[3]

In July 2007 he returned to Perth, Australia.

Personal life[edit]

In 1960 he married Lynette Jamieson, and they have three children. Lady Garland is an active professional classical pianist who performs as Lyn Garland.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hamer, David: Can Responsible Government Survive In Australia?, Australian Senate, 2001.
  2. ^ Fraser's initial choice was Senator Glen Sheil. However, after Sheil publicly professed his support for the South African apartheid regime, which was very much at odds with the Fraser government's position, Fraser decided not to proceed with Sheil's appointment to the Ministry, and his appointment as an Executive Councillor was terminated. Garland was asked to remain as Minister for Veterans' Affairs (as well as his new appointment as Minister for Special Trade Representations) and was appointed in his place.
  3. ^ Papers of Sir (Ransley) Victor Garland (1934– ), National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ Lyn Garland website
Political offices
Preceded by
Ken Anderson
Minister for Supply
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Lance Barnard
Preceded by
Peter Nixon
Postmaster-General
Minister for Post and Telecommunications
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Eric Robinson
Preceded by
Peter Durack
Minister for Veterans' Affairs
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Evan Adermann
Preceded by
John Howard
Minister for Special Trade Representations
1978–1979
Succeeded by
Douglas Scott
Preceded by
Wal Fife
Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs
1979–1980
Succeeded by
John Moore
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Paul Hasluck
Member for Curtin
1969–1981
Succeeded by
Allan Rocher
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir James Plimsoll
Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
1981–1983
Succeeded by
Alfred Parsons