Andrew Peacock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Honourable
Andrew Peacock
AC, GCL
Andrew Peacock.jpg
Leader of the Opposition
Elections: 1984, 1990
In office
9 May 1989 – 3 April 1990
Deputy Fred Chaney
Preceded by John Howard
Succeeded by John Hewson
In office
11 March 1983 – 5 September 1985
Deputy John Howard
Preceded by Bob Hawke
Succeeded by John Howard
Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
In office
9 May 1989 – 3 April 1990
Deputy Fred Chaney
Preceded by John Howard
Succeeded by John Hewson
In office
11 March 1983 – 5 September 1985
Deputy John Howard
Preceded by Malcolm Fraser
Succeeded by John Howard
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
17 July 1987 – 9 May 1989
Leader John Howard
Preceded by Neil Brown
Succeeded by Fred Chaney
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
17 July 1987 – 9 May 1989
Leader John Howard
Preceded by Neil Brown
Succeeded by Fred Chaney
Minister for Industry and Commerce
In office
11 October 1982 – 11 March 1983
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Phillip Lynch
Succeeded by John Button
Minister for Industrial relations
In office
3 November 1980 – 16 April 1981
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Tony Street
Succeeded by Ian Viner
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
12 November 1975 – 3 November 1980
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Don Willesee
Succeeded by Tony Street
Minister for External Territories
In office
25 January 1972 – 5 December 1972
Prime Minister William McMahon
Preceded by Charles Barnes
Succeeded by Gough Whitlam
Minister for the Army
In office
12 November 1969 – 10 March 1971
Prime Minister John Gorton
William McMahon
Preceded by Phillip Lynch
Succeeded by Bob Katter, Sr.
Member of the Australian Parliament for Kooyong
In office
2 April 1966 – 19 November 1994
Preceded by Robert Menzies
Succeeded by Petro Georgiou
Personal details
Born (1939-02-13) 13 February 1939 (age 75)
Melbourne, Victoria
Nationality Australia Australian
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Susan Renouf (div.)
Margaret Ingram (div.)
Penne Percy Korth (m.2002–present)
Children 3
Alma mater University of Melbourne

Andrew Sharp Peacock AC, GCL (born 13 February 1939), is a former Australian Liberal politician. He was a minister in the Gorton, McMahon and Fraser governments, and was federal leader of the Liberal Party of Australia 1983–1985 and 1989–1990. He was Chairman of Octaviar Ltd, a financial services and property group based on the Gold Coast, Queensland, during its collapse.

Early life[edit]

Peacock was born in Melbourne, Victoria, the son of a wealthy company director. He was educated at Scotch College and at the University of Melbourne, where he graduated in law. He practised law in Melbourne while making a rapid advance in the Liberal Party. He was president of the Young Liberals in 1962, and in 1963 he married Susan Rossiter (b. 1940), the daughter of Victorian Liberal MLA Sir John Rossiter[1] and Joan Stewart. They had three daughters, one of them being the horse trainer Jane Chapple-Hyam.[2] By 1965 he was President of the Victorian Liberal Party.

Early political career[edit]

In February 1966, former Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies resigned, triggering a by-election in Kooyong, the eastern Melbourne electorate that he had held for 32 years. Peacock gained Liberal preselection and was elected on 2 April, with a reduced majority. He easily retained his seat in the general election held seven months later. In 1969 he was appointed Minister for the Army, and in this role played a minor part in the drama which brought down Prime Minister John Gorton in 1971. In 1972 William McMahon made him Minister for Territories, in charge of Australia's colonial possession, Papua New Guinea, where he was responsible for bringing in self-government.[3]

When the Liberals went into opposition in December 1972, Peacock became a senior member of the Liberal frontbench. As a party moderate, he was a supporter of the new leader, Billy Snedden. When Snedden lost the 1974 election, Peacock began to be seen as a leadership candidate, but it was Malcolm Fraser who took the initiative and deposed Snedden in 1975. Fraser made Peacock foreign affairs spokesperson, and when Fraser led the Liberals back to power in December 1975 Peacock became Minister for Foreign Affairs, aged 36.

He served as Foreign Minister until 1980, acquiring a reputation as an international playboy, particularly through his well-publicised relationship with Shirley MacLaine (his marriage had by this time ended in divorce). He had a number of acrimonious disputes with Fraser, particularly over the recognition of the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia. After the 1980 election he asked for a change of portfolio, and Fraser made him Minister for Industrial Relations. In April 1981 he suddenly resigned, accusing Fraser of constant interference in his portfolio. Fraser called a party meeting, at which Peacock tried to depose him as party leader and Prime Minister. Fraser managed to fend off this challenge.

In November 1982, when Phillip Lynch resigned from politics, John Howard succeeded him as Deputy Leader, and Peacock was brought back into cabinet as Minister for Industry and Commerce.

Leader of the Liberal Party[edit]

Fraser's government was defeated in the March 1983 election by the Labor Party under Bob Hawke. Fraser immediately retired from politics, and Peacock contested the party leadership, defeating Howard, who remained as Deputy Leader.

As Opposition Leader, Peacock faced an uphill battle against the hugely popular Hawke. At the 1984 election he was given little chance of winning, but he performed better than expected by reducing Hawke's majority. In 1985, as Labor's position in opinion polls improved, Peacock's popularity sank and Howard's profile rose, keeping leadership speculation alive. Peacock said he would no longer accept Howard as deputy unless he offered assurances that he would not challenge for the leadership. Following Howard's refusal to offer such an assurance, in September 1985 Peacock sought to replace him with John Moore as Deputy Leader.[4] The party room re-elected Howard as Deputy, contrary to Peacock's wishes. Despite possessing greater support in the parliamentary party than Howard,[5] Peacock unexpectedly resigned and Howard was comfortably elected Opposition Leader on 5 September.[6] Howard appointed Peacock Shadow Foreign Minister.

Howard lost the 1987 election to Hawke, and Peacock was elected Deputy Leader in a show of party unity. But Peacock's supporters began to plot against Howard, and in May 1989 they mounted a party room coup which returned Peacock to the leadership. Peacock, now 50, cultivated a new mature image, enhanced by a second marriage to Margaret St George.

On 18 March 1990, Peacock was interviewed by Laurie Oakes on the television program Sunday, regarding his stance on the Multifunction Polis (MFP), a proposal to build a Japanese funded technology city in Australia.[7] Peacock attacked the MFP concept, saying it would become an Asian "enclave". [8] According to Roy Morgan Research, Peacock's attack on the MFP did not help him politically, and the Labor Party used the issue to highlight division within the Liberal Party, as John Elliott and others supported the MFP.[7] The following day, The Australian newspaper ran a headline titled Peacock a 'danger in the Lodge'.'[7]

Although Hawke's government was in political trouble, with record high interest rates and a financial crisis in Victoria, Peacock failed to defeat Hawke at the 1990 election. Peacock resigned after the election. He became Shadow Attorney-General (1990–92) and Shadow Trade Minister (1992–93) under the new leader, Dr John Hewson. who Peacock supported in getting the job in 1990 over Peter Reith and to stop Howard returning.[1] After Hewson's election as leader, Hewson endorsed Peacock as his deputy which caused a furore with Howard supporters. Peacock, however had no interest in becoming deputy leader again and withdrew happily. Reith was instead elected deputy in a close contest against Peacock supporter David Jull. [9]

He returned to Foreign Affairs when Hewson lost the 1993 election to Keating. He retained Foreign Affairs when Hewson was displaced by Alexander Downer.

After politics[edit]

Ambassador Peacock and Minister for Defence John Moore at the Pentagon in 1999.
Peacock's third wife, Penne.

Peacock resigned from Parliament in September 1994 for unknown reasons. In 1996 when asked about blocking John Howard, Malcolm Fraser said Peacock obviously was, while Peacock claimed he supported John Hewson continuing.[10] When Howard became Prime Minister in 1996, he appointed Peacock as the Australian Ambassador to the United States.[11] Since the end of this appointment in 1999, Peacock has largely lived in the US.[citation needed]

In 2002 he married Penne Percy Korth, a Washington, D.C. society figure and former United States Ambassador to Mauritius. Midway through 2002 Peacock joined Boeing Australia Holdings as President of Boeing Australia.[citation needed]

On 20 December 2006, Peacock announced his retirement from Boeing Australia Holdings, effective at the end of February 2007.[citation needed]

His daughter Ann Peacock married Liberal powerbroker Michael Kroger in 1999. They had two sons before separating in 2009.

Honours[edit]

Peacock was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1997.

For his role in bringing in New Guinea independence, Peacock was appointed a Chief Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu in 2006.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rossiter, Sir John Frederick, Victorian Parliament page
  2. ^ Jane has pedigree to make grade, The Daily Telegraph, 7 July 2005
  3. ^ Peacock made 'bird of paradise' chief, Ninemsn, 19 September 2006
  4. ^ "Political Chronicles: July to December 1985". Australian Journal of Politics and History: p. 264. 1986. 
  5. ^ Kelly, Paul (1994). The End of Certainty: Power, Politics, and Business in Australia. Allen & Unwin. pp. 192, 193. ISBN 1-86373-757-X. Retrieved 5 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Howard's labours are slipping away, Alan Ramsay, Sydney Morning Herald, 6 March 2004
  7. ^ a b c Morgan, Gary C. (11 July 1990). "Now there's Democracy in Russia – Australia must be Next". Roy Morgan Research. Retrieved 13 January 2008. 
  8. ^ Jupp, James (2007). From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration. Cambridge University Press. pp. 107–219. ISBN 0-521-69789-1. Retrieved 12 January 2008. 
  9. ^ Kelly, Paul, The End of Certainty
  10. ^ Jackson, Liz (21 August 2011). "An Average Australian Bloke – 19 Feb 1996". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Cusack, Agnes (19 November 1999). "Peacock leaves Washington". AM. ABC Local Radio. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  12. ^ Official Web Site of the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea[dead link]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Robert Menzies
Member for Kooyong
1966 – 1994
Succeeded by
Petro Georgiou
Political offices
Preceded by
Phillip Lynch
Minister for the Army
1969 – 1972
Succeeded by
Bob Katter
Preceded by
Charles Barnes
Minister for External Territories
1972
Succeeded by
Gough Whitlam
Preceded by
Joe Berinson
Minister for Environment
1975
Succeeded by
Ivor Greenwood
Preceded by
Don Willesee
Minister for Foreign Affairs
1975 – 1980
Succeeded by
Tony Street
Preceded by
Tony Street
Minister for Industrial Relations
1980 – 1981
Succeeded by
Ian Viner
Preceded by
Phillip Lynch
Minister for Industry and Commerce
1982 – 1983
Succeeded by
John Button
Party political offices
Preceded by
Malcolm Fraser
Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
1983 – 1985
Succeeded by
John Howard
Preceded by
Neil Brown
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
1987 – 1989
Succeeded by
Fred Chaney
Preceded by
John Howard
Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
1989 – 1990
Succeeded by
John Hewson
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John McCarthy
Australian Ambassador to the United States
1996 – 1999
Succeeded by
Michael Thawley